Tuesday, 31 January 2012

The Glorious Companions Commemorating the Blessed Birth [Mawlid an-Nabawi Sharif]

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Dear Readers! In the previous note, we provided the proofs from the Holy Qur'an and the Noble Ahadith on the legitimacy of celebrating the Blessed Birth (Mawlid ash-Sharif) of the Beloved Habeeb al-Kareem Alaihi afdal as-Salati wa at-Tasleem. Now, let us examine the Aqeeda (belief) of the Glorious AsHaab al-Kiraam in this concern, who are the guiding beacons for us. [Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhum Ajma'een]

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Sayings of the Exalted Khulafa ar-Rashideen

Shaykh al-Islam Imam Shihab al-Din Ahmad Ibn Hajar al-Haytami al-Makki al-Shafi’i (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) [d. 974H/1566] in his distinguished book “an-Ni’mat al-Kubra ala al-Aalam fi Mawlidi Sayyidi Waladi Aadam” quoted the following blessed sayings of the Khulafa al-Rashideen (The four rightly guided caliphs) concerning commemorating and celebrating the Mawlid an-Nabawi Sharif:

Hadrat Sayyiduna Abu Bakr as-Siddique (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) says,

من أنفق درهما على قراءة مولد النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كان رفيقي في الجنة
“Whosoever spends one dirham on the birthday of the Holy Prophet (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam), will be with me in Jannah.”

Hadrat Sayyiduna ‘Umar al-Farooq (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) says,


من عظم مولد النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فقد أحيا الإسلام
“Whosoever has respected the Mawlid Sharif of the Holy Prophet (SallAllaho Alaihi Wa Sallam), it is as though he has revived the Deen.”

Hadrat Sayyiduna Uthman al-Ghani (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) says,

من أنفق درهما على قراءة مولد النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فكأنما شهد غزوة بدر وحنين

“Whosoever has spent one dirham on the Birthday of the Holy Prophet (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam), it is as though he was present in Battle of Badr and Hunayn.”


Hadrat Sayyiduna Mawla Ali al-Murtuda (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) says that,


من عظم مولد النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وكان سببا لقراءته لا يخرج من الدنيا إلا بالإيمان ويدخل الجنة بغير حساب
“Whosoever respects the Mawlid Sharif and is a means of motivating a Milad function will take from this world the gift of Imaan and He will enter Jannah without any questioning.” [An-Ne’matul Kubra, Pages 7/8, Published by Hakikat Kitabevi, Istanbul, Turkey]

 
What did the other Noble Companions Believe?

هاجرت إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقدمت عليه منصرفه من تبوك، فأسلمت، فسمعت العباس بن عبد المطلب يقول: يا رسول الله إنى أريد أن أمتدحك، فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: قل، لا يفضض الله فاك
After gaining victory and success in Ghazwa Tabook, when Rasoolullah (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam) arrived in Madinatul Munawwara, Hadrat Sayyiduna Abbas (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu) sought permission from the Prophet (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam) to recite a few stanzas of poetry in his praise. The Mercy to Mankind (Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him) said, "My dear Uncle! Go ahead. May Almighty Allah keep your mouth well."

This is what Sayyiduna al-`Abbas ibn `Abd al-Muttalib said:
 
من قبلها طبت في الظلال وفى مستودع حيث يخصف الورق
ثم هبطت البلاد لا بشر أنت ولا مضغة ولا علق
بل نطفة تركب السفين وقد ألجم نسرا وأهله الغرق
تنقل من صلب إلى رحم إذا مضى عالم بدا طبق
وردت نارا لخليل مستترا في صلبه أنت كيف يحترق
ثم احتوى بيتك المهيمن خندف علياء تحتها النطق
وأنت لما ولدت أشرقت الارض ونارت بنورك الافق
فنحن في ذلك الضياء وفى النور وسبل الرشاد نخترق

... Before you came to this world,
you were excellent in the shadows and in the repository (i.e. loins)
in the time when they (Adam and Eve) covered themselves with leaves.
Then you descended through the ages...
When you were born, the earth shone
and your light illuminated the horizon.
We travel in that illumination and in the light and in the paths of right guidance.”

References:

1. Kitaab al-Wafa, Page 35, Vol. 1
2. Khasais al-Kubra, Page 97, Vol. 1
3. Insaan al-Uyoon page 96, Vol. 1
4. Seerat an-Nabawiya, Page 37
5. Jawahir al-Bihaar, Page 40
6. Anwaar al-Muhammadiyah, Page 62-84
7. Hujjatulahi Ala al-Alameen, Page 222
8. Muwahib al-Laduniyah, Page 23
9. Al Isti’aab Mustadrik, Page 327, Vol. 3
10. al-Bidaya wa an-Nihaya, Page 258, Vol. 2
11. Kitaab al Milal wan Nihal, Page 240, Vol. 2
12. Majma'i Zawa'id, Page 217, Vol. 8
13. Talkhees al-Mustadrik, Page 327, Vol. 3
14. Subul al Huda war-Rashaad, Vol. 5, Page 469
15. Ibn Kathir’s Mawlad al-Mustafa, Page 29-30, Published in Lahore 1958.

Mullah Ali al-Qari in his ‘Sharh ash-Shifa’ (1:364) says it is related by Abu Bakr ash-Shafi`i and Tabarani, and cited by Ibn `Abd al-Barr and Ibn al-Qayyim respectively in ‘al-Isti`ab’ and ‘Huda Nabiyy Allah (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam)’.

This has been stated in distinguished works of great Muhaditheen such as Imam Jalal al-Din as-Suyuti, Muhadith ibn Jauzi, Allamah Ibn Hajr, Allamah Halbi, Allamah Dahlaan Makki, Allamah Nabhaani, Allamah ibn Abdul Barr, Allamah Haakim, Ibn Kathir and Allamah Sharastaani (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhum al-Ajma’een).


Those who object on praising the Beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam in poetry and reciting his praise on his mawlid must take a serious note to it!!

