Saturday, 27 October 2012

Sacrificing Animals | In Light of Sacred Traditions of the Beloved SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam


All Praises is due to Almighty Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala, Peace and Blessings be upon the most perfect of creations, His Beloved Habeeb, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam his noble Family and the illustrious Sahaba Ridwanullahi Ta'ala Alaihim Ajma'een and all the pious servants of Almighty Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala.
I. Hadrat Zaid ibn Arqam Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu reported that the companions of the Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam asked:

يا رسول الله ما هذه الأضاحى قال: سنة أبيكم إبراهيم. قالوا فما لنا فيها يا رسول الله قال: بكل شعرة حسنة. قالوا فالصوف يا رسول الله قال: بكل شعرة من الصوف حسنة
“O Messenger of Allah! What is this sacrifice?” He said, “It is the practice of your father Abraham.” They asked, “What is the reward for us in it?” He said, “For every hair, you will be rewarded.” They asked, “for the wool, O Messenger of Allah?” He said, “For every strand of wool you will be rewarded.” [Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol. 1, Page 226, Hadith 3247]

II. Hadrat ‘Ayesha Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anha reported that the Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam has said,

ما عمل آدمى من عمل يوم النحر أحب إلى الله من إهراق الدم إنها لتأتى يوم القيامة بقرونها وأشعارها وأظلافها وإن الدم ليقع من الله بمكان قبل أن يقع من الأرض فطيبوا بها نفسا
“On the day of sacrifice no one does a deed more pleasing to Allah than the shedding of blood. The sacrifice will come on the Day of Resurrection with its horns, its hairs and its hooves; and the blood finds acceptance with Allah before it falls on the ground.” [Sunan Tirmidhi, Vol. 1, Page 275, Hadith 1572]

III. Hadrat Hanash Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu reported:

رأيت عليا رضي الله عنه يضحي بكبشين فقلت له : ما هذا ؟ فقال : إن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أوصاني أن أضحي عنه فأنا أضحي عنه
I saw Hadrat ‘Ali sacrificing two rams. I asked him: “what is this?” He said, “The Messenger of Allah had enjoined me to sacrifice on his behalf; so I am sacrificing on his behalf.” [Mishkat, Page 128, Hadith 1642]

IV. Hadrat Abu Hurairah
Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam has said,

من وجد سعة فلم يضح فلا يقربن مصلانا
“Such a person who had the ability and means to sacrifice an animal, but (despite this) he did not do so; should never come near our Eidgah (place where the Eid prayers are performed).” [Musnad Ahmad, Vol. 18, Page 27, Hadith 8496]

V. Hadrat Umm-e-Salmah
Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anha reported that the Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam has said,

إذا رأيتم هلال ذى الحجة وأراد أحدكم أن يضحى فليمسك عن شعره وأظفاره
“when you see the new moon of Dhul Hijjah and one of you intends to make sacrifice, he must not shave his hair, trim it, or clip his nails.” [Sahih Muslim, Vol. 2, Page 160, Hadith 5234]


1. For the condition of sacrificing, the Malik-e-Nisab is the person who possesses 52 ½ tolas (620 grammes) of silver or 7 ½ tolas (88 grammes) of gold; or they have the same amount equivalent to either of the above item in value in business goods or non-business goods, which are not goods that are the basic necessities of life. The wealth and/or property should be ‘extra’/above one’s basic necessities (hajat-e-asliyyah).

2. Nowadays, the price of silver is less. The price of silver in current-day value is approximately £2 per tola. Therefore, anyone who possess the value of: £2 x 52 ½ tola = £105 - which exceeds his/her basic necessities and also the debt which is to be paid back – then it is wajib on such a person to sacrifice an animal.

3. Such a Malik-e-Nisab who has already sacrificed an animal on behalf of himself, and the following year he is still a Malik-e-Nisab then again it is wajib upon him to sacrifice an animal on his behalf. This ruling applies for each year (that sacrificing is wajib if a person is a Malik-e-Nisab). It has been stated in a Hadith: “It is wajib upon every household to sdacrifice an animal each year.”

4. If a Malik-e-Nisab sacrifices on behalf of someone else, instead of sacrificing an animal on behalf of himself (i.e. does not sacrifice an animal on his behalf), then he has committed a great sin. Thus, if he wants to sacrifice on someone else’s behalf, then he should make preparations to buy another animal and sacrifice it.

5. Some people who think that, “It is wajib only once in a lifetime to sacrifice an animal on one’s behalf” is farce and wrong, which has no proof; as it is wajib upon a Malik-e-Nisab to sacrifice an animal on his behalf each year.

6. In villages, it is permissible to sacrifice animals on the 10th of Dhu’l Hijjah after the break of dawn (Subh-e-Sadiq). However, it is Mustahab to sacrifice it after sunrise. [Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri Vol. 5 Page 260]

7. It is not permissible to sacrifice animals before the Eid prayer in cities and towns. [Bahar-e-Shari’at]

8. Such a poor person - who cannot afford to sacrifice an animal - should also refrain from shaving or trimming hair and clipping nails; so as to resemble the pilgrims on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah.

9. It is permissible for a resident of a city or a town to send his animal to a person living in a village; and have it sacrificed before the Eid prayer; and then have the meat sent back to him in the city or town. [al-Durr al-Mukhtar]

10. It is not permissible to give the skin or the meat of the sacrificed animal as the wage to the butcher or the one who has sacrificed the animal. [al-Durr al-Mukhtar]

11. It is not permissible to give the meat of a sacrificed animal to any infidel.

12. The method of sacrificing an animal is to lay it on its left, such that its face is towards the Qiblah and then place the right foot on its side and holding a sharp knife (concealed obviously from the animal or if it is blind-folded then there is no harm). The animal should be sacrificed using a sharp knife.

13. If the Qurban has been performed on behalf of someone who has passed away, then the meat cannot be eaten by the person himself nor can it be given to a rich person. It is wajib to give all the meat to the poor as sadaqah. [Bahar-e-Shari’at]

14. The animal’s skin, reins, saddle etc should all be given in sadaqah, one can use the skin for their own usage, such as to make the skin into a leather bag or a prayer mat. However, one cannot sell the skin to someone else, and then use the money for their own benefit. If this has been done, then the money received should be given as sadaqah.

15. Nowadays, people give the animal skin to Madrissahs and other Islamic institutions. This is perfectly permissible. If one sells the skin with the intention of giving the money received to the Madrissa, then this is also permissible. [‘Alamgiri, Bahar-e-Shari’at]

16. The skin of the sacrificed animal cannot be given to the Imam as his wage. Yes, however, it can be given to him as a gift or for his benefit. [Bahar-e-Shari’at]

17. A camel must be at least five years old; a buffalo should be at least two years old; and a sheep, lamb or a goat should be at least one year old. [al-Durr al-Mukhtar]

18. The animal intended to be slaughtered should be big and health, and should be free from any faults or defects. If there is a minor defect in the animal, then the Qurbani will count, but it is Makruh. If there is a major defect, then the Qurbani will not count. [al-Durr al-Mukhtar, Radd al-Muhtar, Fatawa-e-‘Alamgiri]

Some think that sacrificing one animal will suffice for one whole household; all of whom are Malik-e-Nisab. This is wrong. Each and every person from such a household should sacrifice an animal on their behalf. Yes, however, a household can share seven parts from a ‘large’ animal such as a camel, cow, buffalo etc.

— — —
Extracted From

Anwaar al-Hadith, Chapter 10, Pages 323 to 328
by Hadrat Allama Mufti Jalal al-Din Qadiri al-Amjadi
English Translation: Mawlana Kalim al-Qadiri [Bolton - U.K.]

