Friday, 28 September 2012



This is a sickness in the world or is it the curse of technology!!!   
This is how the friends are hanging out these days. SAD BUT TRUE...

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Grab a cup of coffee

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Go to your local pub

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Dine out at your favorite restaurant

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Spend some time at the museum 
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Meet at a popular diner
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Relax at a beautiful park 
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Go to a live game 
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Go to the movies togetherDescription: Description:
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Going out on a dateDescription: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description:   A68911474C964512942A7E70D8E5B158@HomeLT
Take a drive around town
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                                          It’s a busy world, no quality time

1st Haaj Seasonal Train


Mecca Train Ticket Prices & Services Announced for its First Hajj Season

It was announced yesterday that Muslims wishing to use Mecca's first metro when they converge on the holy city next month for their annual pilgrimage will have to pay SR250 for a ticket that will serve them for seven days.

Three different types of tickets will cover all holy sites in Mecca and will allow the pilgrims to take the train into the city to perform their rites before returning to their residence inside or outside the city, Ajel online newspaper said, quoting Habib Zain Alabidin, Undersecretary at the Saudi Ministry of Municipal affairs.

"The ticket's price is set at SR250 (US$ 67) that will cover a full trip into and out of Mecca for seven days…another ticket is priced at SR100 (US$ 27) for four days," he said.

Officials said last week the train has a capacity to transport 170,000 passengers in its first stage and two million when the third and final phase is completed.

Saudi Arabia has allocated nearly SR6.7 billion (US$ 1.8 billion) for the metro, which begins continuous service next month for the first time in Mecca's history. Officials expect the project to largely contribute to easing road congestions caused by the accumulation of thousands of cars near Makkah.

Habib Zain Alabidin says the railway would operate throughout the year.

The project is part of a costly programme by Saudi Arabia to tackle massive traffic congestions in and around the city and facilitate access to all sacred sites in Mecca.

The train project, initiated three years ago, followed a series of incidents that have killed thousands of pilgrims in stampedes, building collapses and other accidents during the few days of the Haj season.

More than two million Muslims from Saudi Arabia, the Gulf Co-operation Council countries and other nations descend on Mecca every year to perform the pilgrimage.

China Railway Construction Corp, part of a Saudi-French-Chinese consortium which won the contract, is carrying out the project, involving nearly 5,000 workers. The train is the Gulf’s second metro system after the Dubai Metro.

Sunday, 23 September 2012

10th Safar al-Muzaffar | Umm al-Mu'mineen Sayyidah Juwairiyah bint al-Harith Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anha

Umm al-Mu'mineen Hadrat Sayyidah
Juwairiyah bint al-Harith Radi Allahu Anha

Sayyidah Juwairiyah bint Harith, may Allah be pleased with her, was a very charming, sweet and very beautiful lady. All who saw Sayyidah Juwairiyah (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anha) were stunned by her exceptional beauty. Brought up as she had been in one of the foremost families of the time, she was not only beautiful but graceful, elegant and eloquent. Anyone who saw her could not help being captivated by her charm and pleasant demeanour. Her father was Harith ibn Abi Dirar, who was the chief of the Banu Mustaliq. When Sayyidah Ayesha (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anha) first saw Sayyidah Juwairiyah (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anha) she exclaimed that she was as beautiful as a fairy.

She married the beloved Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon Him) in Sha'baan 5 A.H., when the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam was fifty-eight years old and she was twenty, not long after his marriage to Sayyidah Zainab bint Jahash. Before then she was married to Musaafi’ bin Safwaan who was not a Muslim and was killed in the very battle wherein she was captured.

Before her marriage to the Prophet (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam) her name was Barrah, but beloved Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam changed it to Juwairiyah. Sayyidah Zainab bint Jahash, Zainab bint Umm Salamah and Maimoonah bint Harith Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhunna were also named Barrah, but the beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam changed their names as well.

Marriage of Sayyidah Juwairiyah bint Harith (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anha):

News reached the Prophet (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam) on Sha‘ban 2nd to the effect that the chief of Bani Al-Mustaliq, Al-Harith bin Dirar had mobilised his men, along with some Arabs, to attack Madinah al-Munawwarah. Buraidah bin al-Haseeb al-Aslami was immediately despatched to verify the reports. He had some words with Abi Dirar, who confirmed his intention of war. He later sent a reconnoiterer to explore the positions of the Muslims but he was captured and killed. The Prophet (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam) summoned his men and ordered them to prepare for war. Before leaving, Sayyiduna Zaid bin Harith was mandated to see to the affairs of Madinah al-Munawwarah and dispose them. On hearing the advent of the Muslims, the disbelievers got frightened and the Arabs who were with them defected and ran away for their lives. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr as-Siddiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu was entrusted with the banner of the Emigrants, and that of the Helpers went to Sa‘d bin ‘Ubada. The two armies were stationed at a well called Muraisi. Arrow shooting went on for an hour, and then the Muslims rushed and engaged with the enemy in a battle that ended in full victory for the Muslims. Some men were killed, women and children of the disbelievers taken as captives, and a lot of booty fell to the lot of the Muslims. Only one Muslim was martyr by mistake by a Helper. Amongst the captives was Sayyidah Juwairiyah, daughter of Al-Harith, chief of the disbelievers.

It is written that after this battle the prisoners were distributed among the soldiers, and Juwairiyah (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anha) fell to the lot of Thaabit bin Qais (or his cousin, according to some reports). Her father took along a number of camels as ransom for his daughter, hoping to buy her freedom. As he was on his way to Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam), he decided to keep back two camels that he liked. So he hide the two camels in a valley just outside Madina Munawwarah and continued with the rest. When he arrived in the presence of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) he presented the camels and asked that these be accepted in lieu of his daughter’s freedom. The Messenger of Allah (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) asked him: “And what about the two camels you hid in the valley?!?!” Haarith was totally flabbergasted. Immediately he uttered the Shahaadha and entered Islam, admitting that none besides Allah could have given information to the Messenger about these camels.

Meanwhile, Sayyidah Juwairiayh had made an agreement with her new master Thaabit to pay for her freedom. This was the famous Mukaatabat Contract in Islam in terms of which slaves could work and buy their freedom for a fixed sum of money. However, Juwairyah had no intention of working for her freedom. She had a better idea. She asked to see Rasoolullah (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam).

In fact, she demanded to see the Prophet Muhammad, with the intention of asking him to help her with the ransom money. At that time The Messenger of Allah was in the house of Sayyidah Ayesha (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anha). She was permitted to see the Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon Him) and was taken to him while he was with Sayyidah A'isha. After she had finished speaking, the Prophet thought for a moment, and then said, "Shall I tell you what would be better than this?"  She said, “And what is that Our Messenger of Allah?” He replied: “I pay your freedom money, and you marry me.”

Moved deeply by this unexpected elevation in her status, she exclaimed she would be more than happy to accept. She was freed, and swearing allegiance to Islam, she married the beloved Prophet (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam). Although Juwairiyah was young and beautiful and of noble lineage, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was thinking of how to save her and all her tribe from an ignoble fate. By marrying Sayyidah Juwairiyah, the Banu Mustaliq would be able to enter Islam with honor, and with the humiliation of their recent defeat removed, so that it would no longer be felt necessary by them to embark on a war of vengeance that would have continued until one of the two parties had been annihilated. As soon as the marriage was announced, all the booty that had been taken from the Banu Mustaliq was returned, and all the captives were set free, for they were now the in laws of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). This is when Sayyidah A'isha said of Sayyidah Juwairiyah, "I know of no woman who was more of a blessing to her people than Juwairiyah bint al-Harith."

Virtues of Sayyidah Juwairiyah (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anha):

Most of the time she would be found engrossed in prayer. It has been related by Juwairiyah that early one morning the Messenger (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam) left her room while she was doing the dawn prayer. He returned later that morning and she was still sitting in the same place. "have you been sitting in the same place since I left you?" he asked. "Yes," she replied. Whereupon the Prophet (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam) said, "I recited four phrases three times after I left you, and if these were to be weighed against what you have been reciting since dawn, they would still outweigh them. They are:

سبحان الله وبحمده عدد خلقه ورضا نفسه وزنة عرشه ومداد كلماته
'Glory be to Allah and Praise be to Him as much as the number of his creations, and His pleasure, and the weight of His Throne, and the ink of His words.'" [Sahih Muslim, Kitab Al-Dhikr, Hadith 6575]

Which reminds us of the following verse of the Holy Qur'an:

قل لو كان البحر مدادا لكلمات ربي لنفد البحر قبل ان تنفد كلمات ربي ولو جئنا بمثله مددا
"Proclaim, 'If the sea became ink for the Words of my Lord, the sea would indeed be used up and the Words of my Lord would never - even if we bring another like it for help.'" [Surah al-Kahf, Verse 109]

Her Demise:

Sayyidah Juwairiyah was married to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) for six years, and lived for another thirty-nine years after his demise. She passed away at the age of sixty-five in Safar in the year 50th after Hijrah during the caliphate of Sayyiduna Mu’awiyah bin Abi Sufyan. The governor of Al-Madinah, Marwan bin Hakam led the funeral prayer and she was buried in Jannat al-Baqi.