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Flags on the Birth of Beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam:

Sayyidatuna Aamina Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anha states,

ورأيت ثلاثة أعلام مضروبات علما في المشرق وعلما في المغرب وعلما على ظهر الكعبة فأخذني المخاض فولدت محمدا صلى الله عليه وسلم
“I saw three flags posted. One in the east, one in west and the third one over the roof of the Ka’ba and Muhammad's (beloved Prophet’s Peace and Blessings be Upon Him) blessed birth took place.” [Khasais al-Kubra, Vol. 1, Page 82, Published from Dar al-Kutub Ilmia, Beirut – Lebanon]

Beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam and His Companions Entered Madina Munawwarah Carrying a Flag:
 
When the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) migrated to Madinah Munawwarah, on reaching MoDa-e-Gameem near Madina, Burayda Aslami along with 70 Horse riders of Bani Saham Tribe came to the Prophet 
(peace and blessings be upon him) to arrest him (Ma’aadh Allah) but being inspired of the Prophet’s blessed and wonderful personality, he  was impressed and accepted Islam along with his tribe. Then he asked the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him)

لا تدخل المدینة الا ومعك لواء، فحل عمامة ثم شدھا في رمح ثم مشی بین یدیه صلی الله علیه وسلم
Please do not enter Madinah Munawwarah until we have a flag. So, he tied his turban on his arc and entered in Madinah Munawwarah with Prophet Sallallaho Alaihi Wasallam carrying that FLAG. [Wafa al-Wafa, Vol. 1, Page 243, published from Dar aHya at-Turath al-Arabi, Berut – Lebanon]


The Noble Companion of Beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam recite his Mawlid and Praise Him

Hadrat Hassan Ibn Thaabit (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu) said:
 
وأحسن منك لم تر قط عيني
Wa aH'sanu Minka Lum taraqattu 'Aienee
I haven’t seen a lovely personality like you

وأجمل منك لم تلد النساء
Wa Ajmalu Minka Lum Talidin Nisa'u
And no mother has given birth to such a beautiful personality

خُلِقْتَ مبرءاً من كل عيب
Khuliqta Mubarra'am Min Kulli 'Aiebin
You are created free from every fault

كأنك قد خُلِقْتَ كما تشاء
Ka'Annaka Qud Khuliqta Kama Tasha'u
You were created, as you wanted to be

References:

1. Tafseer al-Aalusi, Chapter 2, Vol. 7, Page 422
2. Tafseer Rooh al-Ma'ani, Vol. 2, Page 34


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And witness how the Beloved Prophet of Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala rewarded him. Hadrat Aaisha (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anha) narrates that Holy Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) built a pulpit for Hadrat Hassan (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu) in the Masjid al-Nabawi Sharif, and Hadrat Hassan use to eulogise the Prophet (Salallaho alaihi wa sallam) standing on that pulpit giving answers to the polytheists on behalf of Sayyiduna Muhammadur Rasoolullah (Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam). For this act of Hadrat Hassan, the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam) said

إن روح القدس لا يزال يؤيدك ما نافحت عن الله ورسوله صلى الله عليه وسلم
"Jibril al-Ameen (RooH al-Quds) assists Hassan while he recites and refutes mushrikeen on their accusations upon Allah and His Prophet Peace and Blessings be upon Him"

References:

1. Sunan al-Kubra lil Bayhaqi, Vol. 10, Page 238
2. Mau'jam al-Kabir lil Tibrani, Vol. 4, Page 35
3. Musannaf Ibn Abi Shayba, Vol. 6, Page 173
4. Dalail al-Nabuwwah, Vol. 5, Page 75
5. Sahih Muslim, Vol. 16, Page 226
6. Sunan Abi Dawood, Vol. 14, Page 357

Spending on the Celebrations of Mawlid Sharif
 
Hadrat Sayyiduna Hasan Basri (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu) said,

قال حسن البصري رضي الله تعالی عنه وددت لو کان لی مثل جبل احد ذھبا فانفقته علی قراءة مولد النبي صلی الله علیه وسلم
"I would like to have gold equivalent to the Mountain of Uhud so that I should be able to spend it on the Mawlid Sharif of the Holy Prophet (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam)." [An-Ne'mat al-Kubra, Page 6, Published by Hakikat Kitabevi, Istanbul, Turkey]

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Friday, 27 January 2012

Blessed be the moment of Prophet’s birth; When unsurpassed glory spread over the earth!!

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All praise is to Allah, the Lord of The Creation, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful, Owner of the Day of Recompense, Who blessed us with being the Ummah of His Beloved Rasool SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam, Who sanctified our hearts with the Love and Affection towards His Beloved Rasool SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam, Who blessed us the with the most precious treasure of Iman (Faith). Countless Salutations, Peace and Blessings be upon the Cream of the Creation... Mercy for all Worlds... Seal of the Prophets Sayyiduna wa Mawlana MuHammadur Rasoolullah Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam, His Blessed Parents, His entire Family, His Progeny, His Companions and His Followers!!

AlHamduLILLAH Thumma AlHamduLILLAH!! We are again blessed with the arrival and celebration of this Blessed Month of Rabi al-Noor. May ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala bless us all with the blessings of this holy month and give us an opportunity to explore and enjoy the blessings of this holy month in Madina al-Munawwarah, the city of HIS Habeeb al-Kareem Alaihi afDalus Salati wa al-Tasleem... Aameen!!

Dear Friends! After promising ourselves to quit the injurious company of the deviants on the 93rd Urs-e-Razawi, now it’s time to make ourselves an example of the blessed teachings of the Beloved Prophet Muhammad SallAllahu Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam! Today, it is a tragedy that we do not derive lessons and benefits from the teachings of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SallAllahu Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam as his faithful followers ought to do. The real and true method of celebrating the birth of the Beloved Habeeb SallAllahu Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam is by intensely concentrating on his actions and trying to benefit as much as possible from his words. We should also try to imitate the Noble Companions Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhum Ajma'een — the model disciples and followers, in our homes and outside, in businesses and private and social gatherings.

We should celebrate the birth of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SallAllahu Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam with the same glow and serene devotion as that of the Companions of the Holy Prophet Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhum Ajma'een and the early Muslims. We profess love for Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SallAllahu Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam and express it by celebrating his birthday. However, our lives and outlook should bear remembrance in the true sense of the word. Now that we have the tremendous advantage of acquiring and spreading knowledge, there is no excuse on our part for not following the life and teachings of the Holy Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam to reinforce and fasten our covenant with Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala.


 
Let us make ourselves ready to welcome the Blessed Month of Rabi' al-Awwal Sharif with some special gifts and pleasant changes in ourselves. There are plenty of things we can do, for e.g.

1. We can try to recite the Holy Quran al-Kareem at least once in a day. Let it be One Ayah, One Ruku', One Chapter or as much as we can.

2. We must try our level best to offer all five (5) obligatory prayers at their particular timings and not to leave Jama’ah (Congregation), especially the FAJR Prayer.

3. Try observing a voluntary (nafl) fast on Monday for thankfulness because the Holy Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam himself fasted on this day.

4. My brothers who shave the blessed Sunnah of Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him) i.e. the beard, can put their effort to beautify their faces with the beard. Sayyiduna Ibn ‘Umar Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah has said, “Do the opposite of what the polytheists do; let the beard grow long and clip the mustache.” A version has, “trim the mustache down and leave the beard.”