Friday, 26 October 2012

ملالہ اور اس کی حقیقت


Monday, 22 October 2012

Pearls of Wisdom by Qutb-e-Madinah Shaykh Diya al-Deen Madani Alaihir raHmah

..:: Golden Words of Wisdom ::..
by Qutb-e-Madina Shaykh Diya al-Deen Ahmad
Siddiqi al-Qadiri Radawi al-Madani Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu
  • Always be steadfast on the sacred Shari’ah. The greater one is obedient to the Shari'ah the higher one attains status in Tariqah.
  • Do work for the Religion for the sake of the Religion and do not do it for name and fame.
  • Engage in feeding food even though it is basic Dhaal and rice. There is great virtues and Barakaat in feeding.
  • Become a Veiler [Sat’taar – one who hides the faults of others]. Hide the faults of the Muslim, may they be religious or worldly.
  • Duniya is an evil thing. He who is tangled with it keeps on sinking into it. He who runs away from it , it remains at ones feet.
  • Salah and Fasts are from the essentials, but real religion is rectifying ones transactions.
  • Here [in Madina al-Munawwarah] the wise and elders say; ‘Constant performance of Salaah becomes a habit, by keeping Fasts, the cost of one meal is saved and religion is the name of rectification of dealings.
  • First Salaam , second feed food and third talk. When someone visits you, first greet him then feed him and lastly ask him the reason of his visit.
  • The Murshid who is dependent on the Murid, in my view, is not a Murshid.
  • To become a Murshid is very difficult and to be a son of a Murshid is very simple. Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala save us from becoming Sahibzadahs.
  • In obedience there is virtue and in innovation [Bid’ah] there is destruction. Be a follower and you will attain salvation.
  • In secrecy is salvation and fame breeds discord.
  • Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala has given the cursed devil great powers. It is only Allah’s (SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala) Mercy that can protect one from the evil of the devil.
  • The Spiritual Silsilah is only one that is the Qadiriyyah. The rest are its tributaries.
  • There is no harm in eating the bread of a miser. But one must abstain from eating anything from a Man’nan . May Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala protect us from the favours of a Man’nan.
  • There is no goodness in the sand of Najd, it has nothing but pure evil.
  • Do not give anyone a loan more than your financial capacity and don’t reveal the loan to anyone nor demand its repayment. If the creditor returns the loan regard it as a fresh sustenance from Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala.
  • Doing good deeds is a Toufeeq from Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala and a sign of acceptance. Guidance is certainly from Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala but a servant has to make efforts in doing good deeds.
  • A fortunate person is he whose letter is read in the sacred city of Madina al-Munawwarah or he is discussed with goodness there or his name is mentioned there.
  • Continue extolling the sacred name of ‘Ya Ghawth Ya Ghawth’. There are blessings of this sacred name in both the worlds.
  • Never recite the Darud Sharif with the intention of Ziyaarah. The beloved Habib SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam is not restricted to any human. If He (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam) blesses anyone then it is His favour.
  • No greed, no rejection and no hoarding are virtue.
  • Wafa is either you bury your companion or he buries you in the ground.
  • Safeguard yourself from severe cold as it takes its grudge in old age.
  • Wealth is madness and seek Allah’s (SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala) protection from it as it take a long time to regain consciousness from it.
  • Fulfilling lust is a deadly companion and an evil habit. It is a lethal enemy.
  • Pride and boastfulness destroys the intellect.
  • Avoid relationship with your opposite specie.
  • Don’t ask Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala for abundance, If you have reliance then there is great abundance of Barkat in little sustenance.
  • Knowledge is achieved by seeking it; sitting in the company of the knowledgeable and also by Divine Inspiration.
  • Your Murshid is he on whose hands you have initially taken Bay’ah. Regarding Faydh , take it wherever you find it.
  • Always keep far from dissention and disunity.
  • Goodness is in being kind to the creation of Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala.
  • One must give charity according to the ones means and ability.
  • Never behave with severity and harshness as there is no goodness in it.
  • If anyone sits in Madina al-Munawwarah with justice and patience, then sustenance comes to him from all directions.
  • If anyone is caught in the net of a Najdi , he sinks to the depths of the ocean . If he is saved from this then regard it as a gift of a new life.
  • A poor man is a blessing and not a burden.
  • To educate an evil and incompetent person is to put the Ummah in discord.
  • Exercising patience in hardship and misfortune is the key to success.
  • Accept the excuse or apology of your enemy.
  • Do not regard your enemy weak and sickness as insignificant.
  • Spiritual culture is not to hurt the feelings of anyone.
  • Four things are disastrous to a human;
    1) To eat food when not hungry.
    2) To habitually take medication
    3) To have excessive sex
    4) To dig for the faults of others.
  • Write letters as paper horses are good.
  • He who is kind to creation is in reality engaged in the Love of the Creator (SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala).
  • People have attained everlasting wealth in Adab and enthusiasm.
  • Do not behave like a mad man in search of sustenance because whatever is destined for you, you will certainly receive.
  • Secret charity stops the wrath of Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala.
  • He who desires the goodwill of creation with good conduct has brightened his face.
  • He who has good supposition lives a peaceful life.
  • An intelligent person never leaves four things; patience, thankfulness, peace and solitude.

— — —

Translated by an insignificant mendicant of the illustrious Qutb
Khadim al-Ilm al-Sharif Shaykh Abdul Hadi al-Qadiri Radawi
Imam Ahmad Raza Academy, Durban - South Africa
Youm al-'Arafa 9th Zil Hijjat al-Haram 1432H

ADVICE: The Gifts of Hajj are Available to All

The linguistic meaning of Hajj is seeking or intending. Thus the people of Allah are constantly performing Hajj because they are constantly seeking Allah. Just as their whole year is Ramadan, likewise their whole year is Hajj. Just as those performing Hajj respond to the call of Allah by saying “labbayk” they are swift to respond to the call of Allah. They take themselves to account and leave that which is disliked and dubious in all their states and actions. They reject the desires of their lower selves and they are the furthest of people from that which is prohibited. They constantly receive new blessings from their Lord so they constantly renew their ihram. Day and night they make tawaf around the House of their Lord, the One to Whom they turn themselves with absolute sincerity until nothing remains in them which is directed to other than Allah.

The bounty of Allah is available at all times of the day and night. This is why Allah swears by the morning light (duha) and by the night that He has not forsaken His Beloved (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), nor is He displeased with him.
If the Hajj has not been made possible for you, join with those making Hajj and share in their reward: by spending your wealth for the sake of Allah on your relatives, on the needy, by turning to Allah with your whole being. Make numerous your footsteps to good places, especially at the time of Fajr, and you will receive glad tidings from the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace): “Give glad tidings of complete light on the Day of Judgement to those who walk constantly to the mosque in the darkness.”

Those whose light is complete will no doubt be in his company (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) "...on the day when Allah will not humble the Prophet and the believers along with him; their light will be running ahead of them and on their right..." [Al-Tahrim, 66:8]

Ask to be present with them, and thank Allah for allowing our spirits to be with them. So many hearts in the far East or the far West receive the gifts of `Arafat and Mina because of their truthfulness with Allah.
..:: Actions that carry the reward of Hajj ::..

Nothing of course can equal actually performing the Hajj and worshipping Allah in those blessed places. However, since Allah knows that many people long to make Hajj every year but are unable to do so out of His generosity He made the reward for certain actions similar to the reward of a supererogatory Hajj.

1. Remembering Allah from Fajr until Ishraq: The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said: “Whoever who prays Subh (Fajr) in congregation and then sits in the place where he prayed remembering Allah until the sun rises and then prays two rakats has the reward of a complete Hajj and `Umrah.” He repeated “complete” three times. [Narrated by al-Tirmidhi]

2. Attending a gathering of knowledge: The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said: “The one who goes out to the mosque wanting only to learn good or teach it has the reward of a complete Hajj.” [Narrated by al-Tabarani]

3. Going to the mosque for the congregational prayer: The Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said: “Whoever performs ablution in his house and then goes out to perform the obligatory prayer in the mosque has a reward similar to the reward of a Hajj pilgrim. Whoever goes out to perform the mid-morning prayer (Duha) has a reward similar to the reward of the one performing `Umrah.”