يا ايتها النفس المطمئنة ارجعي الى ربك راضية مرضية فادخلي في عبادي وادخلي جنتي
O the contented soul! Return towards your Lord – you being pleased with Him, and He pleased with you! Then enter the ranks of My chosen bondmen! And come into My Paradise! [Surah al-Fajr, Verses 27-30]

11th Safar al-Muzaffar | Mufassir al-Aazam Shaykh Muhammad Ibrahim Rida Jilani Miyan Alaihir raHmah

Mufassir al-Aa'zam Hadrat Allama Jilani Miyan
Muhammad Ibrahim Rida al-Qadiri Alaihir raHmah

Grand Son of AlaHadrat, Qamr al-Aarifeen, Umdat al-Mufasireen, Mufassir al-Azam Hind Jilani Mia Hadrat Allama Mawlana Muhammad Ibrahim Rida Khan was born on the 10th of Rabi ul Aakhir 1325 Hijri (1907) in Bareilly Shareef. His birth pleased his grandfather AlaHadrat Alaihir RaHma dearly. Ala Hadrat Alaihir RaHma called the Azaan and Iqaamah in his ears and chewed a date and placed it in his mouth. AlaHadrat’s Alaihir RaHma brother Ustaz-e-Zaman Hadrat Hassan Raza Khan Alaihir RaHma was also very pleased when he heard of his birth.


AlaHadrat Alaihir RaHma prepared a great feast for his Aqeeqah. All the students of the madrassa were fed according to their taste. In other words, those from Africa were fed according to their taste and those from India were fed according to their taste. AlaHadrat Alaihir RaHma made sure that all the students were very happy during this invitation.


According to the family tradition, he was named Muhammad. His father then added the name Ibrahim. His mother always called him Jilani Mia, and his title was Mufassir-e-Azam Hind Alaihir RaHma.


Umdatul Mufassireen Hadrat Jilani Mia Alaihir RaHma is the forty second Imam and Sheikh of the Silsila Aaliyah Qaaderiyah Barakaatiyah Razviyah Nooriyah.


When he was four years, four months and four days old, then on a Thursday, the 14th of Shabaan 1329, AlaHadrat Alaihir RaHma held a programme for his Bismillah Khwaani (commencement of Islamic studies). AlaHadrat Alaihir RaHma also invited many people and Niyaz was distributed. He studied the Holy Quran and the Urdu language under the care of his beloved mother. When he was 7 years old, he was enrolled into the world renowned Darul Uloom Manzar-e-Islam in Bareilly Shareef. He studied under great Ulama such as Maulana Ahsaan Ali Saahib Muhadith Faizpuri, his father Hujjatul Islam Maulana Haamid Raza Khan and Hadrat Maulana Sardaar Ahmed Muhadith-e-Pakistan (Ridwanullahi Ta’ala Alaihim Ajmaeen). He qualified as an Aalim and Faadil at the age of 19 years and four months, in the year 1344 and Huzoor Hujjatul Islam Alaihir RaHma tied the turban on his head and blessed him with the Khilafat.



Hadrat was very kind and generous. His life was an example of the great Masha’ikh. He always oiled his hair and beard after taking a bath. He wore a loose Punjabi kurta. He sometimes wore a badami colored Kurta, but usually he wore white. His diet was roti, braised meat, Kalabash, herbs and Bhindi. He loved to use itar and if anyone gave him itar, he made sure that it was not some kind of contaminated perfume. He always used both his hands to apply the itar onto his chest and under his arms. He always slept on his right hand side. He never preferred anyone to lie flat on his or her face when sleeping.


Hadrat Mufassir-e-Azam Alaihir RaHma married the daughter of his uncle, Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam Hind Alaihir RaHma. AlaHadrat Imam Ahmed Raza Khan Alaihir RaHma arranged this marriage.


Once Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam Hind Alaihir RaHma said,

“When Huzoor Hujjatul Islam Alaihir RaHma passed away, then Jilani Mia Alaihir RaHma was not here. When he returned, then some people had reservations about his Khilafat, so I said, that if some of them have reservations concerning wheter his blessed father gave him the Khilafat, and I too hereby bestow the Khilafat upon him. Now, none should have any objections. Because of my support for him, many people now supported him and the Madrassa was given into his control.”


In 1372, he made Ziyaarat of Haramain Sharifain. The Ulama of Makkah al-Mukarrama and Madinah al-Munawwarah showed great respect to him, due to his relationship to AlaHadrat Alaihir RaHma and he was blessed with various Ijaazats, for Hadith, Dalaail-e-Khairaat and Hizbul Bahr etc.



He was a very well qualified and experienced teacher. After Fajr Salaah, he would spend some time reading his wazeefas etc. He would then take breakfast and go directly to his classroom. He always entered the Darul Uloom before the students prayed the Salaami to commence classes and he would join them in sending salaams to the Prophet ù. He would then make dua with great sincerity. He used to teach Muslim Shareef, Tirmizi Shareef and Mishkaat Shareef. He also presented the false beliefs of the Najdis and then refuted them with very bright proofs. When teaching Muslim Shareef, he often entered a very highly spiritual state. He used to speak most often in Arabic, and he encouraged the students to do the same.


Hadrat was also a very dynamic orator. Once, there was a two-day programme. He delivered a very dynamic lecture on the first day, and then left. The next day, was the lecture of Hadrat Muhadith-e-Azam Kichauchwi Alaihir RaHma. He says, “In the morning, 20 wahabis, came to me and said that the lecture which was delivered the night before inspired them so much that they realized their beliefs were corrupt, so they made tauba and accepted the (true) Islam.”


He started the monthly AlaHadrat Magazine for the propagation of the teachings of the Ahle Sunnat. This magazine gained great success. Alhumdulillah, this magazine is still in circulation even today.


Hadrat Mufassir-e-Azam Alaihir RaHma was also a very powerful Saahib-e-Karaamat. A few Karaamats are being presented for Barkat. Once a man was bought to Hadrat who was dumb since birth. Hadrat made dua for him, and he began to speak immediately. Many of the tableeghis in that town saw Hadrat’s karaamat and made tauba from their false beliefs.

Once, a couple came to Hadrat and said that their brother-in-law had been false accused of murder and that he was the breadwinner of the family. They requested Hadrat to make dua for his release. Hadrat asked if he was Sunni and they answered in the positive. Hadrat took a piece of paper and wrote the following on it: “Allahu Rabbu Muhammadin Sal’laa alaihi wa sal’lama Nahnu Ibaadu Muhammadin Sal’laa alaihi wa sal’lama” Hadrat said that the prisoner should learn this Durood and recite it in abundance. Hadrat then said that he should tie the taweez with the Durood on his right arm and if Allah Wills, then he will be released. Ten days later, both of them returned with sweets and Niyaz. They also brought a third person with them. They told Hadrat that he was their brother-in-law and that he had been released as he was found not guilty, but the two others who were with him have been given the life sentence. Hadrat entered them both into the Silsila and then advised them to continue with their Salaah and Durood Shareef.


Some of the books written by him are:

  • Zikrullah
  • Nematullah
  • Hujjatullah
  • Fazaail-e-Durood Shareef
  • Tafseer Surah Balad
  • Tashreeh Qasida Nau’mania


Almighty Allah blessed him with five sons and three daughters.

Hadrat Allama Rehan Raza Khan (Rahmatullah Alaih): Born on the 18th Zilhajj in Bareilly Shareef. He is the Mureed and Khalifa of Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam Hind Alaihir RaHma. He was a great teacher, and a very powerful personality. He passed away on the 18th of Ramadaan 1405 (1985). And his Mazaar Shareef is in Bareilly Shareef.

Hadrat Allama Mufti Mohammed Akhtar Raza Khan Hafidhahullah: Taajush Shariah Allama Akhtar Raza Khan Qibla is the present Torch bearer of the Khandaan-e-AlaHadrat Alaihir RaHma. Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam Hind Alaihir RaHma appointed him as his successor during his lifetime. Hadrat still lives in Bareilly Shareef (India).

Dr. Qamar Raza Khan: He lives in Bareilly Shareef and is a very kind and loving personality. He resembles Taajush Shariah Allama Akhtar Raza Khan very closely.

Mawlana Mannan Raza Khan Manaani Mia: He is a very well read personality and is the founder of Jamia Nooria, a Darul Uloom constructed in memory of Huzoor Mufti-e-Azam Hind Alaihir RaHma.

Hadrat Tanweer Raza Khan: He was older than Hadrat Akhtar Raza Khan, and was always in a very highly spiritual state even as a child. He disappeared (Mafqood-ul-Khabr) as a child and has never be seen or heard from since.