5. My sisters who do not observe a proper Veil (Hijab) can protect themselves by observing the proper veil (Hijab), as it’s also necessary for a Muslim woman. In Surah 33, Verse 59, Almighty Allah says: “O Prophet! Enjoin upon your wives, your daughters and women believers to draw their clothes around them. That is more proper, so that they may be recognized and not be molested.” A newly converted Muslim woman when observed Hijab for the first time, said, “It feels more protected than having huge security of armed forces” – wa alHamduLILLAH

6. Let us delete all movies and songs saved in our PCs, laptops, iPods, cell phones or any other device and move the CDs, DVDs and cassettes to the trash bin. It is stated in Bayhaqi's Shu'ab al-Iman and Kanz al-'Ummal that Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him) said, “Songs (Music) cultivate Nifaq (evil) in the minds similar to water growing the crop”

7. We can make an attempt to feed the poor and destitute according to our own ability.

8. We can try making arrangements for clothes or other requirements of someone in need or of a widow.

9. We can make an effort and make arrangements for the fees and books of a poor or orphan child.

10. Try making arrangements for the medicines of a needy patient or at least helping his family with clothing and other requirements.

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11. If a person in need has taken loan from us, we should either pardon the entire loan or a part of it based on our own ability, just for the sake of Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala and the blessed birth of the Holy Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam. Also, the person can be given some more time to return the loan.

12. Try meeting relatives, friends and neighbours and presenting them with authentic books on the biography of the Holy Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam, admonishing them to be steadfast on the teachings of Islam and making them pay attention towards Salah, Sawm and other Islamic duties.

13. Those having an habit or I must say disease of swearing and using abusive slang language in their conversations must leave this act as it is detested by Almighty Allah and is taken as an unethical act even by the general public.

14. Another Beautiful Sunnah Mubarak of our Beloved Prophet Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him is to wear the blessed Turban. Wearing a turban is the tradition of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam), especially during the prayers. The prayer that is performed wearing a turban carries more reward and according to another narration, the prayer performed wearing a turban carries 70 times reward than that of without the Turban.

15. Recite as much as Durood Sharif as we can. Apart from the virtues and blessings of reciting Durood Sharif described in Ahadith, this will also help us avoid unnecessary and unwanted talks and gossips and reward for avoiding useless conversation will be achieved as a bonus in sha Allah!!

16. We must try and make a paramount effort towards lighting up our homes and surrounding area and making the pathways clean.

17. We must keep our parents pleased and contented with ourselves at the extreme. We have to make sure that we don’t give them a single chance to complain to any of our action that can possibly hurt them.

18. We must try transforming our internal conflicts into love and making a covenant to live and work together and that none amongst us will ever create conflicts.

19. We have to respect our elders especially our parents, grandparents and teachers. Also, we should be kind, affectionate and loving towards our younger and give them sweets, toffees and other small gifts that please them.

20. Last but not the least, we must read and share the narrations of celebrating the blessed Birth of the Beloved Prophet Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him from the authentic books of our prominent Ahl as-Sunnah Scholars in sha ALLAH!!


To conclude,

If we ascetically act upon all the above said advices or even few of them, I am pretty sure that we would become eligible to be called a practical and true Muslim. May Allah give us the tawfeeq, increase our strength and keep us firm upon whatever good we intend to do.

Let us offer such special gifts in the August Court of the Master of the Mankind, King of the Creation of Allah Almighty, Our Master, Our Beloved Prophet MuHammad Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam on his Birthday. May ALLAH Azza wa Jall and His Beloved Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him) accept our humble presents… Aameen!!

JazakALLAHu Khariah aHsan al-Jaza fid Daarain in anticipation and the Blessed Month of Rabi' al-Noor Mubarak to everyone once again!!
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Preparing for Rabi' al-Awwal Sharif

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Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala sent his final and beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam to this world in the blessed month of Rabi’ al-Awwal. The arrival of the Beloved Messenger SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam to this world is the greatest gift from the gifts of Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala. The Noble Qur’an, in several places, teaches us to mention the gifts of Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala immensely and that we should express joy and happiness due to them and we should thank Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala for the gifts bestowed upon us. Thus, on the occasion of the blessed month of Rabi’ al-Awwal, Eid Milad of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam is celebrated throughout the Islamic World. Let us also celebrate the birth of the Beloved Master SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam and thus express joy and happiness for this great bounty that Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala has bestowed upon us.

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Following are some advices regarding preparations for Rabi' al-Awwal Sharif from Shaykh Habib Umar bin Muhammad bin Salem Bin Hafiz (may Allah preserve him) that he delivered while answering to the following questions:

Is any special formula of prayer upon the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) that we should read during Rabi` al-Awwal?

He said that there is no doubt that this is the month of bestowing prayers upon the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). Many of the pious of the Ummah are united with the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) in this month. Any formula that we read is beneficial. You benefit according to the degree to which your heart is filled with the intention of obeying the command (to bestow prayers upon him) and love, longing and veneration for him. Read whatever formula you know and while doing so ask Allah to relieve the suffering of the Muslims.

Habib `Ali bin Salim al-Ada`j bin Shaykh Abu Bakr bin Salim saw the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) at the blessed shubbak (the grille in front of his grave) and asked him to teach him a formula to read. He told him to read:

اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ على سَيِّدِنا مُحَمَّدٍ حَبِيبِ الرَّحْمَنْ عَدَدَ ما يَكوُن و ما قَدْ كَانْ
“O Allah, bestow Your prayers upon our Master Muhammad,
the Beloved of the Most Compassionate to the number of things that will be and that were.”

What is the most beautiful gift that someone can give to the Messenger of Allah in the month of Rabi` al-Awwal?

In reality we are unable to benefit him in any way but what pleases him is for us to understand his speech and his teachings and through that to attain high stations. He is thus content with that which benefits us.

One of the greatest of those things (as we understand from the Book and the Sunnah) is for us to be a means of guidance for someone. That person may be a non-Muslim who accepts Islam or a disobedient or heedless Muslim who repents and becomes upright.

Another thing is giving life to his Sunnah and establishing it. If we establish the Sunnah in our homes and teach it to our children this makes him happy because it us that benefit from this. He said in the hadith: “Whoever brings life to my Sunnah during the time of corruption of my Ummah will have the reward of a martyr” (or in one narration “one hundred martyrs”).

Another thing is to do good to the creation in general, to the believers specifically, and the elite of the believers more specifically.

A further thing is to strengthen our love for the believers, for the people of the Prophetic Household and for the Companions.

Finally, we should make big intentions in Rabi’ al-Awwal, such as gathering together with our brothers and attending or arranging lessons or courses.

How can we inspire people to long for the Messenger of Allah?

By mentioning his virtues, qualities and his life.
By embodying his character and his dealing.
By deepening our love, longing and veneration for him.

If such a person speaks he will have such an effect on those listening such that they begin to long for the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace).


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Saturday, 21 January 2012

P E A R L S O F S P I R I T U A L I T Y Gleaned from the writings of Sayyiduna AlaHadrat Imām Aḥmad Riḍā Khān al Qādirī Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu

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I | Ignorant Ṣūfīs

The noble friends of Allāh SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala state – “an ignorant ṣūfī is shayṭān’s joke.” Similarly, a ḥadīth of the noble Messenger of Allāh SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam informs us –


فقيه واحد اشد على الشيطان من الف عابدين
“A single jurist is severer upon shayṭān than a thousand worshippers.” [Tirmidhī and ibn Mājah]

Those who remain ignorant yet strive hard in their worship are merely made to dance by shayṭān upon his fingers. He places bridles in their mouths and tangs in their noses, and thus drags them wherever he wishes, whilst they convince themselves that they are accumulating good deeds.