4. Reciting dhikr after the five daily prayers: Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) narrated that a group of destitute people came to the Prophet, SallAllahu Alayhi wa Sallam (may Allaah exalt his mention), and said, “O Messenger of Allah, the wealthy people will have higher grades and will have permanent enjoyment in high levels in Paradise. They pray like us and fast as we do, but they have more money by which they perform the Hajj, ‘Umrah, participate in Jihaad and give in charity.” The Prophet, SallAllahu Alayhi wa Sallam (may Allaah exalt his mention), replied: “Shall I not tell you something upon which if you acted you would catch up with those who have surpassed you? Nobody would surpass you and you would be better than the people amongst whom you live except those who would do the same. Say ‘Subhan Allah’, ‘alHamdu Lillaah’ and ‘Allahu Akbar’ thirty-three times each after every (compulsory) prayer.’" [Sahih al-Bukhari]
5. Reciting Durud upon the beloved Prophet: The Leader of the God wary [Imām al-Muttaqīn] SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam affirmed, “Perform your Fardh (obligatory) Hajj pilgrimage. Undoubtedly, its reward is greater than participating in twenty Gazwah and reciting one Durūd upon me, equals that (in reward).” [Firdaus-bima’ Šaur al-Khitab, Vol. 2, Page 607, Hadīth 2484]

6. Performing I’itikaf for ten days in the month of Ramadan: Imam Bayhaqi has reported on the authority of Hadrat Imam Hussain that the Messenger of Allah has stated, “whosoever performs I’itikaf for ten days in the month of Ramadan, it is as though he has performed two ‘Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) and two Hajj (greater pilgrimage).”

7. Performing the Friday Prayer: Sayyiduna Sa`id bin al-Musayyib said performing the Friday Prayer is “more beloved to me than a supererogatory Hajj.”

8. Performing the Eid Prayer: Ibn Rajab (may Allah have mercy upon him) narrated that the Companion Sayyiduna Mikhnaf ibn Sulaym (may Allaah be pleased with him) said, “The reward for attending ‘Eid Al-Fitr prayer is equal to the reward of performing ‘Umrah and the reward for attending ‘Eid Al-Ad'ha Prayer is equal to that of performing Hajj.”
9. Fulfilling the needs of your brother or sister: Sayyiduna Hasan al-Basri said: “Going to fulfil the need of your brother is better for you than performing Hajj after Hajj.”

10. Being good to your parents: The Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) commanded one of the Companions to be good to his mother. If you do so, he said: “You are a Hajj pilgrim, a person performing `Umrah and someone striving for the sake of Allah (mujahid).”

11. Abandoning sins and prohibitions: Some of our righteous predecessors said, “Giving up a misdeed that Allah The Exalted abhors is dearer to me than performing Hajj 500 times.”

12. Performing obligatory actions: The slave can only draw near to Allah by performing supererogatory actions after first having performed that which is obligatory. This includes purifying one’s heart from forbidden attributes and guarding one’s tongue and limbs from committing forbidden actions. All of this is much harder on the lower self than many supererogatory acts of worship.
Finally there is no action more beloved to Allah on the Day of Eid than making a sacrifice. The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) told his beloved daughter Sayyida Fatima al-Zahrah that she would be forgiven for her previous wrongdoings with the first drop of blood to be shed from the sacrificed animal. She asked if this reward was specifically for the household of the Prophet and he replied: “For us and for all the Muslims.”

Monday, 15 October 2012

Sunday, 14 October 2012

True Anecdotes | A Wise Old Woman

A scholar once saw an old lady operating her spinning wheel and asked her, “Lady! You’ve been spinning that wheel your entire life. Have you ever taken any time to learn about Your Lord?”

The woman replied, “I see everything through this wheel of mine.”

“Then tell me, is Allah present or not?”

“Allah is present, every moment, every day, every night – all the time.”

“But what’s your proof of this?”

“This very wheel of mine!”

“How so?”

The woman explained, “As long as I’m here running the wheel, it continues to spin in motion. Once I stop, it stops. So, if the wheel is in need of someone to keep it moving, why shouldn’t the Earth, the Heavens, the Sun and the Moon be in need of someone to keep them moving? When I stop my work, the wheel stops spinning, but until now, we’ve never seen anything in our Universe stop moving. This is how I know that the One Who keeps our world in order is present and is always present.”

The scholar was happy with this answer but continued, “Okay, but how do you know that the One who controls the Universe is one and not two?”

The woman replied, “The answer is again in my wheel! It only spins in the direction I tell it to. If someone wanted to assist me in spinning it, the wheel’s motion would become inconsistent and it wouldn’t work properly. And, if my assistant spun it in a different direction, the wheel would either stop spinning or break. This doesn’t happen when I use it alone, and this is how I know that if there was another controller of the Universe besides Allah , there would be no uniformity in the day and night cycle or anything else. So, the controller of the Heavens and the Earth can only be one.” [Seerat as-Saliheen, Page 3]

Lesson: The world itself is proof that our Creator is one, but only those of insight see this.
Extracted from
Stories Of The Prophets (Partial Translation of Sacchi Hikayaat)
Urdu: Maulānā Abun-Nūr Muhammad Bashīr | English: Omar Sayed

Hadrat Allama Mawlana al-Haaj Shah Mehmood Jaan Khan Qadiri Barakaati Ridawi Jamjodhpuri Peshawari (Alaihir raHmah)


Khalifa-e-AlaHadrat, Aalim-e-Jaleel, Fazil-e-Nabeel, Haami-e-Sunan, Maahi-e-Fitan, Hadrat Allama Mawlana Al-Haaj Shah Mehmood Jaan Khan Sahab Sunni Hanafi Qadiri Barakaati Ridawi Jamjodhpuri Peshawari (Alaihir raHmah) was born around the year 1820 in Peshawar. His father Hafidh Ghulam Rasool (Alaihir raHmah) was a distinguished Aalim and teacher of his time. Many would come from, Kabul, Qandahar, Baarqand and Samarkand by travelling lengthy journeys to sit respectfully at his feet and attain knowledge of Deen-e-Islam. Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) also attained his academic knowledge from his father, where upon completion of his Islamic studies, he migrated to Jamjodhpur (Katyawadh, Gujarat, India), where he served the Muslims. Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah), like his father Hafidh Ghulam Rasool (Alaihir raHmah) was also popular for his debating skills. He brought many Christian leaders to their feet during debates.


Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) did not become a mureed until he had reached an advanced age. He later became a Mureed of Sayyidi AlaHadrat Ash-Shah Imam Ahmad Rida Khan al-Qadiri (Alaihir raHmah). Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) narrates:

“For a long time, this thought was in my heart, that unless and until, I do not find a Kaamil and exalted Shaykh, I will not become a mureed. It was during this time, that I began reading the Islamic Magazine (Touf-e-Hanafiyyah) prepared by Hadrat Maulana Zia’ud’deen Sahab Pilibhiti (Alaihir raHmah), which was filled with gems of knowledge and wisdom and it was in this that I read about Sayyiduna AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah). My heart immediately said that in this Era to find such a great personality is not ordinary. Through divine guidance, I travelled to Bareilly Shareef where I presented myself in the Court of AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah). The moment I saw His bright face, my heart melted, my Imaan came to life and my heart blossomed like never before.

I had found a Peer (Spiritual Guide) even greater than I had ever imagined. I requested to be initiated into the Silsilah, and my Shaykh accepted me as His disciple (Mureed), blessed me immediately with Ijaazat and Khilafat, and then went into the house, removed what He was wearing at that time and blessed me with His Kurta, Paijamah, Amaama and Waistcoat. This was a great blessing from such a sea of generosity. He blessed this humble servant with the crown of Khilafat in the Silsila Aaliya, Qadiriyah, Barakatiyah, Ridawiyyah, Chishtiyah, Soharwardiyah, Naqshabandiyah and other Salasil. He showed great love and respect for me, and in that time, he bestowed so many titles upon me and showed such love to me, that I will never forget as long as I live.”

It must be noted that Hadrat Allama Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) did not make anyone mureed or give khilafat to anyone. It is related that when anyone came to him for the purpose of becoming a mureed, he would direct them towards Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah).