His words were always full of knowledge and wisdom. Mufassir-e-Azam Alaihir RaHma always said:

  • My own faults stop me from finding faults in others
  • Slight Absence makes the heart grow fonder and an extensive absence kills the love.
  • The respect of every nation depends on its Ulama
  • Allah gave us two ears and one tongue, so that we listen more and speak less
  • Piety is through good character and not through family ties
  • One who is not the beloved of Allah cannot be your beloved
  • Sabr (patience) is more bitter than poison and sweeter than honey
  • Knowledge without practice is a burden to ones soul
  • Allah gives comfort in the world, to one who does deeds for the hereafter
  • When you have done everything, then you should still think that you have done nothing

He passed from this world on a Monday, the 11th of Safar 1385 Hijri (12 June 1965). The next day, his Janaaza Salaah was prayed at the Islamia Inter College. Mufti Sayyid Muhammad Afzal Hussain performed the Janaaza Salaah Mufti Muhammad Afzal Hussain, Maulana Muhammad Ahsaan Ali, Maulana Sayyid Aarif Ali, Janaab Sayyid Ijaaz Hussain and Janaab Muhammad Ghaus Khan lowered Hadrat into his Mazaar.


His Mazaar Shareef is in the Dargah of AlaHadrat Alaihi raHma wa ar-Ridwan in Bareilly Shareef.

— — —

Extracted from
Tadhkira Mashaikh-e-Qadiriyah Barakatiya Ridawiyah
Urdu: Mawlana Abdul Mujtaba Ridawi | English: Mawlana Aftab Qasim

اعلیٰ حضرت امام احمد رضا خان علیہ الرحمہ کے تجدیدی کارنامے و علوم و فنون کی فہرست


علم تاریخ نے اپنے دامن میں اچھی اور برُی ہر دوصفت کی حامل شخصیات کو سمیٹ کر پناہ دی ہے اس طرح انہیں زمانے کی دست برد اور شکستگی سے محفوظ کردیا ہے تاکہ آئینہ تاریخ میں ماضی کے عکس و نقش کا مشاہدہ حال و استقبال کو جاندار اور شاندار بنانے میں معاون ہو۔ لیکن بعض شخصیات کا پیکرِ احساس اتنا جاندار و شاندار ہوتا ہے کہ جنہیں تاریخ محفوظ رکھنے کا اہتمام کرے یا نہ کرے وہ شخصیات اپنی تاریخ آپ مرتب کرلیتی ہیں اس لئے کہ وہ عہد ساز اور تاریخ ساز ہستیاں ہوتی ہیں یہ شخصیات اپنی پہچان کیلئے مؤرخ کی محتاج نہیں ہوتیں بلکہ ان نادر زمن ہستیوں کے خوبصورت تذکرے کو تاریخ اپنے صفحات کی زینت بنانے کیلئے خود محتاج ہے اور مؤرخ ان کے تذکرے لکھ کر خود کو متعارف کرانے کا محتاج ہوتا ہے۔ ایسی ہی عہد ساز ہستیوں میں ایک مہر درخشاں وہ بھی ہے جسے شرق تا غرب شیخ الاسلام و المسلمین، محدث عصر، فقیہہ دہر، مجدد دین و ملت ، حامی سنّت، قامع بدعت، اعلیٰ حضرت وغیر ہم القابات و خطابات سے پہچانا جاتا ہے ۔ امام احمد رضا فاضل و محدث بریلوی علیہ الرحمۃ کے اسم گرامی کے اعزاز و اکرام کے بارے میں علامہ ہدایت اللہ بن محمود سندھی حنفی قادری مہاجر مدنی علیہ الرحمۃ لکھتے ہیں۔

''وہ (امام احمد رضا علیہ الرحمۃ) اس کے اہل ہیں کہ ان کے نام سے قبل اور بعد میں کوئی بھی فضیلت کا خطاب لگایا جائے۔'' (معارف رضا 1986ء ، صفحہ 102)

مجدد اما م احمد رضا علیہ الرحمۃ علم و فضل کا وہ خورشید ہیں کہ جس کی جلوہ گری انیسویں صدی عیسویں کے نصف آخر تا بیسویں صدی کے ربع اوّل کے عرصہ پر محیط ہے، اور یہ دور جس قدر پر آشوب تھا بلاد اسلامیہ میں کوئی دور بھی ایسا نہیں گذرا، فتنوں کی بیخ کنی اور فسادِ اُمت کے ذمہ دار مفسدین کو بے نقاب کرنے کیلئے امام احمد رضا نے فقہی بصیرت اور مدبرانہ فراست کے ذریعے ملت کی راہنمائی کا جو فریضہ انجام دیا وہ صرف آپ ہی کا خاصہ تھا۔ آپ نے جو شمع عشق رسالت فروزاں کی وہ آج بھی ملت کیلئے مینارہئ نور ہے۔ اور آئندہ بھی اس کی چمک دمک ماند نہیں پڑے گی۔ (انشاء اللہ جل مجدہ، و الرّسول علیہ الصلوٰۃ والسلام)

امام احمد رضا کا سینہ علوم و معارف کا خزینہ اور دماغ فکر و شعور کا گنجینہ تھا، اپنے بیگانے سب ہی معترف ہیں کہ شخصی جامعیت، اعلیٰ اخلاق و کردار، قدیم و جدید وعلوم و فنون میں مہارت ، تصانیف کی کثرت ، فقہی بصیرت ، احیاء سنت کی تڑپ، قوانین شریعت کی محافظت، زہد و عبادت اور روحانیت کے علاوہ سب سے بڑھ کر قیمتی متاع و سرمایہ عشق ختمی مرتبت (علیہ الصلوٰۃ والتسلیم) میں ان کے معاصرین میں ان کا کوئی ہم پلہ نہ تھا اور غالباً نہیں، بلکہ یقینا آج بھی سطور بالا صفات میں عالم اسلام میں امام احمد رضا کا ہمسر کوئی پیدا نہیں ہوا۔ آپ کی اسی انفرادیت کے بارے میں سید ریاست علی قادری علیہ الرحمۃ کہتے ہیں:

''امام احمد رضا کی شخصیت میں بیک وقت کئی سائنس داں گم تھے ، ایک طرف ان میں ابن الہیثم جیسی فکری بصارت اور علمی روشنی تھی تو دوسری طرف جابر بن حیان جیسی صلاحیت، الخوارزمی اور یعقوب الکندی جیسی کہنہ مشقی تھی، تو دوسری طرف الطبری ، رازی اور بو علی سینا جیسی دانشمندی، فارابی ، البیرونی ، عمر بن خیام، امام غزالی اور ابن ارشد جیسی خداداد ذہانت تھی دوسری طرف امام ابو حنیفہ علیہ الرحمۃ کے فیض سے فقیہانہ وسیع النظری اور غوث الاعظم شیخ عبدالقادر جیلانی علیہ الرحمۃ سے روحانی وابستگی اور لگاؤ کے تحت عالی ظرف امام احمد رضا کا ہر رخ ایک مستقل علم و فن کا منبع تھا ان کی ذہانت میں کتنے ہی علم و عالم ،گُم تھے۔'' (معارف رضا جلد ششم صفحہ 124)

شمسی تقویم کی بیسویں صدی عیسوی اور قمری تقویم کی چودھویں صدی ہجری میں شانِ تجدّد اور محی ملت و دین کی حامل ذات امام احمد رضا کے سوا کسی اور کی قرار نہیں دی جاسکتی، اور اس صدی کو جیسے مجدّد و مصلح کی ضرورت تھی وہ تمام کمالات و اوصاف بدرجہ اتم اعلیٰ حضرت میں نظر آتے ہیں۔ دین اسلام کی اساسیات اور ایمان کی جملہ فروعات و جُزئیات پر بیک وقت مشرق و مغرب سے حملے ہورہے تھے ، ایسے موقع پر ضرورت تھی کہ مشرق میں فتنہ اُٹھانے والے مُنافقین کا مقابلہ عشق رسول صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم کے لازوال ہتھیار سے کیا جائے اور مغرب کے مُلحد سائنس دانوں کے کائنات سے متعلق گمراہ کن نظریات کا مقابلہ کلامِ الٰہی کی شایانِ شان تفسیر، ''لَا تَبْدِیْلَ لِکَلِمَاتِ اللّٰہ'' کی بَدیہیات و یقینیات کے اجالے میں کیا جائے۔ چودھویں صدی ہجری میں ملت اسلامیہ کی اصلاح کیلئے جن علمی گوشوں اور شعبہ ہائے حیات میں قولاً و عملاً کام کی ضرورت تھی وہ تمام تقاضے امام احمد رضا علیہ الرحمۃ نے پورے کئے ایک ایک علم پر لکھا ۔۔۔۔۔۔ اور ایک ایک فن پر لکھا ۔۔۔۔۔۔ اور لکھتے ہی چلے گئے ۔۔۔۔۔۔ مردہ علوم کو کئی صدیوں بعد زندہ کیا، بعض علوم اپنی اختراعات سے خود ایجاد فرمائے۔ امام کے اسلوب تحریر میں امام اعظم سے لے کر دیگر علماء و دانشور اور ہئیت دان کے کارناموں سے مزین دوسری صدی تا ساتویں صدی ہجری کی تصویر نظر آنے لگی، اسلامیان ہند ہی نے نہیں بلادِ عرب ومغرب اور افریقہ نے بھی اپنے اسلاف کے ماضی کو جیتا جاگتا محسوس کیا، تہذیب و تمدن اسلامی کے تابناک دور کی روشنی امام احمد رضا کی تحریروں سے پھوٹتی محسوس ہوئی۔
ماہر رضویات ، پروفیسر ڈاکٹر محمد مسعود مظہری مجدّدی ایجاد و اختراع کے حوالے سے تحریر فرماتے ہیں:

''ایجاد و اختراع کا دار و مدار فکر و خیا ل پر ہے، خیال کو اساسی حیثیت حاصل ہے ، قرآن کریم میں خیالوں کی ایک دنیا آباد ہے اور عالم یہ ہے کہ

مجبور یک نظر آ، مختار صد نظر جما!