Sayyidunā Junayd al Baghdādī Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu  states –


“my spiritual guide, Sayyidunā Sirrī Saqtī Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu  supplicated for me thus – ‘may Allāh SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala grant you the knowledge of ḥadīth and then make you a ṣūfī, and may He not make you a ṣūfī before granting you the knowledge of ḥadīth.” [Iḥyā 'Ulūm ud-Dīn; Vol. 1; Page 13]

Sayyidunā Imām al Ghazālī Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu states – whilst explaining this statement –


“here, Sayyidunā Sirrī Saqtī Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu meant that the one who steps into the field of taṣawwuf armed with the knowledge of ḥadīth is victorious, whereas the one who ventures forth without knowledge is merely (– Allāh forbid! –) placing himself into destruction.

Sayyidunā Abu-l Qāsim Junayd al Baghdādī Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu states –


“the one who has neither memorised the Qurān, nor written ḥadīth (meaning the one who lacks the knowledge of the jurisprudence) shouldn’t be followed by seekers of the path (of taṣawwuf,) nor should he be taken as a murshid [spiritual guide,] as all our knowledge of ṭarīqah is in obedience to the Book and sunnah.”

Sayyidunā Sirrī Saqtī Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu states –


“taṣawwuf is the name of the coming together of three qualities: firstly, the light of his (meaning the spiritual traveller’s) gnosis should not extinguish his light of asceticism. Secondly, he should not utter anything esoterically which exoterically contradicts the Qurān or noble ḥadīth. Finally, none of his miracles should be a means of him revealing that which Allāh SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala has forbidden to be revealed.” [Risālat ul Qushayriyah; Page 13]

Sayyidunā Shaykh Shihāb ud-Dīn as-Suharwardī Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu states –


“that ‘ḥaqīqah’ which contradicts the sharī'ah is not in reality ḥaqīqah, but rather plain heresy.” [Awārif ul Ma'ārif; Vol. 1; Page 43]

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II | The Definition of 'Ilm

The definition of an 'ālim is that he –

  • is aware of the correct 'aqāid in their entirety;
  • has a firm, independent resolve;
  • and is able to extract his necessities from the corpus of religious literature without the help of another.
('ilm is not merely attained through the study of books,) but rather is also attained by discussion with the people of knowledge.[Malfūżāt; Page 58]

III | The meanings of Bay'ah and ṭalab

In becoming ṭālib, one’s intent is merely the acquisition of spiritual bounties, whilst the meaning of bay'ah is “to sell oneself entirely.” [Malfūżāt; Page 228]

IV | Conditions of Bay'ah

The bay'ah should be upon the hand of such an individual who embodies the following four qualities – in the case of him lacking even one of these qualities, bay'ah will not be valid upon his hand –

  • he must be a sunnī with the correct creed;
  • he should possess at least such a level of knowledge that enables him to extract his necessities from the corpus of religious texts without the help of another;
  • his chain back to the Messenger of Allāh SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam should be continuous and unbroken;
  • and he should be free from open fisq (transgression.) [Malfūżāt; Page 228]
V | Bay'ah in our times

Nowadays, people take bay'ah only as a trend, remaining ignorant of its true meaning. Bay'ah can be understood by means of the following account –


A murīd of Sayyidunā Yaḥya al Munīrī Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu was once drowning in the ocean. Sayyidunā Khiḍr appeared to him and said – “give me your hand, I will rescue you.”

He replied – “I have already given my hand to Shaykh Yaḥya al Munīrī, and will now not give it to anyone else.”

Thus Sayyidunā Khiḍr disappeared, to be replaced by Sayyidunā Yaḥya al Munīrī Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu who rescued him. [Malfūżāt; Pages 228/9]

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VI | Renewing one’s Bay'ah

The practice of renewing one’s bay'ah dates from the blessed era of the noble Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam, with the Messenger SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam himself taking bay'ah from Sayyidunā Salāmah bin Akwa Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu three times during a single gathering. They when headed for jihād when bay'ah was taken the first time, and Sayyidunā Salāmah Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu pledged his allegiance then.

After a short while, our Master SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said – “Salāmah, will you not take bay'ah?”

When Sayyidunā Salāmah Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu replied – “my master, I have already done so,” the Messenger SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said – “once more.”

Thus Sayyidunā Salāmah Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu took bay'ah again. When all others present had finished pledging their allegiance, the Messenger of Allāh SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said once more – Salāmah, will you not take bay'ah?”

He Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu replied – “my Master, I have already done so twice.”

The Messenger SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said – “once more,” and thus he took bay'ah for the third time in that gathering. [Kashūl Faqīr Qādirī; Pages 48/9]

VII | Bay'ah from more than one Shaykh

(It is possible to leave a shaykh and take bay'ah upon the hand of another) in the case of there being some discrepancy (with regards the pristine sharī'ah) in the first shaykh. Otherwise it is not permissible, though one can always renew bay'ah.

'Adī bin Musāfir Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu says – “whoever comes to me, I accept his bay'ah regardless of his silsilah [spiritual lineage,] with the exception of those pledged in the Qādirī way, for no one leaves the ocean for the river.”

VIII | Acquiring the rank of fanā fis-Shaykh

(The rank of fanā fis-shaykh is attained by the following spiritual practice –)

Envisage that your shaykh is present in front of you, and that your heart is situated below his. Visualise that the spiritual bounty and luminosity of the Messenger of Allāh SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam is descending upon the heart of your shaykh and from there, cascading upon your heart. After a period, one will reach such a state where he will clearly see his shaykh upon every surface he sets his eyes upon, to such an extent that he will not be separated even during ṣalāh. Thus, your shaykh will remain with you in every state. [Malfūżāt; Page 234]

IX | Benefits of reciting one’s Shajrah

Amongst the benefits that will be attained by reciting one’s shajrah are –

  • memorisation of the continuous spiritual chain which reaches back to the Messenger of Allāh SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam;
  • invoking the mention of the pious, which brings about the descent of Divine mercy;
  • conveying the rewards of one’s deeds to each Spiritual Master individually, which brings about their generous spiritual focus;
  • the mentioning of such luminaries in times of safety will ensure they in turn come to his aid when times of calamity strike. [Aḥkām e Sharī'at; Vol. 1; Page 80]

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X | The Acceptance of Ważāif

To achieve the effect of ważā’if and a'māl , (the fulfilment of) three conditions is essential –

1. Confident Expectancy

For the heart to be free from such anxiety where one is constantly deliberating whether it has had an effect or not. Rather, one must trust wholly in Allāh SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala that He will definitely accept (this action).  It is mentioned in ḥadīth that the Messenger of Allāh SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam stated –