During 1339 Hijra, Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah) wrote a letter to Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah). In it he addressed him as ‘Haami-e-Sunan’ (The Helper of Sunnah) and ‘Maahi-e-Fitan’ (Eradicator of Fitna). He further wrote:

“Due to my busy schedule and my duties, I unintentionally left out your name, which should have been engraved in gold, in the list of names of my well wishers and supporters at the end of Qasidah Al-Istimdaad. I only realized this after it was published, and to this very day I regret my oversight.”
The letter sent to Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan sent by Sayyidi AlaHadrat.
This letter because of its age is quite fragile, hence the glass casing.

Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) commented on this blessed letter (which is still present to this day) by saying:

“Nine or ten months before AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah)’s Wisaal, he wrote a Blessed letter to me, in which He said that in His book Al-Istimdaad, He added the names of all His Khulafa, and my name was unintentionally left out in printing. I say that, by unintentionally missing out my name was a means of great blessings for me, since my Shaykh prayed for me on this occasion.”


Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) was drowned in the love of his Shaykh and had true faith in his Shaykh. During the forty days khatam of Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah), Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) went to the Mazaar Sharif of his Shaykh and made Dua to Allah Ta’ala, that through the wasila of his chosen servant, Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah), Allah Ta’ala bless him with a son. Alhamdulillah within the same year, Allah Ta’ala blessed Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) with a son, whom he named Ahmed Raza. However, Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) had so much respect for his Shaykh that he never called his son by his name, and always referred to him as Hadrat.


Very few people know that Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) is responsible for the design of the Gumbad of Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah). Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) presented his design - which he drew by burning match-sticks as he did not have a pen - to Hadrat Hujjat al-islam (Alaihir raHmah) and Hadrat Mufti-e-Azam Hind (Alaihir raHmah) and said:

“Huzoor, Next to the Gumbad-e-Khazra of Aaqa-e-do Aalam (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) there is a Minaret, and on that Minaret there is white and black design, and since AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah) had spent His whole life trying to explain the Exaltedness of Sarkaar (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam), by fighting against the enemies of Sarkaar (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam), therefore it is my wish that the Gumbad of AlaHadrat, should contain that same black and white design that is on that Minarat next to the Gumbad-e-Khazra of the Madani Aqaa (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam).”

Hujjat al-Islam, Mufti-e-Azam, Sadr al-Shari’ah and all the other esteemed Ulama (Radi Allahu Anhum) of the time, had a liking for this design and decided that this design was most fitting for the Dargah Sharif of Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah). Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah), in those days contributed 10000 Rupees and stayed in Bareilly Sharif until the construction of the Dargah Sharif was completed. Hadrat used to say,

“Jaisa yeh Mujjaddid Anokha, waisa unka Mazaar bhi Anokha hona chahiye.”
Some of the Blessed Relics that were given to Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah)
by Sayyidi AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan Qadiri (Alaihir raHmah)


Although it is almost impossible to pin point which quality or habit of Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) was more beautiful, for the sake of Barakat, I will mention a few qualities that I have heard of.

One of the most blessed qualities of Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) was that he was firm on Maslak-e-AlaHadrat. In other words he was steadfast on the blessed Shari’ah and did not allow anything to come between him and Islam.

Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah) said the following words with regard to Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) in his Khilafat Nama:

“Be Fadhlihi Ta’ala, Mawlana mausoof jumla Mazahid wa Masharib mein is Faqeer ke Qadam ba - Qadam hai. Tamam Biraderaan-e-Ahl-e-Sunnat ke, is Faqeer ke Muhib aur Hum-Mazhab ho! Mawlana ke Masa’ail wa Hidayaat wa Irshaadat pe be-Ta’amul, Amal farmaen”

Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) aslo used to remove Jinns from people. One incident that was accounted to me is as follows:

There was once a man who had consulted Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) for the removal of the Jinn within him. He had been brought to Hadrat by his mother. She complained that the Jinn was troublesome to them. Hadrat, after listening to her warned her that he would have to beat her son so much that he would bleed profusely. This had to be done in order to force the Jinn out of him. However even though her son would be beaten, he would not feel any pain. When she had agreed, Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) began to beat her son so much that he indeed began to bleed profusely, until the Jinn himself began to say that he would leave. Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) ordered the Jinn to leave the man immediately to go into a big bottle which was closed after the Jinn had entered it. Thereafter Hadrat would dig a deep hole and bury the bottle containing the Jinn.

One of the blessed habits of Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) loved to recite Surah al-Quraish. He would read this Surah seven times and would blow it on any goods that he had for sale. He would also encourage his wife to read this surah and blow it on the food that she would prepare. He used to say that by reading this surah would bring barakat in the home.
The Blessed Amamah (Bottom left), Blessed Shawl (top) and Libaas Mubarak of
Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan Qadiri (Alaihir raHmah)


The family genealogy of Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) is as follows:

Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan Sahab Ibn Hafidh Ghulam Rasool Sahab Ibn Muhammad Isma’eel Sahab Ibn Muhammad Siddiq Sahab Ibn Umar Sahab Ibn Ramzan Ibn Saboor Sahab Meer Ibn Haji Muhammad Akbar Sahab Ibn Maulvi Haamid’duddin Sahab Ibn Maulvi Shahbaaz Sahab Ibn Khush-Haal Sahab Ibn Gohar Ibn Rehmatullah Sahab Ibn Khwaja Ubaidullah Sahab.

Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) was married thrice in his lifetime and had sixteen children in total:

First wife: Marhooma Maryam bai

1. Mawlana Ghulam Mustapha Raza Khan (during Sayyidi alaHadrat’s Alaihir raHmah last illness, when he used to be carried to the masjid on a chair, among the four people who used to carry the chair of sayyidi alaHadrat Alaihir raHmah on their shoulder, was Mawlana ghulam mustapha raza khan)
2. Ayesha bai
3. Ghulam Murtaza Raza (passed on at a young age)

Second wife: Marhooma Halima bai

4. Mawlana Ghulam Mujtaba Raza (buried in Malawi)
5. Hawwa bai
6. Ruqaiyyah bai

Third wife: Marhooma Amatullah bai

7. Raheema bai
8. Kareema bai
9. Hajiani khadija bai
10. Ayesha bai
11. Mawlana Ghulam Ahmed Raza Khan, He was granted khilaafat by Hadrat Mufti-e-Azam Hind . Hadrat Mufti Mehood Jaan used to say, “Hadrat mere Ilm ko jayb mein rakh ke Ghoomtay hain).”
12. Marhooma Jamila bai (passed away during childhood, after an incident that led to a short illness)
13. Mawlana Ahmed Jaan Khan
14. Hajiani fatima bai (Alhamdulillah, she is currently living in Zimbabwe)
15. Hajiani Amina bai (Alhamdulillah, she is currently living in Upleta)
16. Hajiani Jamila bai (it is said she was born when Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan Alaihir raHmah was at the age of 100. That was in 1935.)
External view of Razvi Masjid in Jamjodhpur built by Mawlana Mehmood Jaan


When I had asked the daughter of Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) if she remembered any Karamat of her father, she replied simply by saying, “Thousands”. However, for the sake of Barakat, I will mention one karamat of Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah).

A man named Muhammad, during his childhood had German measles. The doctors had no hope of his recovery and advised his parents to expect the worst. Hearing this Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) came to his parents home and asked them why they had not consulted him, as he was still Alive. Hadrat, put his blessed saliva on the child and prayed for him. He was cured in no time and went on to live a comfortable life.


Two of the books written by Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) received great success namely:

1. Zikr-e-Raza: Khalifa of AlaHadrat, Malik al-Ulama, Hadrat-e-Allama Mawlana Zafar al-Din Bihari (Alaihir raHmah), mentions in his Sawaneh Hayaat of Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah), that the first Sawaneh Hayaat written on the life of Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah) was by Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) under the title of Zikr-e-Raza. The specialty of this book is that it has been written in the form of poetry. It has also been translated into the English language by Sayyid Shah Aulad-e-Rasool Qudsi Misbahi (Daamat Barakatuhum al-Qudsiyyah).

