Thursday, 20 August 2009

Discover Pakistan

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Official Name:

Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Father of the Nation:
Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)

Ideological Thinker:
Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)

Head of the State:
Asif Ali Zardari, President

Head of Government:
Yousuf Gilani, Prime Minister

Capital:
Islamabad

Area

Total 796,095 Sq. km.
Punjab 205,344 Sq. km.
Sindh 140,914 Sq. km.
North West Frontier Province 74,521 Sq. km.
Balochistan 347,190 Sq. km.
Federally Administered Tribal Areas 27,220 Sq. km.
Islamabad (Capital) 906 Sq. km.

Population:
180.05 Million (E)

Administrative Setup:
Pakistan is divided into four provinces viz., North West Frontier Province (NWFP), Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan. The tribal belt adjoining NWFP is managed by the Federal Government and is named FATA i.e., Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas have their own respective political and administrative machinery, yet certain of their subjects are taken care of by the Federal Government through the Ministry of Kashmir Affairs and Northern Areas. Provinces of Pakistan are further divided into Divisions and Districts


Divisions Districts
NWFP 7 24
Punjab 8 34
Sindh 5 21
Balochistan 6 22

While FATA consist of 13 Areas/Agencies and Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas have 7 and 5 Districts respectively.

Religion:
95% Muslims, 5% others.

Annual Per capita income:
US $834

GDP:
8.4%

Currency:
Pak. Rupee.

Imports:
Industrial equipment, chemicals, vehicles, steel, iron ore, petroleum, edible oil, pulses, tea.

Exports:
Cotton, textile goods, rice, leather items carpets, sports goods, handi-crafts, fish and fish prep. and fruit

Languages:
Urdu (National) and English (Official)

Literacy Rate:
53%

Government:
Parliamentary form

Parliament:
Parliament consists of two Houses i.e., the Senate (Upper House) and the National Assembly (Lower House).

The Senate is a permanent legislative body and symbolises a process of continuity in the national affairs. It consists of 100 members. The four Provincial Assemblies, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Federal Capital form its electoral college.

The National Assembly has a total membership of 342 elected through adult suffrage (272 general seats, 60 women seats and 10 non-Muslim seats).

Pakistan National Flag:
Dark green with a white vertical bar, a white crescent and a five-pointed star in the middle. The Flag symbolizes Pakistan's profound commitment to Islam, the Islamic world and the rights of religious minorities.

National Anthem:
Approved in August, 1954
Verses Composed by: Abdul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri
Tune Composed by: Ahmed G. Chagla
Duration: 80 seconds

State Emblem:
The State Emblem consists of:
1. The crescent and star which are symbols of Islam
2. The shield in the centre shows four major crops
3. Wreath surrounding the shield represents cultural heritage and
4. Scroll contains Quaid's motto: Unity Faith, Discipline

Pakistan's Official Map:
Drawn by Mian Mahmood Alam Suhrawardy (1920-1999)

National Flower:
Jasmine

National Tree:
Deodar

National Animal:
Markhor

National Bird:
Chakor

Flora:
Pine, Oak, Poplar, Deodar, Maple, Mulberry

Fauna:
The Pheasant, Leopard, Deer, Ibex, Chinkara, Black buck, Neelgai, Markhor, Marco-Polo sheep, Green turtles, River & Sea fish, Crocodile, Waterfowls

Popular games:
Cricket, Hockey, Football, Squash.

Tourist's resorts:
Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral and Gilgit

Archaeological sites:
Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai.

Major Cities:
Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Multan and Sialkot

Industry:
Textiles, Cement, Fertiliser, Steel, Sugar, Electric Goods, Shipbuilding

Energy:

Major sources Electricity (Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear) Oil, Coal, and Liquid Petroleum Gas
Power Generating Capacity 19,389 MW

Transport & Communication:

Total length of roads 259, 758 km
Pakistan Railway network 7,791 km
Locomotives 580
Railway stations 781
Pakistan International Airlines Covers 38 international and 24 domestic stations with a fleet of 49 planes.
Major Airports 8 (Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Quetta, Peshawar, Multan, Faisalabad and Gwadar)

Seaports:

International 2 (Karachi and Bin Qasim) Gwadar deep sear port is under construction
Fish Harbours-*****-Mini Ports 3 (Minora, Gawadar, and Keti Bandar)

Famous Mountain Peaks:


Height World Rating
K-2 (Chagori) 8616 m 2nd
Nanga Parbat 8125 m 8th
Gasherbrum-I 8068 m 11th
Broad Peak 8065 m 12th
Gasherbrum-II 8047 m 14th
Gasherbrum-III 7952 m 15th
Gasherbrum-IV 7925 m 16th
Disteghil Sar 7885 m 20th
Kunyang Kish 7852 m 22nd
Masherbrum (NE) 7821 m 24th
Rakaposhi 7788 m 27th
Batura I 7785 m 28th
Kanjut Sar 7760 m 29th
Saltoro Kangri 7742 m 33rd
Trivor 7720 m 36th
Tirich Mir 7708 m 41st

Rivers:


Length
The Indus 2,896 km
Jhelum 825 km
Chenab 1,242 km
Ravi 901 km

Sutlej 1,551 km
Beas (tributary of Sutlej) 398 km

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آپ بھی اپنا تبصرہ تحریر کریں

اہم اطلاع :- غیر متعلق,غیر اخلاقی اور ذاتیات پر مبنی تبصرہ سے پرہیز کیجئے, مصنف ایسا تبصرہ حذف کرنے کا حق رکھتا ہے نیز مصنف کا مبصر کی رائے سے متفق ہونا ضروری نہیں۔

اگر آپ کے کمپوٹر میں اردو کی بورڈ انسٹال نہیں ہے تو اردو میں تبصرہ کرنے کے لیے ذیل کے اردو ایڈیٹر میں تبصرہ لکھ کر اسے تبصروں کے خانے میں کاپی پیسٹ کرکے شائع کردیں۔