ادعوا الله وانتم موقنون با لاجابة
“Supplicate to Allāh in such a state that you remain certain of its acceptance.” [Sunan at Tirmidhī; Vol. 5; Page 292; Hadith 3590]

2.  Patience and Forbearance

For one not to become fearful with the passage of time, where one thinks – “even after so many days, no effect has become apparent!” This itself will come to be the cause of (the action) not being accepted! Rather, embrace the mindset that without doubt, Allāh and His Messenger SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam are about to generously favour you! Allāh SubHanuhu wa Ta'ala states –


ولو انهم رضوا ما اتاهم الله ورسوله وقالوا حسبنا الله سيوتينا الله من فضله ورسوله انا الى الله راغبون
If only they were content with that which Allāh and His Messenger have given them, and say, “Allāh is enough for us – He will give us some of His bounty and so will His Messenger – to Allāh alone we turn in hope.” [Sūrah al Tawbah; Verse 59]


یستجاب لاحدکم ما لم يعجل فیقول قد دعوت فلم یستجب لي
“Your supplications are accepted as long as you do not hastily say – ‘I supplicated but it is yet to be accepted.’” [Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim; Page 1563; Hadith 2735]

3. With regards permission (to act upon) the entirety of my (meaning 'Ālā Ḥaḍrat’s Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) ważā’if , A'māl and Ta'wīżāt [amulets,] I have stipulated the condition that one must remain regular in offering the five daily ṣalāh with the congregation in the Masjid. And with Allāh is Tawfīq. [Fatāwā Raḍawiyyah; Vol. 23; Page 558]


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Sunday, 15 January 2012

Spiritual Allegiance and Successorship of AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan al-Baraylawi Alaihir raHmah

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In the year 1294 A.H., at the age of 22 years, Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) became the Mureed (Disciple) of Imam al-Asfiya, Sayyiduna Shah Aal-e-Rasool Mahrerwi (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu). The incident surrounding the Bai'at (Spiritual Allegiance) and Khilafat (Spiritual Successorship) of A'la Hadrat (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) is as follows:

Once Hadrat Maulana Abdul Qaadir Badayouni (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) came to Bareilly Shareef. He invited A'la Hadrat (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) to go to Mahrera Shareef with him. Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) accepted his invitation and they both set off to Mahrera Shareef. When they arrived at the station in Mahrera Shareef, A'la Hadrat (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) said,

"I am receiving the scent of my Murshid."

When they reached the Khanqah al-Barakatiyah and entered, Sayyiduna Shah Aal-e-Rasool (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) saw A'la Hadrat (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) and said,

"Come In!! I have been awaiting your presence for a long time."

Sayyiduna Shah Aal-e-Rasool (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) immediately made A'la Hadrat (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) a mureed and blessed him with Khilafat and Ijazat in all the Sufi Salasil (Spiritual Orders).

Hadrat Sayyadina Abul Hussain Noori Barakati (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu), who was also the Peer-o-Murshid of Mawlana Mustafa Rida Khan (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu), was also present in this spiritual gathering. He was also a great Wali Allah and needed no introduction to Sayyiduna A'la Hadrat (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu). For the benefit of the others who were present and to make them aware of the exalted calibre and status of A'la Hadrat (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu), he asked Hadrat Sayyiduna Shah Aal-e-Rasool (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) a question. He asked,

"Huzoor! The ritual here at Mahrehra Shareef is that if any person comes here, and after becoming Mureed desires to gain Khilafat and Ijazat, and then we ask him to perform Mujahida (Struggle in the Path of Allah). We also give him dried bread to eat as part of his Spiritual training. After this, if we find him worthy enough, then we grant him Khilafat and Ijazat of all Salasil, and even commanded him to look at and verify all the books that you have written, Why is this so?"

Sayyiduna Shah Aal-e-Rasool (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) answered with the following words:

"O People! You do not know Ahmad Rida. Others, who come here, need to be prepared before gaining Ijazat and Khilafat. But Ahmad Rida Khan has come prepared from Almighty Allah. All he needed was a link and this is why I made him Mureed... I always shed tears through the fear of Almighty Allah that if on the day of Qiyamah, He questioned me concerning what I had brought for him from the world, then I would have no answer. But today, that fear no longer exists. If one the day of Qiyamah the Almighty asks, 'O Aal-e-Rasool! What have you brought for me?' then, I will immediately present Ahmed Rida Khan (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) to my creator."

This highly spiritual incident alone explains the status of A'la Hadrat, Azeem al-Barkat, Imam Ahmad Raza Khan (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu).

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Imām Ahmad Rīdā’s (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) Spiritual Qādiriyyah Silsilā and Golden Chain of Mashā’ikh
 