2. Eezah-e-Sunnat: This kitaab was based on the eight questions posed by the Bud-Muzhabs. In this book Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) answered all their questions by providing authentic proof from the Holy Qur’an and the blessed Ahadith. This book was certified and verified by sixty three distinguished scholars by their blessed words and blessed seals, such as Sayyidi AlaHadrat, Hujjat al-Islam, Mufti-e-Azam Hind, Sadr al-Shari’ah, and many other learned Ulama of that time (Radi Allahu Anhum Ajma’een).

Sayyidi alaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah)’s verification was as follows:

“O ALLAH, for YOU is ALL Praise! This Blessed book which has been written by my companion and my Beloved Brother in Islam, the Helper of the Sunnah, and Eradicator of the Fitnah, Respected Mawlana Moulvi Mehmood Jaan Saahib Qadiri Barakaati Peshawari, has passed before Me. I found it adorned with great attributes and I have found it to be complete and concise. I thanked ALLAH for blessing the author with such Taufeeq to support the Deen in such a difficult and corrupt time. Verily the Blessing of ALLAH and HIS Rasool (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) is upon this Learned Faadhil and Insha-ALLAH, His reward for this effort, through the Blessing of the Holy Prophet (SallAllaahu Alaihi wa Sallam) is closeness to ALLAH and a blessed place in the Blessed Paradise. WA ALLAHU AA’LAM.”

This book too, has been translated into the English language by the khalifa of Hadrat Taaj al-Shari’ah and Muhaddith al-Kabeer, Mawlana Aftaab Qasim Qadiri Ridawi (Hafidhahullahu Ta’ala), and is available in three volumes.
The Blessed Seal of Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah)


Hadrat Taaj al-Shari’ah, Allama Mawlana Mufti al-Haaj Shah Muhammad Akhtar Rida Khan, Sunni Hanafi Qadiri Barakaati Ridwi Noori Azhari (Daamat Barakatuhum al-Aaliyah), during the 61st Urs-e-Razvi Mehmoodi Sharif in Jamjodhpur Sharif said the following words:

“...AlaHadrat ke Sache Khulafa, jin mein Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan Sahab, ek the aur laakhon mein ek the, aur Jamjodhpur ke log aur Jamjodhpur ke Atraaf-o-khoob-o-Jawar ke log, Unki Istiqamat aur Maslak-e-AlaHadrat par sakhti se kaarbandhi aur uski tarweej-o-isha’at mein Unki jo zindagi guzri, woh yahan ke log toh usse waakif hai hi, Africa ke mumalik mein bhi reh kar yahin kaam kiya aur AlaHadrat Azeem-ul-Barkat ke Silsile se, aur Unke Khanwaade se, Unke Gharane se aur subse badi baat yeh hai ke Unke Maslak se logon ko wabista kiya...”

The blessed month of Muharram is celebrated the world over, and in many instances there are many elements in which some of the followers of Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah), forget his teachings. However, due to the teachings of Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah), the inhabitants of Jamjodhpur shareef celebrate muharram according to the Maslak of alaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah). It is said that Hadrat used to burn the ‘Taajias’ that were made.

In gujrat, there is a Muslim clan known as the Meer. In the past the people of this caste used to be looked down upon by the inhabitants of the area. This carried on until Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) had decided to include them in his Jama’at. A little while after, some of these people wished to be initiated into the Silsila Aaliyah Qadiriyyah Barakaatiyyah Ridawiyyah and hence Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (alahir rahma) decided to take them to Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah). When they were introduced to Sayyidi alaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah), he exclaimed that their dress and appearance did not resemble (they were clad in their traditional gujrati attire) that of a muslim. Sayyidi alaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah) then inquired the name of one of the men present which coincidently was Raju. Sayyidi alaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah) then proceeded to re-name the man as Ghulam Muhammad and he was initiated into the Silsila. However since he had no beard, Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah) advised him to first go and look at himself in the mirror and then, grows a beard according to the Sunnah and if he thought the beard to be fine, then he should not shave it. Alhamdulillah, the Meer left their orthodox ways and began living as the Muslims that they truly were.
Interior view of Razvi Masjid in Jamjodhpur Sharif built by Mawlana Mehmood Jaan


Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) left this mundane world on the 3rd of Safar-al-Muzaffar 1370 Hijri {14th of October, 1950} at the blessed age of 130. In his last days, he suffered from diabetes and other ailments and his advanced age did not alleviate his situation.

On the morning of the Wisaal of Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah), he rose early and asked his son, Mawlana Ghulam Ahmed Raza to make him Paak and Saaf while his wife cleaned his bed and laid new sheets. After this he requested his son to purify himself and come and read Yaseen Sharif for him. However, when Mawlana Ghulam Ahmed Raza returned to recite the Yaseen Sharif he found that his blessed father had already read the Yaseen Sahrif. When Shah Sahab from Dhoraji had come to visit Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah), he related to him and his son Hadrat Mawlana Ghulam Ahmed Raza, that he had been blessed with the sight of Ssayyiduna Rasoolullah (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) and Sayyidi AlaHadrat (Alaihir raHmah) in his dream, in which they had asked him to come along with them. After while Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) requested Shah Sahab to move to another room as he wished to be surrounded by his children.

 He called upon each of his daughters who stood at the foot of his bed by their name and advised them to look at him until their hearts were content as his time to leave was near. He told them even though he had surpassed the age of 100 his Nafs still had to taste death.

Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan made Du’a for all his children and when he noticed his children had began to cry, Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) told them that he was not dying, but he was only transferring his home. He also told them that his youngest son, Mawlana Ahmed Jaan was going to be married soon and he would be present at his marriage, however they would not see him but he would see them.

After saying all this Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) told his son that there is book on top of the cupboard in which there were some taweez for some of the people who had requested them and he told his family that due to his illness he had made three obligatory fasts and a certain amount of Salaah Qazah, for which the kaffarah must be paid for before his Janazah Salaah was to be performed. He told his son that his son-in-law, Mawlana Abdul Qadir (Alaihir raHmah) was to perform his Janazah Salaah. Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah) then recited his Shahadat and just after the Aadhaan of Zuhar he left this world towards the hereafter and like this the light that had brightened the hearts of many by removing the darkness of Kufr and Shirk, had come to rest in the love of the Master. His blessed Mazaar Sharif is in the small town of Jamjodhpur, Saurashtra, Gujarat, India. – Inna Lillahi wa Inna Ilaihi Raji’oon!!
The Blessed Mazaar Sharif of Hadrat Mawlana Mehmood Jaan (Alaihir raHmah)

— — —
Penned by:
Muhammad Akhtar Raza Abd al-Qadir [Harare – Zimbabwe]
The Great Grandson of Hadrat Mufti Mehmood Jaan Qadiri Alaihir raHma

Hadrat Sayyid Abdullah Shah Qadiri Baba Bulleh Shah Alaihir raHmah

Hadrat Sayyid Abdullah Shah Qadiri also known as Hadrat Baba Bulleh Shah Alaihir raHma is universally admitted to have been the greatest of the Panjabi mystics. No Panjabi mystic poet enjoys a wider celebrity and a greater reputation. His kafis have gained unique popularity. In truth he is one of the greatest Sufis of the world and his thought equals that of Jalal al-Din Rumi and Shams Tabriz of Persia. As a poet Bulleh Shah is different from the other Sufi poets of the Panjab, and represents that strong and living pious nature of Panjabi character which is more reasonable than emotional or passionate. As he was an outcome of the traditional mystic thought we can trace some amount of mystic phraseology and sentiment in his poetry but, in the main, intellectual vedantic thought is its chief characteristic. He was born in a Saiyyid family residing at, the village Pandoki of Kasur in the Lahore district, in the year A.D. 1680. This was during the twenty-first year of Emperor Aurangzeb’s reign. According to C. F. Usborne he passed away in A.H. 1171 or A.D. 1785 (i.e. in the short reign of Alamgir the Second) at the ripe old age of 78.