ہر خیال اپنے دامن میں صدیوں کے تجربات و مشاہدات سمیٹے ہوئے ہے ، جس نے قرآن کی بات مانی اس نے مختصر زندگی میں صدیوں کی کمائی کمالی۔ امام احمد رضا انہیں سعادت مندوں میں سے تھے جنہوں نے سب کچھ قرآن سے پایا، وہ قرآن کا زندہ معجزہ تھے۔ اللہ تعالیٰ نے ان کو علم لدّنی اور فیض سماوی سے نوازا تھا۔'' (امام احمد رضا اور علوم جدیدہ و قدیمہ ، مطبوعہ اداریہ مسعودیہ کراچی، صفحہ ۷/۸)

زمانہ طالب علمی میں ایک مرتبہ امام احمد رضا کو جیومیٹری کی گتھیاں سلجھاتے ہوئے دیکھ کر والد گرامی حضرت مولانا نقی علی خان نے فرمایا، ''بیٹا یہ تمام علوم تو ذیلی و ضمنی ہیں تم علوم دینیہ کی طرف متوجہ رہو، بارگاہِ رسالت سے یہ علوم تمہیں خود عطا کر دیے جاءیں گے۔'' پھر واقعی دنیا نے دیکھا کہ کسی کالج و یونیورسٹی اور کسی سائنسی علوم میں ماہر کی شاگردی کے بغیر تمام سائنسی علوم عقلیہ و نقلیہ حاصل ہوئے اور ایسے مشاق ہوگئے کہ علیگڑھ مسلم یونیورسٹی کے وائس چانسلر ڈاکٹر سر ضیاء الدین کو ریاضی کے ایک لاینحل مسئلہ کے جواب کیلئے امام احمد رضا سے رجوع کرنا پڑا اور امام احمد رضا نے فی البدیہہ جواب لکھ کر دیا، جبکہ ڈاکٹر سر ضیاء الدین صاحب مسئلہ کے حل کیلئے جرمنی جانا چاہتے تھے۔ بریلی کے بوریا نشین کی جدید علوم و فنون پر اس مہارت کو ڈاکٹر سر ضیاء الدین ملاحظہ کرکے حیران و ششدر تو تھے ہی مزید حیرانگی اس وقت بڑھی جب یہ معلوم ہو اکہ اس مولوی صاحب نے کسی غیر ملکی درسگاہ سے علوم جدیدہ کی تحصیل کیلئے کبھی رجوع نہیں کیا بلکہ یہ ذات خود ہی مرجع ہے۔ خلائق میں سے کوئی دنیا کیلئے اور کوئی دین کیلئے یہیں رجوع کرتا ہے۔ ڈاکٹر صاحب نے بے ساختہ کہا کہ علم لدنی کے بارے میں صرف سنا ہی تھا آج آنکھوں سے دیکھ لیا۔ اعلیٰ حضرت نے علوم سائنس میں اپنی خداداد مشاقی کی بنیاد پران علوم کی قد آور شخصیات بابائے طبعیات ڈیمو قریطس (٣٧٠ قبل مسیح) بطلمیوس (قبل مسیح) ، ابن سینا (٩٨٠ تا ١٠٣٧ء) نصیر الدین طوسی (متوفی ٦٧٢ء) ، کوپر نیکس (١٤٧٣ء تا ١٥٤٢ء) کپلر (١٥٧١ ء تا ١٦٣٠ء) ، ولیم ہر شل (سترہویں صدی عیسویں) ، نیوٹن (متوفی ١٧٢٧ء) ملا جونپوری (متوفی ١٦٥٢ء) گلیلیو (١٦٤٢ء) آئن اسٹائن (١٨٧٩ تا ١٩٥٦ء) اور البرٹ ایف پورٹا (١٩١٩ء) کے نظریات کا ردّ اور ان کا تعاقب کیا ہے ، جبکہ ارشمیدس (متوفی ٢١٢ ق۔م) کے نظریہ وزن ، حجم و کمیت ، محمد بن موسیٰ خوارزمی (٢١٥ھ/٨٣١ء ) کی مساوات الجبراء اور اشکال جیومیٹری، یعقوب الکندی (٢٣٥ھ /٨٥٠ء) ، امام غزالی (٤٥٠ھ تا ٥٠٥ھ/١٠٥٩ء تا ١١١٢ء)، امام رازی (٥٤٤ھ تا ٦٠٦ھ /١١٤٩ء تا ١٢١٠ء) کے فلسفہ الہٰیات، ابو ریحان البیرونی (٣٥١ھ تا ٤٤٠ھ/٩٧٣ء تا ١٠٤٨ء) ، ابن الہیثم (٤٣٠ھ/١٠٣٩ء) ، عمر الخیام (٥١٧ھ /١١٢٣ء) کے نظریاتِ ہیّت و جغرافیہ، ڈیمو قریطس کے نظریہ ایٹم اور جے جے ٹامس کے نظریات کی تائید کی اور دلائل عقلیہ سے پہلے آیات قرآنیہ پیش کیں۔ امام احمد رضا پر یہ عطا ۔۔۔۔۔۔ یہ نوازش ۔۔۔۔۔۔ یہ کرم ۔۔۔۔۔۔ یہ عنایت ۔۔۔۔۔۔ یہ التفات ۔۔۔۔۔۔ یہ فیض ۔۔۔۔۔۔ سب کچھ محض اس بنا پر تھا کہ اعلیٰ حضرت کو اسلام کی عظیم انقلابی قوت جذبہ عشق رسول صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم حاصل تھا اور اسی والہانہ عشق سے مسلمانوں کی دینی ترقی ، سیاسی کامیابی ، علم کی ترویج ، معاشی و عمرانی استحکام اور ثقافتی و تمدنی الغرض ہر سطح کی کامیابیاں و کامرانیاں وابستہ ہیں حقیقت ہے کہ جسے محبت رسول کا صادق جذبہ ہاتھ آگیا دین و دنیا کی تما م دولت اسی کے دامن میں آکر سمٹ جاتی ہیں ، امام احمد رضا کا یہی تجدیدی کارنامہ ہے جس کے سب ہی معترف ہیں۔

دنیا میں جہاں کہیں بھی غلبہ دین اسلام یا احیاء اسلامی کی تحریکیں اٹھی ہیں وہ عشق رسول علیہ الصلوٰۃ والسلام کی مرہونِ منت رہی ہیں انگلستان کے ایک مشہور مستشرق پروفیسر ایچ ۔ اے گب نے اپنی کتاب اسلامک کلچر میں لکھا ہے،

''تاریخ اسلام میں بارہا ایسے مواقع آئے ہیں کہ اسلام کے کلچر کا شدت سے مقابلہ کیاگیا ہے لیکن بایں ہمہ مغلوب نہ ہوسکا اس کی بڑی وجہ یہ ہے کہ صوفیا کا اندازِ فکر فوراً اس کی مدد کو آجاتا تھا اور اس کو اتنی قوت و توانائی بخش دیتاتھا کہ کوئی طاقت اس کا مقابلہ نہ کرسکتی تھی۔" (اسلامک کلچر ، صفحہ ٢٦٥، مطبوعہ لندن ١٩٤٢ء)

صوفیا کا یہی پیغام ''محبت رسول صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم '' تھا کہ جسے اعلیٰ حضرت نے اپنی تمام زندگی اپنا کر اپنی تصنیفات و تالیفات کی روشنائی کے ذریعے ملت اسلامیہ کو منور کیا، آپکو معلوم تھا کہ اگر مسلمانوں کے دل عشق رسالت مآب صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم سے خالی ہوگئے تو پھر دنیا کی کوئی طاقت بھی نہ تو انہیں اپنی کھوئی عظمت واپس دلا سکتی ہے اور نہ اصلاح و تجدید کی ہزاروں تحریکیں انہیں اپنی منزل مراد تک پہنچا سکتی ہیں۔ مغربی استعمار کی مذمو م سازش یہی تھی کہ مسلمانوں میں سے جذبہ عشقِ رسول صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کو نکال دیا جائے، جس کی طرف شاعر مشرق ڈاکٹر اقبال نے بھی یوں اشارہ کیا ہے:۔