1) Mujaddid Ash-Shah Imam Ahmad Rida (1272-1340 /1856-1921) Murid of
2) Khatim al-Akabir Sayyid Shah Aal-e-Rasool Ahmadi al-Husani Qadiri (1209-1296/1795-1879) Murid & nephew of
3) Ghawth al-Waqt Sayyid Shah Aal-e-Ahmad Ache Mia al-Husani Qadiri (1160-1235/1747-1820) Murid and son of
4) Asad al-‘Arifin Sayyid Shah Hamza al-Husani Qadiri (1131-1198/1719-1783) Murid and son of
5) Burhan al-Muwahhidin Sayyid Shah Aal-e-Muhammad al-Husani Qadiri (1111-1164/ 1700-1751) Murid and son of
6) Sahib al-Barkat wa al-Darajat Sayyid Shah Barkat Allah al-Husani Qadiri (1070-1142/1659-1729) Murid of
7) Sayyid Jalil al-Shan Shaykh Fadl Allah al-Husani Qadiri (1111 Hijri /1700 AD) Murid and son of
8) Sayyid Mir Ahmad al-Husani Qadiri (1084 Hijri / 1673 AD) Murid and son of
9) Sayyid Jalil al-Qadar Mir Muhammad al-Husani Tirmidi Qadiri (1006-1071/1598-1661) Murid of
10) Hadrat Shaykh Sayyid Jamal al-Awliya al-Qadiri Jahanabadi (973-1047/1565-1638) Murid of
11) Qadi Diya al-Din Shaykh Jiya al-Qadiri Newtanwi (925-989/1519-1581) Murid of
12) ‘Arif Billah Muhammad Bhikari Sayyid Nizam al-Din al-Qari al-Qadiri (890-981/1485-1574) Murid of
13) Shams al-‘Arifin Maulana Sayyid Ibrahim Iraji al-Qadiri (953/1546) Murid of
14) ‘Arif Billah Hadrat Shaykh Baha al-Millat al-Din Shattari al-Qadiri (921/1516) Murid of
15) Shaykh Sayyid Ahmad al-Jilani al-Qadiri (853/1449) Murid of
16) Shaykh Sayyid Hasan al-Jilani al-Qadiri (781/1379) Murid of
17) Shaykh Sayyid Moosa al-Jilani al-Qadiri (763/1362) Murid of
18) Shaykh Sayyid ‘Ali al-Jilani al-Qadiri (739/1339) Murid of
19) Shaykh Sayyid Muhiyy al-Din Abu-Nasr Muhammad al-Jilani al-Qadiri (656/1258) Murid and son of
20) Shaykh Sayyid Qadi al-Imam Abu-Swaleh Habat Allah al-Jilani al-Qadiri (562-632/1167-1235) Murid and son of
21) ‘Arif al-Jalil al-Imam Sayyid Abu-bakr ‘Abd al-Razzaq al-Jilani al-Qadiri (528-623/1134-1226) Murid and son of
22) Ghawth al-Aghyath Sultan al-Awliya Taj al-‘Urafa Qutb al-Irshad Marja‘ al-Awtad Shaykh al-‘Alamin Ghawth al-Konayn Sayyid Abu-Muhammad ‘Abd al-Qadir Jilani al-Hasani al-Husaini (470-561/1078-1166) Murid of
23) Qadi al-Qodat Imam al-Ajal Shaykh Abu Sa‘id al-Mubarak al-Makhzoomi (513/1119) Murid of
24) Shaykh al-Islam Abu al-Hasan ‘Ali al-Qarshi al-Amawi al-Hakkari (409-486/1017-1093) Murid of
25) Al-Imam Shaykh Muhammad Yusuf Abu al-Farah Tartusi (447/1055) Murid of
26) Al-Imam Shaykh Abu al-Fadl ‘Abd al-Wahid Tamimi (425/1033) Murid of
27) Taj al-‘Arifin al-Imam Shaykh Abu-Bakr Shibli (247-334/861-946) Murid of
28) Sayyid al-Ta’ifah al-Oliyah Abu al-Qasim Junaid al-Baghdadi (218-297/833-910) Murid and nephew of
29) ‘Arif al-Jalil Shaykh Sirr al-Din Abu al-Hasan Sirri al-Saqati (155-253/771-867) Murid of
30) Al-Imam al-Mutasarrif Abu-Mahfooz Shaykh Asad al-Din Maroof al-Karkhi (200/815) Murid of
31) Sayyid al-Ajal Ibn Rasoolillah al-Imam ‘Ali al-Rida (153-208/770-824) Murid and son of
32) Sayyiduna wa Maulana al-Imam Moosa al-Kazim (128-183/745-799) Murid and son of
33) Sayyiduna wa Maulana al-Imam Jafar al-Sadiq (80-148/699-756) Murid and son of
34) Sayyiduna wa Maulana al-Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (57-114/676-733) Murid and son of
35) Sayyiduna wa Maulana al-Imam al-Sajjad Zain al-‘Abidin (38-94/659-712) Murid and son of
36) Sayyid al-Shuhadah Sayyiduna al-Imam Husain Shahid al-Karbala (4-61/626-680) Murid and son of
37) Zoaj al-Batool Akh al-Rasool Bab al-Wilayah Amir al-Mu‘minin Sayyiduna wa Maulana al-Imam ‘Ali al-Murtudah. Murid and Son-in-Law of
38) Khatim al-Nabiyyeen Sayyid al-Mursaleen Rahmat al-‘Alameen Sayyiduna wa Maulana wa Shafi‘ina Abi al-Qasim Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah Rasool Rab al-‘Alameen Alaihi Afdalus Salati wat Tasleem [Ridwanullahi Tabaraka wa Ta'ala Alaihim Ajma'een]

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Certificates of Khilāfah of various Silsilas Imām Ahmad Rīdā was bestowed with by his Murshid al-Kāmil:

1) Sisilah Tareeqah ‘Aliyyah Qadiriyyah Barkatiyyah Jadidah
2) Sisilah Tareeqah Qadiriyyah Abaiyyah Qadimah
3) Sisilah Tareeqah Qadiriyyah Ahdaliyyah
4) Sisilah Tareeqah Qadiriyyah Razzaqiyyah
5) Sisilah Tareeqah Qadiriyyah Munawwariyyah
6) Sisilah Tareeqah Chishtiyyah Nizamiyyah ‘Atiqiyyah
7) Sisilah Tareeqah Chishtiyyah Mehbobiyyah Jadidah
8) Sisilah Tareeqah Sohrawardiyyah Wahidiyyah
9) Sisilah Tareeqah Sohrawardiyyah Fadliyyah
10) Sisilah Tareeqah Naqshabandiyyah ‘Ula’iyyah Siddiqiyyah
11) Sisilah Tareeqah Naqshabandiyyah ‘Ula’iyyah (the chain linked to the illustrious Sufi Master Sayyid Moula Abu al-‘Ula Naqshabandi Akbarabadi)
12) Sisilah Tareeqah Badi‘iyyah
13) Sisilah Tareeqah ‘Uloh’wiyyah Manamiyyah

These also include the 4 Mystical Musafahas viz;

1) The Sanad of Musafaha Jinniyyah
2) The Sanad of Musafaha Khidriyyah
3) The Sanad of Musafaha Mu‘ammariyyah
4) The Sanad of Musafaha Manamiyyah

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List of Ijazāt of all the Duas, Awrād (Litanies) and  Ash’ghāl that was bestowed by Spiritual Inspiration directly into his Heart from the Hearts of his Mashā’ikh

1) The Secrets of the Holy Quran
2) Asma-e-Ilahiyyah
3) Dalail al-Khayrat
4) Hisn-e-Hasin
5) Qasr-e-Matin
6) Asma-e-Arba‘inah
7) Hisb al-Bahr
8) Hisb al-Barr
9) Hisb al-Nasr
10) All the Ah’zab of Silsila Shazaliyyah
11) The Hirz of 104,000 Awliya
12) Hirz al-Amirayn
13) Hirze Yamani (also known as Du‘a-e-Saifi Sharif)
14) Du‘a-e-Mughni
15) Du‘a-e-Haydari
16) Du‘a-e-Izra’ili
17) Du‘a-e-Suryani
18) Qasidah Khamriyyah also famously known as Qasidah Ghawthiyyah
19) Salat al-Asrar or Salat Ghawthiyyah
20) Qasidah Burda
21) Du‘a-e-Bashmakh
22) Takbir-e-‘Ashikan
23) Nim Takbir
24) Irsal al-Hawatif

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Saturday, 14 January 2012

The blessed Genealogy of Sayyiduna AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan al-Baraylawi Alaihir raHmah

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The following ancestral tree of AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan Alaihir raHmah is carefully constructed from the authentic Books of Genealogy and meticulously scrutinized with references to other books in this field. The ancestors were compared with dates and periods found in books written by Historians who were masters in this field. The following points were noted before compiling the Ancestral tree:

  • Preference was given to books compiled by Historians of Afghan descent/origin as they knew their descendants better than others.
  • Furthermore, amongst the Afghani Historians, preference was given to Historians that belonged to the Bar'hech tribe as AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan Alaihir raHmah belong to the Bar'hech tribe.
  • There is not much dispute in the Chain of the Ancestral tree from Sayyiduna Nabi Adam to Sayyiduna Nabi Ishaq.
  • The chain of the Family tree from Sayyiduna Nabi Ishaq to Hadrat Malikaloot was extracted according to the citation found in the books of authors who belonged to the Bar'hech tribe. This was so because people of a tribe will have more genuine information of their ancestors in relation to others of different tribes.
  • There is a consensus in Books of Ancestral trees from Hadrat Malikaloot to Sayyiduna Qais Malik 'Abdur-Rashid and so is the case from Sayyiduna 'Abdur-Rashid to Bar'hech.
  • From Bar'hech till Hadrat Shuja'at Jang Muhammad Sa'eedullah Khan the genealogy was extracted from Khulasat al-Ansab, Akhbar al-Sanadid and Bustan-e-Hikmat, whose authors are not only Afghanis, but belonged to the Bar'hech tribe.