A large amount of what is known about Bulleh Shah comes through legends, and is subjective; to the point that there isn’t even agreement among historians concerning his precise date and place of birth. Some "facts" about his life have been pieced together from his own writings. Other "facts" seem to have been passed down through oral traditions. Baba Bulleh Shah practiced the Sufi tradition of Punjabi poetry established by poets like Shah Hussain (1538 – 1599), Sultan Bahu (1629 – 1691), and Shah Sharaf (1640 – 1724) Alaihim ar-RaHmah. Baba Bulleh Shah lived in the same period as the famous Sindhi Sufi poet , Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai (1689 – 1752). His life also overlapped with the legendary Punjabi poet Waris Shah (1722 – 1798), and the famous Sindhi Sufi poet Abdul Wahad (1739 – 1829), better known by his pen-name, Sachal Sarmast (“truth seeking leader of the intoxicated ones”).
After completing his education, it is said that Baba Bulleh Shah went to Lahore. Of the two traditions, one says that, as was customary in those days, he came to Lahore in search of a spiritual teacher, while the other relates that he went there on a visit. Each of these two contradictory traditions has a legend to support it. The first relates that while he was busy searching the intellectual circles of Lahore to find out a competent master he heard of Shah Inayat’s greatness and decided to make him his Murshid. He turned his steps towards the house of the Shah, and found him engrossed in his work in the garden. Having introduced himself, Baba Bulleh Shah requested that he might be accepted a disciple and taught the secret of God. Thereupon Hadrat Shah lnayat Alaihir raHmah said: Bullhia rabb da pan ai
edharo puttan odharo lan hai. O Bulleh! the secret of Almighty Allah is this; on this side He uproots, on the other side He creates. ‘This’, says the tradition. ‘so impressed Baba Bulleh Shah that, forgetting his family and its status, he became Inyat Shah’s disciple.
The second tradition says that Shah Inayat was the head gardener of the Shalimar gardens of Lahore. When in Lahore, Baba Bulleh Shah visited them, and as it was summer, he roamed in the mango-groves. Desirous of tasting the fruit he looked round for the guardian but, not finding him there, he decided to help himself. To avoid the sin of stealing, he looked at the ripe fruit and said; ‘ALLAHu Ghani’. On the utterance of these magic words a mango fell into his hands. He repeated them several times, and thus collected a few mangoes. Tying them up in his scarf he moved on to find a comfortable place where he could eat them. At this time he met the head gardener, who accused him of stealing the fruit from the royal gardens. Considering him to be a man of low origin and desirous of demonstrating to him his occult powers, Baba Bulleh Shah said ironically: ‘I have not stolen the mangoes but they have fallen into my hands as you will presently see.’ He uttered ‘ALLAHu Ghani’ and the fruit came into his hand. But to his great surprise the young Saiyyid found that Inayat Shah was not at all impressed but was smiling innocently. The great embarrassment of Bullhe Shah inspired pity in the gardener’s heart and he said: ‘You do not know how to pronounce properly the holy words and so you reduce their power.’ So saying, he uttered ‘ALLAHu Ghani’, and all the fruits in the gardens fell on the lovely lawns. Once again he repeated the same and the fruit went back on to the trees. This defeat inflicted by the guardian, whom the young Saiyyid Bullhe Shah considered ignorant and low, revolutionized his whole thought. Falling at the feet of Inayat Shah he asked to be classed as his disciple and his request was immediately granted.

The above two traditions, though different in detail, come to the same conclusion, that Baba Bulleh Shah, impressed by the greatness of Inayat, became his disciple. Bullhe Shah in his verse often speaks of his master Inayat Shah and thanks his good luck for having met such a murshid. Bulleh Shah ve nic kamini
Shah inayat tari.  Says Bulleh Shah, O Almighty the Lord Inayat has saved me, low and mean. And: Bullhe Shah di suno hakait
hadi pakria hog hadait
mera murshid Shah Inayat
Uh langhaai par. Listen to the story of Bullhe Shah, he has got hold of the peer and shall have salvation. My teacher, Shah Inayat, he will take me across. In an account of the Panjabi poets it would perhaps be out of place to speak at great length of Shah Inayat who wrote in Persian. But the influence exerted by him through his teachings and writings has linked him with Panjabi literature. Baba Bulleh Shah the Rumi of the Panjab, came most directly under his influence and, having learnt from him, was inspired to write his remarkable poetry. It will therefore, be proper to give a short account of this wonderful man.
Hadrat Shah Inayat Qadiri and his School Hazrat Shaykh Muhammad Inayatullah, generally known as Shah Inayat Qadiri, was born at Kasur in the Lahore district, of Arais parents. The arias in the Panjab were gardeners or petty cultivators. They are known to be Hindu converts to Islam and are therefore considered inferior. He was educated after the manner of his time and gained a good knowledge of Persian and Arabic. As he was born with a mystic disposition he became a disciple of the famous Sufi scholar and saint Muhammad Ali Raza Shattari. After he had finished his studies he was created a khalifa. Later on he received the khilafat of seven other sub-sects of the Sufi Qadiri. Soon after this event he left Kasur and migrated to Lahore .The author of Bagh-i-Awliya-e-Hind says that the great enmity of the Hakim Hussain Khan compelled him to migrate, but his descendants assert that it was the order of his teacher that brought him to Lahore. Here after having quelled the jealousy of his famous contemporaries, he established a college of his own. To this college came men of education for further studies in philosophy and other spiritual sciences of the time. Inayat Shah was a well-known Qadiri Sufi of his time. From the historical point of view the Qadiri Sufis can be traced back to the Sufi Saint Abdul Qadri Jilani of Bagdad. Jilani is also known by the names Peer Dastgeer and Peeran-e-Peer. Bulleh Shah himself has also given a hint that his "Master of Masters" was born in Bagdad but his own Master belonged to Lahore: My Master of Masters hailed from Baghdad, but my Master belongs to the throne of Lahore. It is all the same. For He himself is the kite and He himself is the string.

Such was the man whom Baba Bulleh Shah made his Murshid. This action of Baba Bulleh Shah, however, was highly displeasing to his family. His relatives tried to induce him to give up Inayat and find another murshid. But Baba Bulleh Shah was firm and paid no attention to them or to their wailings. The following will sufficiently demonstrate the indignation of the family: Bulleh nu samjhawan aiyaan bhena te bharjhaiyaan
Aal nabi ullad Nabi nu tu kyun leekaan laaiyaan
Manlay Bulleya sada kehna chad de palla raiyaan To Bulleh sisters and sisters-in-law came to explain (advise). Why, O Bulleh, have you blackened the family of the Prophet and the descendants of Ali? Listen to our advice, Bulleh, and leave the skirt of the aria. To this reproach Baba Bulleh Shah firmly but indifferently replies: Jehra sanu saiyad akkhe dozakh miln sazaiya
Jehra sanu rai akkhe bahishti piga paiya
Je tu lore bag bahara Bullhia Talib ho ja raiya. He who calls me a Saiyyid, shall receive punishments in Hell, he who calls me an arai shall in heaven have swings; O Bulleh, if you want pleasures of the garden become a disciple of the aria. Raeen saain sabhan thaain rab diyaan be parwaiyaan
Sohniyaan pare hataiyaan te khoojiyaan lay gall laiyaan Arain and masters are born at every place, God does not discriminate against anyone. Wise people don't care for such differences, only the ugly ones do Je tu loorain baag baharaan chaakar hoo ja raiyaan
Bulleh Shah di zaat ki puchni shakar ho razaiyaan If you seek to the gardens of heaven, become a servant to the ‘Arains’. Why ask about the caste of Bulleh Shah? Instead be grateful in the God's will.
Baba Bulleh Shah seems to have suffered at the hands of his family, as he has once or twice mentioned in his poetry. In the end, being convinced of the sincere love and regard of their child for Inayat Shah, the family left him alone. It is said that one of his sisters, who understood her brother, gave him her support and encouraged him in his search for truth. After the demise of Hadrat Shah Inayat, Baba Bullhe Shah returned to Kasur. He remained faithful to his Beloved and to himself by not marrying. The sister who understood him also remained single and kept him company in his last years. He died in A.D. 1758 and was buried in Kasur, where his tomb still exists. May Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala elevate his Status and bless with a part from the Divine Love of Hadrat Sayyid Abdullah Shah Qadiri that he had for HIM (Almighty) and accept our remembrance of the Great Wali and the Sufi Master and make it a medium for us to receive his divine mercy and blessings… Aameen!!