یہ فاقہ کش جو موت سے ڈرتا نہیں ذرا
روح محمد اس کے بدن سے نکال دو

فکر عرب کو دے کے فرنگی تخیلات
اسلام کو حجاز و یمن سے نکال دو
اعلیٰ حضرت کا یہ تجدیدی کارنامہ ہے کہ آپ نے نبی کریم صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم کے بشری و انسانی اوصاف و کمالات کے ساتھ ساتھ معجزاتی و نورانی پہلوؤں کے بلند و بالا کمالات نبوت اور فضائل و شمائل کو احاطہ تحریر میں لاکر ملت اسلامیہ کی روحانی اقدار کو تنزلی کا شکار ہونے سے بچالیا ، آپ نے اپنی علمی درسگاہ اور روحانی خانقاہ بریلی سے ، اس پر فتن دور میں ملتِ اسلامیہ کے سفینے کو ساحل مراد تک پہنچانے کیلئے جو کچھ ضروری تھا وہ اقدامات کیے۔ ہندوستان کے مشہور و ممتاز عالم و ادیب مولانا عبدالجبار رہبر اعظمی اپنے مقالہ میں نہایت جامعیت سے اعلیٰ حضرت کا تذکرہ یوں فرماتے ہیں،

''جب شاطرانِ مذہب نے قرآن کے تراجم میں کتر بیونت کرکے اسلامیوں کے عقائد پر حملہ کرنا چاہا تو اس قوم کو قرآن عظیم کا صحیح ترجمہ دیا، جب فریب کاروں نے اس کی تفسیر میں اپنی رائے شامل کرکے قوم کو گمراہ کرنا چاہا تو مسلمانوں کو ہوشیار رکھنے کیلئے''تمہید ایمان بآیات القرآن'' دیا، جب اہل ضلالت نے ملت کو سنت کا نام لیکر احادیث کے غلط معانی و مطالب بتانے شروع کیے تو اس نے اہلِ ایمان کو سینکڑوں کتابیں دیں۔ جب اہل بدعت نے تقلید کے لباس میں غیر مقلدیت اور فقہ کے روپ میں حیلہ سازیوں اور گمراہیوں سے امت کے اعتقادات و اعمال کو زخمی کرنا چاہا تو اس نے قوم کو وہ لازوال فتاویٰ دیے جو اپنے دلائل و براہین سے ہمیشہ تابندہ رہیں گے۔ دشمنانِ اسلام نے جب اس ذات قدوس اور بے عیب خدا پر کذب کے معنی درست کرکے اسلامی عقیدہ توحید پر ضرب لگانے کی کوشش کی تو اس کا قلم ان کیلئے شمشیر خار شگاف بنا، جب شاتمانِ نبوت نے مسلمانوں کے عقائد نبوت کو مجروح کرنا چاہا تو اس کا قلم ان پر ذوالفقارِ حیدری بن کر ٹوٹا۔ جب دین و مذہب کے ڈاکوؤں نے مومنوں کے سینوں سے عظمت مصطفی صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم کو چھین لینے کا خواب دیکھا تو ان کے خوابوں کے قلعے کو تعبیر سے پہلے اسکی زبان، قلم اور عمل نے مسمار کر کے رکھ دیا، جب مکاروں نے پیری اور شیخی کے لبادے اوڑھ کر ملت کے دل کے فانوس میں بزرگانِ دین و عمائدین اسلام کی عقیدت کے جلتے چراغ کو بجھانے کیلئے ناپاک تمناؤں کے محلات تعمیر کئے تو اس نے سعی پیہم سے ان کو زمین بوس کرکے تہس نہس کردیا۔ جب مولویت نما عیاروں نے آثار اسلام اور مقامات مقدسہ کی عزمت و حرمت کو غلامان محمد صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم کے دماغ سے نکال پھینکنے کی جرأت کی تو اس کی زبان پاک اور قلم بیباک نے ان کی چالاکیوں کے پردوں کو چاک کیا سنئے کہ یہ ایک تاریخی حقیقت ہے، مسیح موعود کے نام کا فتنہ ہو یا مہدی معہود کے نام کا ، شانِ نبوت کی توہین کا ہو یا فضائل رسالت کی تنقیص کا ، نیچریت کا ہو یا دہریت کا ، تقلیدی ہو یا غیر مقلدیت کا ، تفضیلیت کا ہو یا رافضیت کا ، خارجیت کا ہو یا بدعیت کا ان تمام فتنوں کے سینوں میں اس کا قلم اسلام و سنیت کی شمشیر و سناں بن کر اُترگیا اور اس کی زبانِ حق ترجمان اسلامیوں کیلئے سپر بن گئی۔

وہ رضا کے نیزے کی مار ہے کہ عدو کے سینے میں غار ہے
کسے چارہ جوئی کا وار ہے ؟ کہ یہ وار وار سے پار ہے

(ماہنامہ قاری دہلی امام احمد رضا صفحہ ٢٧٠)

امام احمد رضا کے تمام مجددانہ کمالات جذبہ عشق رسول میں مضمر ہیں۔

جب عشق سکھاتا ہے آداب خود آگاہی
کھلتے ہیں غلاموں پر اسرار شہنشاہی

امام احمد رضا کے علم نے تمام شعبہ ہائے علوم کا آپ کی شخصیت نے بحیثیت قائد و راہنما تمام شعبہ ہائے حیات کا احاطہ کیا ہوا ہے۔ جناب سید محمد جیلانی بن سید محامد اشرف ایڈیٹر ''المیزان'' بمبئی امام احمد رضا کے تبحر علمی کے متعلق یوں ر قمطراز ہوتے ہیں،

''اگر ہم ان کی علمی و تحقیقی خدمات کو ان کی 66 سالہ زندگی کے حساب سے جوڑیں تو ہر 5 گھنٹے میں امام احمد رضا ایک کتاب ہمیں دیتے نظر آتے ہیں ، ایک متحرک ریسرچ انسٹیٹیوٹ کا جو کام تھا امام احمد رضانے تن تنہا انجام دے کر اپنی جامع شخصیت کے زندہ نقوش چھوڑے۔" (المیزان، امام احمد رضا نمبر مارچ ١٩٧٦ء)

سچ کہا ہے شاعر نے۔

وادی رضا کی کوہِ ہمالہ رضا کا ہے
جس سمت دیکھئے وہ علاقہ رضا کا ہے

اگلوں نے بہت کچھ لکھا ہے علم دین پر
لیکن جو اس صدی میں ہے تنہا رضا کا ہے

امام احمد رضا کی ایک ہزار سے زائد تصنیفات (مطبوعہ و غیر مطبوعہ) کے جائزہ کے بعد محققین کی قطعی جدید تحقیق کے مطابق یہ بات پورے وثوق سے کہی جا سکتی ہے کہ ایک سو بیس١٢٠ قدیم و جدید، دینی ، ادبی، اور سائنسی علوم پر امام احمد رضا علیہ الرحمۃ کو دسترس حاصل تھی۔ راقم نے زیر نظر مضمون کے آخر میں ١٢٠ علوم و فنون کا شماریاتی جدول دے دیا ہے تاکہ کوئی اس تعداد کو مبالغہ نہ سمجھے۔

١٢٠ علوم میں ٤٠ یا اس سے زائد کا تعلق دینی علوم کی اساس و فروع سے ہے جبکہ ادب سے متعلق ١٠ روحانیت سے متعلق ٨ تنقیدات و تجزیہ و موازنہ سے متعلق ٦ اور طب و ادویات سے متعلق ٢ علوم کے علاوہ بقایا ٥٤ علوم کا تعلق علوم عقلیہ (سائنس) سے ہے ۔ امام احمد رضا محدث و مجدد بریلوی کی سائنسی علوم پر کتب و رسائل کی تعداد ایک سو پچاس سے زائد ہیں۔ پروفیسر ڈاکٹر مجید اللہ قادری صاحب لکھتے ہیں:

''امام احمد رضا نے یہ رسائل (جدید علوم و سائنس) اُردو، فارسی، اور عربی تینوں زبانوں میں تحریر فرمائے ہیں۔ بعض رسائل و کُتب کی ضخامت سو صفحات سے بھی زیادہ ہے۔'' (دیباچہ حاشیہ جامع الافکار ، صفحہ ٣)

اعلیٰ حضرت کے علوم کی فہرست کے مطالعہ سے قبل قارئین کے علم میں یہ بات ضرور ہونی چاہئے کہ فاضل بریلوی علیہ الرحمۃ نے حافظ کتب الحرم شیخ اسماعیل خلیل مکی کو جو عربی میں سند اجازت دی ہے اس میں 55 علوم و فنون کا ذکر فرمایا ہے محدث بریلوی کے اپنے قلم فیض رقم سے مندرجہ 55 علوم و فنون کی فہرست نہایت جامع ہے جس میں بعض علوم فی زمانہ متعدد شاخوں و شعبوں میں تقسیم ہوگئے ہیں اور ان کی شناخت کیلئے علیحدہ عنوانات ماہرینِ تعلیم مختص کر چکے ہیں۔ امام احمد رضا کی تصنیفات میں مرقوم مضامین ان علوم سے بھی بحث کرتے نظر آتے ہیں کہ جن کا تذکرہ امام احمد رضا نے اپنے علوم کی فہرست میں نہیں کیا ہے آپ کو ان پر دسترس حاصل تھی مثلاً ، معیشت اور اس کے ضمنی علوم تجارت، بینکاری، اقتصادیات اور مالیات کا اعلیٰ حضرت نے شمار نہیں کیا لیکن اسلامیان ہند کی فلاح کیلئے تدابیر بیان کرتے ہوئے مجدد اعظم کی ذات میں ماہر بنکار، وزیر خزانہ و مالیات اور معلم اقتصادیات کی جھلک صاف نظر آتی ہے۔ امام احمد رضا علیہ الرحمۃ کے بیان کردہ علوم کی ترتیب یوں ہے