This is how cautiously this Family tree from Sayyiduna Nabi Adam till AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan was constructed. The Ancestral tree is as follows:

AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida s/o Ra’is al-Atqiya Imam Muhammad Naqi 'Ali s/o 'Arife-Billah Imam Rida 'Ali s/o Mawlana Hafiz Kazim 'Ali s/o Mawlana Shah Muhammad A'zam Khan s/o Mawlana Muhammad Sa'adat Yaar Khan s/o Shuja'at Jung Muhammad Sa'idullah Khan Bhadur Qandhari s/o 'Abdur-Rahman Khan s/o Yusuf Khan Qandhari s/o Dawlat Khan s/o Badal Khan s/o Da'ūd Khan s/o Bar’hech Khan s/o Sharfud-Deen 'Urf Shar’habūn s/o Ibra’him 'Urf Sard’bun s/o Sayyiduna Qais Malik 'Abdur-Rashid Sahabi Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu s/o 'Ays s/o Salool s/o 'Utba s/o Na'eem s/o Marra s/o Malik Jalandar s/o Malik Askandar s/o Zaman s/o 'Unais s/o Bah’lool s/o Sa’lam s/o Salah s/o Qaroon s/o Nasr s/o Ashmu’ail s/o Na'eem s/o Akram s/o Ash’ath s/o Sharood s/o Makhal s/o Nusrat s/o Qalaj s/o Sher s/o 'Atham s/o Faylool s/o Karam s/o 'Amaal s/o Hudayfa s/o Mat’hal s/o Qabal s/o 'Ilm or 'Aleem s/o Ash’mool s/o Harūn s/o Qamar s/o Abi s/o Suheb s/o Talal s/o Lu’ee s/o 'Ameel s/o Taraj s/o Arzand s/o Mandool s/o Saleem or Sa’lam s/o Afghana s/o Sarad al-Muqallab bi Malik Taloot s/o Qais s/o 'Utbah s/o Talas s/o Ru’ail s/o Yahūdah s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Ya'qūb Alaihis Salam s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Ishaq Alaihis Salam s/o Khaleelullah Sayyiduna Nabi Ibra’him Alaihis Salam s/o Ta’rikh s/o Makhūd or Nahūr s/o Shurū' or Ash’ragh s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Hūd Alaihis Salam s/o 'Abir s/o Sha’lakh s/o Araf’khashad s/o Saam s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Nūh Alaihis Salam [age: 1400 years] s/o La’lak [age:780 years] s/o Malik Matla’shakh [age: 900 years] s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Idris Alaihis Salam s/o Bayarad s/o Mahla’heel s/o Qay’nan s/o Anūsh s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Sheeth Alaihis Salam [age: 912 years] s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Adam Alaihis Salam [age: 900 years]

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AlaHadrat Alaihir raHmah belong to the Afghani Bar'hech tribe which was of Royal Descent. He was indeed a very respectable and noble tribe in Afghanistan. Great 'Ulama and Masha'ikh hailed from his dignified tribe whose Mazars are still a centre of solace and spiritual enlightenment for the people both in Afghanistan and Hindustan. A separate detailed book can be written about these great dignitaries. However, an important point to note is that in the ancestry of AlaHadarat, there are Eight (8) Noble Prophets and One Exalted Sahabi. The Prophets Alaihim as-Salam are:

1) Sayyiduna Nabi Ya'qoob
2) Sayyiduna Nabi Ishaq
3) Khalilullah Sayyiduna Nabi Ibra'him
4) Sayyiduna Nabi Hood
5) Sayyiduna Nabi Nooh
6) Sayyiduna Nabi Idris
7) Sayyiduna Nabi Sheeth
8) Sayyiduna Nabi Adam (Alaihim as-Salam)

The one Sahabi is Sayyiduna Qais Malik 'Abdur-Rashid Sahabi Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu. He is the 43rd descendant of Afghana and 45th descendant of Hadrat Malikaloot. Qais bin 'Ays lived in the mountain of Ghour. In one of the Expeditions of Sayyiduna Khalid ibn Walid, he became interested in Islam. So he took some of the leaders of Afghanistan and went to Madinah al-Munawwara. They met the beloved Prophet of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam and immediately accepted Islam on his sacred hands. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah then said to him:

"Qais is a Hebrew word and I am an Arab".

The Prophet of Allah gave him the Islamic name 'Abdur-Rashid. The blessed Habib SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam further said:

"You are the Awlad of Malik Taloot whom Allah blessed with the title of Malik (King). in the future you too will be remembered with the title of Malik".

This is how he got the title of Malik from the office of Prophethood.

It was in the Madinan period that the Beloved Nabi was planning for the conquest of Makkah Mukarrama and appointed Malik 'Abdur-Rashid and the other Afghani Sahabi as the lead of the secret service scouts of the army led by Sayyiduna Khalid ibn Walid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu. The Afghani Mujahids displayed their astonishing bravery in the battle of Makkah. Sayyiduna Malik 'Abdur-Rashid himself killed 70 Kuffar in this battle (Refer to Akhbar al-Sanadid for details). His role and bravery in this war brought great joy to the heart of the Beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam who predicted that a great family will emerge from the off-springs of this Sahabi. They will be steadfast on religion and will strengthen the Din of Islam like Bataan (conqueror with great bravery or Military Advisor). It was the effects of this Du'a of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam that great 'Ulama and Masha'ikh were born in the lineage of Sayyiduna Malik 'Abdur-Rashid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu.

To name a few, some other stars in the firmament of excellence are: The great Mujaddid, AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida al-Qadiri, His sons, Hujjat al-Islam Imam Hamid Rida al-Qadiri, Ghawth al-Zaman Mufti A'zam Imam Mustafa Rida al-Qadiri Noori and Taaj al-Shari'ah Mufti Muhammad Akhtar Rida al-Qadiri. Their services to the Deen is known to the Muslim World and precisely the manifestations of the Du'as of the Beloved Prophet of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam.