حضرت شیخ الاسلام غوث بہاؤ الحق و الدین سیدنا زکریا ملتانی سُہروردی علیہ الرحمة

خاندانی حالات و علم و فضل حضرت مخدوم شیخ بہاﺅالدین زکریا ملتانی رحمة اللہ علیہ خاندان سہروردیہ کے بڑے بزرگ اور عارف کامل گزرے ہیں۔ حافظ‘ قاری‘ محدث‘ مفسر‘ عالم‘ فاضل‘ عارف‘ ولی سب کچھ تھے‘ ۔ شیخ الشیوخ حضرت شہاب الدین سہروردی رحمة اللہ علیہ کے خلیفہ تھے۔ ہندوستان کے اندر آپ ولیوں میں باز سفید کے نام سے مشہور تھے۔ حضرت شیخ بہاؤالدین زکریا ملتانی رحمة اللہ علیہ ساتویں صدی ہجری کے مجدددین میں شمار کئے جاتے ہیں آپ ظاہری و باطنی علوم میں یکتائے روزگار تھے ، اسلام کے عظیم مبلغ تھے. آپ کے جد امجد مکہ معظمہ سے پہلے خوارزم آئے ، پھر ملتان میں مستقل سکونت اختیار کی۔ آپ یہیں پیدا ہوئے۔ آپ رحمة اللہ علیہ نسبتاً قریشی ہیں۔ آپ 578ھ میں پیدا ہوئے۔ یہ عہد خسرو ملک غزنوی کا عہد تھا۔ آپ کی ولادت ملتان سے قریب ایک علاقے کوٹ کہرور ضلع لیّہ میں ٢٧ رمضان المبارک شب جمعہ کو ہوئی۔ آپ کی والدہ نے رمضان کے دنوں میں آپ کو ہر چند دودھ پلانا چاہا مگر آپ نے نہ پیا جو آپ کی کرامت ہے۔ بارہ سال کی عمر تک آپ رحمة اللہ علیہ ملتان میں ہی تعلیم حاصل کرتے رہے۔ اس کے بعد آپ رحمة اللہ علیہ خراسان تشریف لے گئے۔ اسی عمر میں آپ رحمة اللہ علیہ حافظ و قاری ہو گئے تھے۔
والد گرامی کے انتقال کے بعد آپ رحمة اللہ علیہ نے محض حصول علم و فن کیلئے پیادہ پا خراسان کا سفر کیا۔ اس کے بعد بلخ بخارا و بغداد اور مدینہ منورہ کے شہرہ آفاق مدارس میں رہ کر سند فضیلت حاصل کی۔ پانچ سال تک مدینہ منورہ ہی میں رہے جہاں حدیث پڑھی بھی اور پڑھائی بھی۔ غرض پندرہ سال اسلام کے مشہور مدارس و جامعات میں رہ کر مقعولات اور منقولات کی تکمیل کی۔ مدینہ منورہ ہی میں حضرت کمال الدین محمد یمنی محدث رحمة اللہ علیہ سے احادیث کی تصحیح کرتے رہے۔ جب پورا تجربہ حاصل ہو گیا تو آپ رحمة اللہ علیہ مکہ معظمہ میں حاضر ہوئے اور یہاںسے بیت المقدس پہنچ کر انبیاءکرام علیہم السلام کے مزارات کی زیارات کیں۔ اس عرصہ میں نا صرف یہ کہ آپ علوم ظاہر کی تکمیل میں مصروف رہے بلکہ بڑے بڑے بزرگان دین اور کاملین علوم باطنی کی صحبتوں سے بھی فیض یاب ہوئے۔ بڑے بڑے مشائخ سے ملے۔ فیوض باطنی حاصل کئے اور پاکبازانہ و متقیانہ زندگی بسر کرتے رہے۔ جس وقت آپ بغداد شریف وارد ہوئے تو ایک جید عالم تھے۔ ١٥ سال کی عمر میں حفظِ قرآن ، حسنِ قرأت، علومِ عقلیہ و نقلیہ اور ظاہری و باطنی علوم سے بھی مرصع ہوگئے تھے ۔ آپ کی یہ خصوصیت تھی کہ آپ قرآن مجید کی ساتوں قرأت (سبعہ قرأت) پر مکمل عبور رکھتے تھے۔ آپ نے حصول علم کیلئے خراسان ، بخارا ، یمن، مدینة المنورة ، مکة المکرمة ، حلب، دمشق، بغداد، بصرہ، فلسطین اور موصل کے سفر کر کے مختلف ماہرین علومِ شرعیہ سے اکتساب کیا۔ شیخ طریقت کی تلاش میں آپ ، اپنے زمانہ کے معاصرین حضرت ِ خواجہ فرید الدین مسعود گنجِ شکر، حضرت سید جلال الدین شاہ بخاری (مخدوم جہانیاں جہاں گشت) اور حضرت سید عثمان لعل شاہباز قلندر رحمہم اللہ کے ساتھ سفر کرتے رہے۔
رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے خرقہ خلافت دلایا بیت المقدس سے مختلف بلاد مشائخ اور مزارات کی زیارت کرتے ہوئے مدینة العلم بغداد میں آئے تو اس وقت حضرت شیخ شہاب الدین عمر سہروردی رحمة اللہ علیہ کا طوطی بول رہا تھا۔ ان کی ذات گرامی مرجع خلائق بنی ہوئی تھے۔ بڑا دربار تھا ‘ بڑا تقدس ۔ آپ رحمة اللہ علیہ ان کی خدمت میں حاضر ہوئے تو دیکھتے ہی فرمایا باز سفید آ گیا۔ جو میرے سلسلہ کا آفتاب ہو گا اور جس سے میرا سلسلہ بیعت وسعت پذیر ہوگا۔ آپ رحمة اللہ علیہ نے ادب سے گردن جھکائی۔ شیخ رحمة اللہ علیہ نے اسی روز حلقہ ارادت میں لے لیا اور تمام توجہات آپ کی طرف مرکوز تھیں۔ صرف سترہ روز بعد درجہ ولایت کو پہنچا کر باطنی دولت سے مالا مال اور خرقہ خلافت عطا کر کے رخصت کر دیا۔ خانقاہ شیخ الشیوخ تو اس وقت دنیا کی سب سے بڑی روحانی یونیورسٹی تھی جس میں ہر وقت اور ہمیشہ درویشوں اور طریقت والوں کا ہجوم رہتا تھا۔ اس وقت اور بھی بہت سے بزرگ ان کی خدمت میں موجود تھے۔ جو مدت سے خرقہ خلافت کا انتظار کر رہے تھے۔ انہوں نے جو دیکھا کہ مخدو م بہاﺅالدین رحمة اللہ علیہ کو آتے ہی خلافت بھی مل گئی اورہم تو برسوں سے خدمت کر رہے ہیں‘ اب تک یہ مرتبہ حاصل نہ ہوا اور یہ نوجوان چند روز ہی میں کمال کو پہنچ گیا۔ حضرت شہاب الدین سہروردی رحمة اللہ علیہ نے الحمد للہ نور باطن سے معلوم کر کے فرمایا کہ تم بہاﺅ الدین رحمة اللہ علیہ کی حالت پر کیا رشک کرتے ہو وہ تو چوبِ خشک تھا جسے فوراً آگ لگ گئی اور بھڑک اٹھی۔ تم چوبِ تَر کی مانند ہو جو سلگ سلگ کر جل رہی ہے اور جلتے جلتے ہی جلے گی۔ پھر سب لوگ سمجھ گئے کہ یہ تمام امور‘ فضل الٰہی پر منحصر ہیں۔