(١) علم القران (٢) حدیث (٣) اصول حدیث (٤) فقہ حنفی (٥) کتب فقہ جملہ مذاہب (٦) اصولِ فقہ (٧) جدل مہذب (٨) علم تفسیر (٩) عقائد و کلام (١٠) نحو (١١) صرف (١٢)معانی (١٣) بیان (١٤) بدیع (١٥) منطق (١٦) مناظرہ (١٧) فلسفہ (١٨) تکسیر (١٩) ھئیات (٢٠) حساب (٢١) ہندسہ (٢٢) قرأت (٢٣) تجوید (٢٤) تصوف (٢٥) سلوک (٢٦) اخلاق (٢٧) اسماء الرجال (٢٨) سیر (٢٩) تاریخ (٣٠) لغت (٣١) ادب معہ جملہ فنون (٣٢) ارثما طیقی (٣٣) جبر و مقابلہ (٣٤) حساب سینی (٣٥) لوگارثمات (٣٦) توقیت (٣٧) مناظرہ مرایا (٣٨) علم الاکر (٣٩) زیجات (٤٠) مثلث کروی (٤١) مثلث سطح (٤٢) ہیاۃ جدیدہ (٤٣) مربعات (٤٤) جفر (٤٥) زائرچہ (٤٦) نظم عربی (٤٧) نظم فارسی (٤٨) نظم ہندی (٤٩) نثر عربی (٥٠) نثر فارسی (٥١) نثر ہندی (٥٢) خط نسخ (٥٣) نستعلیق (٥٤) تلاوت مع تجوید (٥٥) علم الفرائض [الاجازۃ الرضویہ]

اب آپ ١٢٠ علوم کی مفصل فہرست ملاحظہ فرمائیں تاہم محققین اور علماء کرام سے ملتمس ہوں کہ استدراک پر فقیر کی اصلاح بھی فرمائیں۔

امام احمد رضا کی علمی و تحقیقی کہکشاں کے ١٢٠ ستاروں کی فہرست

Recitation of the Holy Quran

Phonograph Spelling

Explanation of Quran

اصولِ تفسیر
Principal of Explanation

رسم الخط القرآن
Writership In Different style of Quranic letters

علم حدیث
Tradition of the Holy Prophet

اصول حدیث
Principal of Allah's Messenger's Tradition

اسانید حدیث
Documentary Proof of Traditions Citation of Authorities

اسماء الرجال
Cyclopedia of Narrator Tradition Branch of knowledge Judging Merits

جرح و تعدیل
Critical Examination

تخریج احادیث
References to Traditions

لغت حدیث
Colloquial Language of Traditions

Islamic Law

اصول فقہ
Islamic Jurisprudence

رسم المفتی
Legal Opinion Judicial Verdict

علم الفرائض
Law of Inheritance and Distribution

علم الکلام
Scholastic Philosophy

علم العقائد
Article of Faith

علم البیان

علم المعانی

علم البلاغت
Figure of Speech

علم المباحث


علم الصرف
Etymology Morphology

علم النحو
Syntax - Arabic Grammar

علم الادب

علم العروض
Science of Prosody

علم البرو البحر
  Knowledge of Land and Oceans

علم الحساب


Astronomical Tables

Fractional Numeral Maths

علم الہندسہ

جبر ومقابلہ (الجبرائ)

مثلثات (مسطح وکروی)

ارثما طیقی
Greek Arithmetic

علم تقویم


علم جفر
Numerology Cum Literology


Reckoning of Time

اوفاق (علم الوفق)


Study in form of Heavens


علم مساحت الارض
Geodesy Survey - Mensuration



مابعد الطبیعات



طب و حکمت
Indigenous System of Medicine


Botany - Phytonomy


Political Economy



Trade - Commerce


Agricultural Study

Phonetics- Phonology

Ecology - Environment

Politics - Strategy


علم الاوزان


علم عملیات

سیرت نگاری
Biography of Holy Prophet

حاشیہ نگاری

نثر نگاری


Detailed Comments

Research Study

  Critique Philosophy



حمدو نعت
Hamd - wa - Naat

فلسفہ (قدیم و جدید)


تاریخ گوئی
Compose Chronograph

علم الایام
Knowledge of days

تعبیر الرویاء
Interpretation of Dreams

رسم الخط نستعلیق، شکستہ و مستقیم





پندو نصائح

اذکار (اوراد و وظائف)
Prayers and Supplications

نقوش و تعویزات و مربعات
Matrices, Amulets, Symbols

علم الادیان
Comparative Religions

ردّ موسیقی
Refutation of the Music




علم الانساب

Preference Study

زائرچہ و زائچہ



Spiritual Study

علم الاخلاق

تاریخ و سیر
History & Biography




علم تخلیق کائنات


علم البدیع
Science Dealing with Rhetorical - Devices

Linguistics - Languages, Philology

نظم عربی و فارسی و ہندی
Arabic, Persian & Hindi Poetry

نثرعربی و فارسی و ہندی
Arabic, Persian & Hindi Composition

ھئیت (قدیم و جدیدہ)
Old & Modern Astronomy

ارضی طبیعات
Geo Physics

علم خلیات


علم الاحکام
Take & Put References of Ordinances

علم قیافہ

سالماتی حیاتیات
Molecular Biology
معارف کا سمندر موجزن ہے جس کے سینے میں ۔۔۔ وہ مقبولِ درِ خیر البشر احمد رضا تم ہو

— — —
تحریر: علامہ نسیم احمد صدیقی مد ظلہ عالی
پیشکش: انجمن ضیائے طیبہ، کراچی، پاکستان

Concept of Revivalist [Mujaddid] in Islam

All praise is to Allah, the Lord Of The Creation. The Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. Owner of the Day of Recompense. Who blessed us being the Ummah of His Beloved Rasool Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam. Who sanctified our hearts with the Love and Affection towards His Beloved Rasool Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam. Who blessed us the with the most precious treasure of Iman (Faith). Countless Salutations, Peace and Blessings be upon the Cream of the Creation... Mercy for all Worlds... Seal of the Prophets Sayyiduna wa Mawlana MuHammadur Rasoolullah Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam, His Blessed Parents, His entire Family, His Progeny, His Companions and His Followers!!

Sayyiduna Abu-Hurayrah Radi ALLAHu Anho narrates that Sayyiduna Rasoolullah Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam said:

ان الله تعالى يبعث لهذه الامة على رأس كلّ مائة سنة من يجدد لها دينها
Verily Allah will send at the beginning of every century such a person for this Ummah who will rejuvenate and restore their religion (Deen).

Above stated Hadith is recorded by the following Hadith Masters:

Imam Abu-Dawood, and Imam Hakim in his Mustadrak, Imam Bayhaqee in his Al-Ma'rifah, reported by the great Hadith Master Imam Jalal al-Deen Suyootee in his al-Jama'e al-Sagheer fi Hadith al-Basheer wal-Nazeer, Imam Bayhaqee also narrates in his Al-Mudkhal and Imam Hasan bin Sufyan and Imam Bazar both in their Musnads, Imam Tabranee in his al-Mu'jam al-al-Awsat, Imam Ibn 'Adee in his Kamil and Imam Abu-Na'eem in his al-Hil'ya

Commenting on the authenticity of the above Hadith Shareef, Allama Imam Isma'il Haqqi records in his marginal notes of Siraj al-Muneer Sharh Jame'h al-Sagheer:

"My Shaykh said that there is a consensus of the Hadith Masters that this Hadith is Sahih."

Amongst the later Hadith Masters that verified this Hadith Sharif as Sahih are Imam Allama Abul-Fadl Iraqi and Imam Allama ibn Hajr and amongst the predecessor Masters, Imam Hakim author of Sahih al-Mustadrak and Imam Bayhaqee author of al-Mudkhal.
Blessed Grave of Ameer al-Mu'mineen Hadrat Sayyiduna Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz
Radi Allahu Anhu, the Mujaddid of 1st Century (After the Prophetic Period)

Imam Jalal al-Din Suyooti in his Mirqat al-Saud's marginal notes of Sunan Abu-Dawood records:

اتفق الحفاظ على تصحيحه
It is a consensus of the Muhadditheen (Hadith Masters) that this Hadith is Sahih.

In other the words, when there comes a period in which there is a shortage of knowledge and a deterioration in following of the Sunnah; when there is an increase in false innovations and ignorance; then Almighty Allah will send a person at the beginning or end of every century who will show the difference between Sunnah and Bid'at. He will refute and destroy false innovations and will fear none but Almighty Allah. He will very bravely and sincerely hoist the flag of Deen-e-Muhammadi (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam). Such a person is known as a "Mujaddid" (Reviver) of Deen.