سترھویں شب ہی کو مخدوم صاحب نے خواب میں دیکھا کہ ایک بڑا آراستہ مکان ہے جو انوار تجلیات سے جگمگا رہا ہے ‘ درمیان میں تخت پر حضور صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم جلوہ افروز ہیں۔ دائیں جانب حضرت شیخ الشیوخ دست بستہ مودب کھڑے ہیں اور قریب ہی چند خرقے آویزاں ہیں۔ حضور نبی کریم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے مخدوم صاحب کو سامنے بلایا اور ہاتھ پکڑ کر اسے حضرت شیخ الشیوخ کے ہاتھ میں دے دیا اور فرمایا کہ میں اسے تمہارے سپرد کرتا ہوں۔ ان خرقوں میں سے ایک خرقہ بہاﺅالدین کو پہنا دو۔ چنانچہ انہوںنے تعمیل حکم کے طور پر آپ کو ایک خرقہ پہنا دیا۔ صبح ہوتی ہے حضرت شیخ الشیوخ نے آپ کو بلایا اور فرمایا کہ رات کو جو خرقہ عطا ہوا ہے وہ تجھے رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کی طرف سے عطا ہوا ہے۔ آپ نے وہ خرقہ پہنایا اور حکم دیا کہ اب ملتان پہنچ کر ہدایت خلق میں مصروف ہو جاﺅ ۔ یہ تھا حضرت مخدوم صاحب کا مرتبہ کہ ستر ہ روز میں خلافت ملی ‘ حکم نبوی صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم سے ملی‘ سب کچھ دکھا کر ملی ‘ گویا آپ کو خود رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے ملتان میں پنجاب ‘ سندھ اور سرحد میں روشنی پھیلانے کیلئے متعین کیا تھا۔ شیخ کے حکم پر آپ ہندوستان کے علاقہ ملتان میں تبلیغِ دین میں مصروف ہوئے ۔ آپ کے ذریعے ہزاروں ہندو ،مسلمان ہوئے جبکہ لاکھوں مسلمان راہ یاب اور کامیاب ہوئے۔ آپ کے ملفوظات اور مکتوبات طبع ہوچکے ہیں ، جن میں سے یہ ایک جملہ مکمل اسلامی زندگی کا احاطہ کرتا ہے ۔ '' جسم کی سلامتی کم کھانے میں ، روح کی سلامتی گناہوں کے ترک میں اور دین کی سلامتی نبی کریم صاحبِ لولاک علیہ الصلوٰة والسلام پر درود بھیجنے میں ہے ۔''
دار الاسلام ملتان کا سہروردی مدرسہ ملتان دارالسلام تھا۔ اتنے عرصہ میں فضا اور بدل چکی تھی۔ حالانکہ آپ یہیں کے رہنے والے تھے مگر پھر بھی چونکہ آپ صاحب ولایت اور بااقتدار اور باکمال ہو کر آرہے تھے اس لئے مشائخین ملتان کو آپ کا ملتان آنا ناگوار گزرا۔ انہوں نے دودھ کا پیالہ آپ کے پاس بھیجا جس کا مقصد یہ اشارہ تھا کہ یہاں کا میدان پہلے ہی سرسبز ہے اور ملتان میں آپ کیلئے کوئی جگہ نہیں۔ آپ نے اشارہ سمجھ کر دودھ کے بھرے پیالے میں ایک گلاب کاپھول ڈال کر بھیج دیا۔ جس سے یہ ظاہر کرنا مقصود تھا کہ گو کہ یہ پیالہ لبالب ہے، یہاں جگہ نہیں مگر میں مثل اس پھول کے یہاں رہوں گا اور میرے رہنے سے نہ کسی کی جگہ پر اثر پڑے گا نہ کسی پر بار رہوں گا۔ آپ 614ھ میں ملتان پہنچے اس وقت آپ کی عمر 36‘37 برس کی تھی۔ آپ نے ملتان پہنچ کر ملتان کا نقشہ ہی بدل دیا۔ اس کی شہرت کو ہمدوش ثریا بنا دیا۔ آپ نے عظیم الشان مدرسہ رفیع المنزلت خانقاہ و عریض لنگر خانہ ‘ پر شکوہ مجلس خانہ اور خوبصورت عالی شان سرائیں اور مساجد تعمیر کرائیں۔ اس وقت ملتان کا مدرسہ ہندوستان کی مرکزی اسلامی یونیورسٹی کی حیثیت رکھتا تھا جس میں جملہ علوم منقول کی تعلیم ہوتی تھی ۔ بڑے بڑے لائق اور وحید العصر معلم پروفیسر اس میں فقہ و حدیث، تفسیر قرآن ‘ ادب‘ فلسفہ و منطق ریاضی و ہیت کی تعلیم دیتے تھے۔نہ صرف ہندوستان بلکہ بلاد ایشیاءعراق شام تک کے طلباءاس مدرسہ میں زیر تعلیم تھے۔ طلباءکی ایسی کثرت تھی کہ ہندوستان میں اس کی کوئی نظیر نہیں تھی۔ لنگر خانہ سے دونوں وقت کھانا ملتا تھا ۔ ان کے قیام کیلئے سینکڑوں حجرے بنے ہوئے تھے۔ اس جامعہ اسلامیہ نے ایشیا کے بڑے بڑے نامور علماءو فضلا پیدا کئے ‘ ملتان کی علمی و لٹریری شہرت کو فلک الافلاک تک پہنچا دیا۔
سیاسیات پر گہر اثر و رسوخ حضرت صاحب علیہ الرحمة کا قرونِ وسطیٰ کی سیاسیات پر گہر اثر و رسوخ تھا چنانچہ ملتان پر اقتدار قائم رکھنے میں ــ''التمش '' (٦٠٧ ھ /١٢١٠ء تا ٦٣٣ھ /١٢٣٥ء) نے آپ سے ہمیشہ مدد چاہی اور حضرت شیخ نے بھی اس کی دین داری اور رعایا پر وری کو ملاحظہ فرما کر اسے بڑی مدد دی ، ٦٤٤ھ /١٢٤٦ء میں منگولوں کے حملوں سے ملتان کو محفوظ رکھنے میں مؤثر کردار ادا کیا۔ آپ بابا گنج شکر کے خالہ زاد بھائی تھے۔ مشہور شاعر عراقی آپ کا داماد تھا۔ والی سندھ اور ملتان ناصر الدین قباچہ کو آپ سے بہت عقیدت تھی۔
وصال شریف آپ کی وفات ِحسرت آیات ٧ صفر ٦٦١ ھ/٢١ دسمبر ١٢٦١ء کو ہوئی۔ آپ کا مزار شریف قلعہ محمد بن قاسم کے آخر میں مرجع خلائق ہے، مزار کی عمارت پر کاشی کا کام قابل دید ہے اور سینکڑوں اشعار یاد رکھنے کے لائق ہیں، مزار کا احاطہ ہر قسم کی خرافات سے پاک ہے ۔ عرس کے موقع پر علماء کرام کی تقاریر خلق خدا کی ہدایت کاسامان بنتی ہیں، اندرون سندھ سے مریدین اور معتقدین کے قافلے پا پیادہ حاضر ہوتے ہیں۔ آپ کا وصال ٦٦١ھ میں اٹھاسی سال کی عمر میں ہوا۔ حضرت خواجہ غریب نواز ٦٦٦ھ حضرت قطب الاقطاب ٦٣٣ھ حضرت بابا صاحب ٦٦٦ھ اور حضرت مخدوم صاحب ٦٦٦ھ میں وصال پا گئے، یہ عہد کتنا مبارک عہد تھا۔

(ماخوذ ''دائرہ معارف اسلامیہ '' جلد ٥، صفحہ ٩٤، ٩٥۔۔۔۔۔۔ ''نزہة الخواطر'' جلد ١ صفحہ ١٢٠، ١٢١ ۔۔۔۔۔۔ ''تذکرہ اولیائے سندھ '' صفحہ ١٠٩ تا ١١١)