The author of the book, "Siraj al-Munir Sharh Jame'h al-Saghir", has explained who a Mujaddid is in the following words:

"In other words, to revive the Deen is to revive those teachings of the Quran and Sunnah that are being destroyed and to give command according to the Quran and Sunnah."

Allamah Munaadi (Alaihir raHma) states:

"A Mujaddid is one who separates Sunnah from Bid'ah and one who degrades the status of the Ahle Bid'ah."
Blessed Shrine of Sayyiduna Imaam MuHammad Ibn Idris al-Shafa'ee
Radi Allahu Anhu, the Mujaddid of 2nd Century

Why does a Mujaddid come after 100 years?

A Mujaddid is sent after every 100 years because after every century the surroundings, the environment, the manner of thinking and ways of the people tend to pass through a massive transformation. It has been stated in the Hadith of Bukhari Shareef that during the latter stages of the Prophet's (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) physical life, one night, after performing Esha Salaah, he stood up and said,

"Should I inform you of the importance of this night? From this night onwards, right up to the end of a 100 years, that person who is alive on the earth (presently) will not be alive."

The concept of Tajdeed (Revival) of Deen

The correct meaning or concept of Tajdeed (Revival) is that one or more qualities are found in a person through which Ummat-e-Muhammadiyya benefit religiously e.g. imparting Islamic education, lecturing, and propagation, informing and forbidding people of evil and assisting the truthful.
The Shaykh of Shaykhs, The axis of the human race [Qutb al-Anaam], The upholder of the Sunnah,
The suppressor of heretical innovation, The pillar of the Shari'ah, The mainstay of the Haqiqah,
The signpost of the Tariqah, The chief of the saints, The leader of the pure,
Shaykh Muhyi ‘d-Din Abu Muhammad ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani
Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho, the Mujaddid of 5th Century

The Qualities of a Mujaddid

  • It is not necessary that a Mujaddid be from the Ahle-Bayt as claimed by the Shias and other sects.
  • It is not necessary that a Mujaddid be a Mujtahid.
  • What is absolutely necessary is that he be a Sunni with correct beliefs according to the Ahle-Sunnah wa Jamah.
  • He be profound Aalim of Deen.
  • He be a Master and embodiment of most of the Sciences of Knowledge.
  • He be an outstanding Scholar of his time.
  • His services for the Deen be purely for the pleasure of Allah and His Rasool and not for greed of wealth and other worldly gain.
  • He be fearless of opposition and rulers of his time.
  • He will not act or give verdicts to please any person besides Allah and His Rasool.
  • He will not fear speaking or advocating Truth in all circumstances.
  • He will not use Religion to gain worldly fame.
  • He will be a very pious and Allah fearing person.
  • He will perfect mixture of the Shari'ah and Tari'qah.
  • He will not tolerate any opposition to the Shari'ah.
  • And according to 'Allama Imam Isma'il Haqqee, it is necessary for a Mujaddid that both in the last portion of the century he was born in and the beginning of the century he passes away in, he be famous and be a fountain and focal authority of religion for the Ulama of his time.
  • It is also necessary for a Mujaddid that the Scholars (Ulama) of his time observe, benefit and be convinced of his impeccable lifestyle and profound knowledge and hence acknowledge and announce in public that he is a Mujaddid.
  • Therefore it is important that a Mujaddid be a perfect embodiment and Alim of both the external (Shari'ah) and internal (Spiritual) sciences of Knowledge promoting the protecting the Sunnah and fighting and destroying Bid'ah.
Sultan al-Hind, the Great Master, the Helper, the Patron of the Poor, Hadrat Sayyiduna Khwaja
Mo'in al-Din Chishti Ajmeri Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho, the Mujaddid of 6th Century

Identification of a Mujaddid

Shaykh al-Islam Imam Badr al-Deen Abdal states in his book, Risalah Mardiyyah fi al-Nusrat Madhab al-Ash'riyyah:

"A Mujaddid is recognized by the strong opinion of his contemporary noble Ulama who greatly benefit from his condition and prolific Knowledge. He will be an embodiment of both external and internal sciences of Knowledge supporting and defending the Sunnah and challenging and defeating Bid'ah."

Can their be more than one Mujaddid to a century?

There can be more, and there has already been more than one Mujaddid to a Century. In the Hadith, the Arabic word that is used to explain the coming of the Mujaddid is in the singular tense, but according to the meaning, it is a plural as it has been explained in the Kitaabs of Usool-e-Fiqh. Allamah Mulla Ali bin Sultan Qaari (Alaihir rahmah) who is also said to be the Mujaddid of the 11th Century says,

"From the words, not only one single person is implied, but the implication is towards a group of people, from amongst whom each one is reforming a single type of knowledge or all types of knowledge in his city."

So, Sometimes a single Mujaddid is born in a century and sometimes there are two or a group in one given century when a consensus cannot be reached on one person. There are time when an Alim be in the middle of century who may be more knowledgeable and excellent than the Mujaddid, but he will not be classified as a Mujaddid because he did not get the early stages of the century. This is so because generally when the century ends many of the great Ulama also pass away and great dissension and Fitna engulfs the Ummah. Bid'ah and religious corruption creeps into the masses who tend to deviate from the pristine teachings of Islam. At this crucial period there is a great need for revival and renaissance in matters of Deen. At this critical time Allah sends such an Aalim who removes all evil and religious corruption from the Ummah by publicly announcing and refuting them. He will be the best of people and most awesome amongst the dignitaries of his time.
Blessed Shrine of Imam ar-Rabbani, Mujaddid Alf-e-Thani Shaykh Ahmad Sarhindi
Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu, the Mujaddid of 11th Century

List of Possible Mujaddids (Revivalists)

First Century (after the Prophetic period) [August 3, 718]

Ameer al-Mu'minin Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz (682 - 720)
Imam-e-Azam Abu Hanifa an-Nu'man (699 - 767)
Ibn Sireen (8th century)

Second Century [August 10, 815]

Imam Muhammad ibn Idris ash-Shafi`i (767 - 820)
Imam Hasan al-Basri (642 - 728 or 737)
Imam Malik ibn Anas (715 - 796)
Imam Muhammad bin Hassan Shaibani

Third Century [August 17, 912]

Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal (780 - 855)
Imam Abu al-Hasan al-Ash'ari.

Fourth Century [August 24, 1009]

Imam al-Bayhaqi
Imam Tahtaawi
Imam Isma'eel bin Hammaad Ja'fari
Imam Abu Jaafar bin Jareer Tibri
Imam Abu Haatim Raazi

Fifth Century [September 1, 1106]

Hudrat Ghawth al Azam Shaykh Abdul-Qadir Gilani
Imam Al-Ghazali (1058–1111)
Imam Abu Naeem Isfahani
Imam Abul Hussain Ahmad bin Muhammad Abi Bakr-il-Qaadir
Imam Hussain bin Raaghib

Sixth Century [September 9, 1203]

Hadrat Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti Garib Nawaz
Imam Fakhr al-Din al-Razi
Shaykh Ahamd Kabir Rifa'ee
Allamah Imam Umar Nasfi,
Imam Qaazi Fakhrud'Deen Hassan Mansoor,
Imam Abu Muhammad Hussain bin Mas'ood Fara'a

Seventh Century [September 5, 1300]

Imam Taqiyuddin As-Subki
Imam Shaykh Shahbuddeen Suharwardi
Imam Shaykh Akbar Muhi'yuddeen Muhammad ibn Arabi
Allamah Imam Abul Fadhl Jamaaluddeen Muhammad bin Afriqi Misri
Imam Abul Hassan Uz'zuddeen Ali bin Muhammad Ibn Atheer,

Eighth Century (September 23, 1397)

Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani
Imam Taaj'uddeen bin Ata'ullah Sikandari
Kwaja Nizaamuddeen Awliyah Mahboob-e-Ilahi
Imam Umar bin Mas'ood Taftazaani

Ninth Century [October 1, 1494]

Imam Hafiz Jallaluddeen Abu Bakr Abdur Rahmaan Suyuti
Imam Nooruddeen bin Ahmad Misri
Imam Muhammad bin Yusuf Karmani
Imam Shamsuddeen Abul Kheyr Muhammad bin Abdur Rahmaan Sakhawi,
Allamah Imam Sayed Shareef Ali bin Muhammad Jarmaani

Tenth Century [October 19, 1591]

Imam Shahabuddeen Abu Bakr Ahmad bin Muhammad Khatib Qistalaani
Imam Muhammad Sharbini,
Allamah Sheikh Muhammad Taahir Muhaddith

Eleventh Century [October 26, 1688]

Imam-e-Rabbani Mujaddid Alf Sani Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi
Sultaanul Arifeen Imam Muhammad Baahu
Imam Ali bin Sultaan Qaari

Twelfth Century [November 4, 1785]

Sultan al-Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram Abul Muzaffar Muhiyy al-Din Muhammad Aurangzaib Alamgir
Imam Abdul Ghani Naablisi
Sheikh Ahmad Mulla Jeewan
Al-Qutb Abd Allah al-Haddad
Allamah Mawlana Imam Abul Hassan Muhammad bin Abdul Haadi Sindhi,

Thirteenth Century [November 12, 1882]

Allamah Imam Ahmad bin Ismaeel Tahtaawi
Allamah Shah Abdul Azeez Muhaddith-e-Delhwi
Imam Abdul Ali Luckhnowi
Imam Sheikh Ahmad Saadi Maaliki

Fourteenth Century [November 21, 1979]

Shaykh al Islam wal Muslimeen, Mujaddid al-Aazam AlaHadrat Ash-Shah Imam Ahmad Rida Khan al-Qadiri
Shaykh Yusuf bin Ismail bin Muhammad Nasir al-Din an-Nabhani
Muhaddith al-Akbar Shaykh Badr al-Din al-Hasani

-[Ridwanullahi Ta'ala Alaihim Ajma'een]-
Mujaddid al-Din wa al-Millah, Faqih al-Ummah, Mufassir al-Islam, Muhaddith al-Zaman,
Shaykh al-Islam, Hujjat al-Muhaddithin, Sanad al-Muhaqqiqin, Imam al-Mutaqqin,
Imam Ahl as-Sunnah, AlaHadrat ash-Shah Imam Ahmad Rida Khan
Alaihir raHmah wa ar-Ridwan, the Mujaddid of 14th Century

Mujaddid of the 14th Century | AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan al-Baraylawi Alaihir raHmah

The Reviver (Mujaddid) of the 14th Century
AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan Alaihir raHmah

Imam Ahmed Rida Khan [d. 1340h/1921 CE] was a champion of the Sunni World in the twentieth century as he defended the belief system of Sunni Muslims and rejected the false and deviant ways head on with support from the greatest Ulama worldwide.

He restored the deen to its original state in India when falsehood was being mixed with the truth and people were confused about Sunni beliefs and practices. Such a person is known as a “Mujaddid”.

Hadrat Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings upon him) said:

“There will always be in my Ummah a group who safeguard the truth until Qiyamah comes” [Hakim’s Mustadrak]

Hadrat Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates the Noble Prophet (upon him peace and blessings) said:

“Allah shall send for this Ummah at the head of every hundred years a person who shall revive their Deen for them”

Family History

Imam Ahmed Rida son of Mufti Naqi ‘Ali son of Mufti Muhammad Rida. He was born in a scholarly family on the 10th of Shawwal (1856 CE) in Bareilly, India.

His forefathers were originally from Kandahar, Afghanistan, and migrated to and settled in India.

Studies & Discipleship

Imam Ahmed Rida studied twenty one traditional Islamic sciences under his father, and mastered over fifty traditional sciences most of which were poured into his heart from Allah Almighty as he mentioned in al-Ijaazat al-Mateenah.

He wrote his first ever fatwa on 14th Sha’ban 1286h on an issue of fostering (when he was only 13 years, 10 months and 4 days old!)

Imam Ahmed Rida took his spiritual pledge (bay’ah/ahd) and received khilafah in various Sufi pathways from his spiritual teacher , Sayyid Shah Aal-e-Rasul Ahmadi from Marehrah, India, in 1296H.

Travels to Hajj

First Hajj: In 1295h (1878 CE), at the age of 22, the great Imam traveled to perform Hajj with his father where he received Ijazahs (licenses to teach) in the traditional sciences from the great scholars of Makkah such as Sayyid Ahmad Zayni Dahlan and Mufti Abdullah bin Abd ar-Rahman Siraaj.

Event: It is narrated that Imam Ahmed Rida was near Maqam Ibrahim after Maghrib salah one evening that the Shafi’I Imam of Masjid al-Haraam Shaykh Salih Jamal al-Layl Makki (d.1320h/1884) greeted him and said: “I swear by Allah, I can see the light of Allah shine in your forehead” and presented Ijazahs to him.

Second Hajj: In 1323h (1906 CE), Imam Ahmed Rida travelled to the Two Holy sanctuaries for the second time in company of his brother, Mawlana Hassan Raza Khan and son, Mawlana Hamid Raza Khan.

Event: He wrote a book called “Al-Dawlah al-Makkiyyah” in Arabic in this journey in just over eight hours without using any books on a question proposed to him by the Sharif of Makkah on the Noble Prophet ‘s (may Allah give him peace and blessings) knowledge of the unseen (ilm al-gayb). This work received a tremendous acceptance in its recital gathering in the presence of the Sharif which was attended by the prominent scholars of the time.

In the same journey, he had numerous meetings of knowledge and circles with the great Ulama who were either teaching, living or traveling in Hijaz. He produced a number of books in Arabic due to these sittings and circles, among them are:

Hussam al-Haramayn (Sword of the Two Holy Sanctuaries on the throat of disbelief and falsehood)his famous work in defence of the Sunni beliefs and refutation of deviant groups that had blasphemed Allah and His Messenger.

Al-Ijaazat al-MateenahHis licenses to the scholars of Makkah and Madinah and letters to them

Kiflul FaqihFatwa on the legal status of the bank note in Islamic law

All three of the above mentioned books made Imam Ahmed Rida very popular in the holy lands of Hijaz, Syria and Yemen.

What his contemporary Arab scholars said about Him?

Major scholars of Makkah and Madinah praised him lavishly for his knowledge and piety. He was called:

“The absolute Shaykh of all teachers” by Shaykh Ismail Makki, Libarian of Makkah Haram Library

“The encyclopaedia of all sciences” by Shaykh ‘Ali bin Hassan Maliki, Mufti of Makkah city

“A giant Imam and well learned man who is an expert in the sciences” by Shaykh Yusuf Nabhani, Mujaddid of Sham & Mufti of Lebanon.

[See: Al-Dawlah al-Makkiyyah & Hussamul Haramayn for more]

His Principles (Manhaj)

1. Love of Allah and His Messenger is before anything & everything

He said “If my heart was ever divided into two parts, one of them would have written on it “laa ilaaha illAllah” and on the other “Muhammadur Rasulullah”!!

2. Defending the Honour of the Noble Messenger (upon him peace & blessings)

He did not tolerate blasphemy (disrespect) of the Noble Messenger or of the pious companions or Awliya and stood strongly against the corrupted groups of his time for this reason.

3. Education and transmission of authentic knowledge

He was a dedicated teacher and some of the greatest Ulama of India were his students, among them are:
  • His two sons, Hujjatul Islam (Proof of Islam) Hamid Rida Khan & Mufti-e-Azam Hind (the grand Mufti of India), Mustafa Rida Khan
  • Sadrus Shariah (Front line scholar of Islamic Law): Amjad Ali al-A’zami
  • Malik al-Ulema (King of the Ulama): Zafaruddin Bihari
  • Sayyid Muhammad Muhadith-e-Kachouchwi
  • Qutb-e-Madina: Ziya’uddin Ahmad al-Madani & others
4. Self-Purification

He followed the spiritual path (tariqa) of Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani and loved all the Sufiya (Awliya). He made thousands repent from sins in his gatherings  and his entire life was spent purifying hearts and summoning people to Allah Almighty

5. Praise of the Messenger through writing and poems

His Durood-o-Salam is recited all over the world after Jum’ua and at the ends of religious events in mosques and homes like the Qasidah Burdah. His most famous book of Na’ats is called “Hada’iq-e-Bakshish” containing some of the finest praises of Allah and of His chosen people.

6. Following the Sunnah of the Messenger (upon him peace & blessings) to the smallest detail

The character of the Noble Messenger (upon him peace & blessings) was imprinted in Imam Ahmed Rida’s life. He staunchly practised the Sunnah and so did his disciples and students.

7. Uncompromising defence of the Ahlus-Sunnah beliefs and practises

He authored more than two hundred books on the teachings of the Ahlus-Sunnah and their defence.

His Books

Imam Ahmed Rida wrote more than a thousand books and commentaries in more than 55 sciences. A list of about 350 books is available titled “al-Mujmal al Mu’addid”. A bulky 12 volume Hanafi fatwa collection: “Fataawa-e-Ridwiyyah” in Urdu/Arabic was recently published in Lahore (Pakistan) with an index in 33 volumes! His Fataawa are an ocean of knowledge and wisdom.

The Sunni Muslims of the sub-continent (India, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan) remember the great Imam for his service to the Ahlus-Sunnah and consider him a saviour when the Sunni-way was at threat.

His Demise and Burial

Imam Ahmed Rida passed away on 28th October 1921 CE (25th Safar 1340h) at the age of 65, in his home at Jumu’ah time when the mu’adhin was saying “come to success” leaving behind two sons, Mowlana Hamid Raza and Mufti Mustafa Raza, and five daughters.

People from all over the world visit his blessed shrine in Bareilly Shareef every year on 25th Safar and attend the annual khatam (Blessed URS).

The great grandson who takes care of the affairs of the school of Imam Ahmed Rida in Bareilly is Mufti Akhtar Rida Khan, a fine scholar and graduate of al-Azhar University in Egypt. He is now visually impaired yet still teaches and dictates translations to books in Arabic and English, with good knowledge of English. May Allah preserve him and grant health.

Penned by
Munawwar Ateeq Ridawi
[Birmingham — United Kingdom]