Since the Beloved Nabi's Du'a for the Awlad of Sayyiduna Malik 'Abdur-Rashid was that they will strengthen the Deen and their strength will be like Bataan, from that day on he became famous by the title of "Bataan". This word Bataan in later days changed to the present day name "Pathaan". Eventually, the Awlad of Sayyiduna Malik 'Abdur-Rashidhen became synonymous by the word Pathaan. This is how the word Pathaan can into existence. Sayyiduna Malik 'Abdur-Rashid Radi Allahi Ta'ala Anhu married Mutahira, the daughter of Sayyiduna Khalid ibn Walid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu, and he passed away at the age of 87 years.

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Sunday, 8 January 2012

The Sacred Knowledge of AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan al-Baraylawi Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu

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The Great Imaam and Mujaddid, Sayyiduna AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida al-Qadiri (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu) was only 4 years old when he completed the recitation of the Holy Qur'an. Due to the extraordinary intelligence bestowed upon him by Almighty ALLAH, AlaHadrat Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu completed his Islamic Education at the very young age of 13 years, 10 months and 5 days.
 
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The Illustrious Teachers of Imaam Ahmad Rida
 
AlaHadrat (Radi Allahu Anhu) gained his basic knowledge at home. He later continued his studies under the guidance of certain noted teachers. He studied under his father, Hadrat Allama Mawlana Naqi Ali Khan (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu). He completed his primary education by Janab Mirza Ghulam Qadir Baig, by whom he studied the book, "Mizaan-e-Munsha'ab." AlaHadrat (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) also studied under the guidance of the following luminous personalities:

1. Hadrat Mawlana Abdul Ali Rampuri (Radi Allahu Anhu)
2. Shaykh al-Kabeer, Hadrat Allama Syed Shah Abul Hussain Ahmad Noori (Radi Allahu Anhu)
3. Shaykh al-Tariqah, Hadrat Allama Shah Ale Rasool Mahrahrwi (Radi Allahu Anhu)
4. Shaykh Ahmad bin Zain Dahlaan al-Makki (Radi Allahu Anhu)
5. Shaykh Abdur Rahman Makki (Radi Allahu Anhu), and
6. Shaykh Hussain bin Saleh Makki (Radi Allahu Anhu)
 
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AlaHadrat and the Ulama of Haramain

When AlaHadrat went to perform his first HAJJ and Zyarah on the 26th of Shawwal 1295 A.H. (1876). He was only 20 years old at that time. One day, after completing his Hajj, he went to perform his Maghrib Salaah before the Maqaam-e-Ibrahim (Alaihis Salam). Having completed his Salaah, the Imam of the Shafi'ee order of Makkatul Mukarramah, Allama Hussain bin Saleh Kamaal (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu), approached him. He clutched AlaHadrat (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) by his hand and led him to his house. The great Imam then placed his hand on the blessed forehead of AlaHadrat (Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu) and said:

"Verily, I am observing the Noor of Almighty Allah on this forehead."

Without hesitation, he blessed AlaHadrat (Radi Allahu Anhu) with the Sanad (Certificate) of Sihah Sitta (Six Compilers of Hadith: Bukhari, Muslim, Ibn Majah, Abu Dawood, Tirmizi and Nisa'i). He also began addressing AlaHadrat (Radi Allahu Anhu) by the title of "Dia al-Din" or "The Light or Splendour of Deen." The speciality of this Sanad is that it has only Eleven (11) levels to Imam Bukhari.

AlaHadrat (Radi Allahu Anhu) was also blessed with the Asnaad (Certificates) of Hadees o Fiqah, Usool o Tafseer and etc. from the Mufti of the Hanafi order in Makkatul Mukarramah, Sayyiduna Allama Abdur Rahmaan Siraaj Hanafi and Mufti of the Shafi'ee order in Makkatul Mukarramah, Mufti Shaykh Sayyad Ahmad Dahlaan Shafi'ee (Radi Allahu Anhuma).

When he went for his Second Hajj in 1323/1905, he stayed for three months in the Holy Land and constantly searched for anyone who had higher-ranking Sanad of Hadith then His Sanad of Hadith. He wanted to take it from him and elevate His existing Sanad of Hadith. But Alhamdulillah! His Sanad was the highest and everyone took Sanads from him. Shaykh Abd al-Rahmaan Dah’laan, the youngest son of Shaykh Ahmed Dah’laan and his elder brother, Shaykh Asad Dah’laan (Qaadi of Makkah at that time) both took Sanad of Hadith from him too. And Shaikh Saaleh Kamal, the most Knowledgable Scholar of Makkah at that time, though he was a senior Aalim, but he insisted in taking Sanad-e-Hadith and other Ijazah from AlaHadrat. AlaHadrat tried to evade this for a few days in respect but it was in vain. Shaikh Saaleh Kamal constantly insisted and forced AlaHadrat to issue them to him.

 
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The Ulama of Arab who praised Imam Ahmad Rida

Following is the list of some of the Giants and Celebrated ‘Ulama and Imams of the Arab World who highly praised Imam Ahmad Rida and acknowledged his books and teaching as strictly in accordance to the Shariah and the tenants of the Ahlus-Sunnah wa Jama‘ah:

1. Shaykh Muhammad Sa’eed bin Muhammad Salam Ba Busail
2. Shaykh Ahmad bin Abdullah Abu al Khair Mirdad
3. Shaykh Muhammad Saleh bin Sadiq Kamal
4. Shaykh ‘Ali bin Sadiq Kamal
5. Maulana Shah Muhammad Abdul Haq Alahabadi Muhajar Makki
6. Shaykh Sayyid Muhammad Marzooqi Abu-Hussain bin Abdur Rehman Hussaini
7. Shaykh Umer bin abuBakr ba Junaid
8. Shaykh Muhammad ‘Abid bin Husain Maliki
9. Shaykh Muhammad ‘Ali bin Hussain Maliki
10. Shaykh Muhammad Jamal bin Muhammad Amir bin Hussain Maliki
11. Shaykh As’ad bin Ahmad Dahlaan
12. Shaykh Abdur Rehman bin Ahmad Dahlaan
13. Maulana Ahmad bin Muhammad Ziaudin Bengali Qadri Chishti
14. Shaykh Muhammad bin Yusaf Khiat
15. Shaykh Muhammad Saleh bin Muhammad ba Fazl
16. Shaykh Abdulkarim bin Hamza Daghastani Hashmi Naji
17. Shaykh Muhammad Sa’id bin Muhammad Yamani
18. Shaykh Muhammad Hamid bin Ahmad bin ‘Auz Jadawi
19. Shaykh Uthman bin Abdus Salam Daghastani
20. Shaykh Sayyid Muhammad Sa’eed bin Muhammad Maghrabi
21. Shaykh Muhammad bin Ahmad Umeri Wasti
22. Shaykh Sayyid Abbas bin Muhammad Ridwan
23. Shaykh Umer bin Hamdan Mahrasi
24. Shaykh Sayyid Ahmad bin Isma‘il Barzanji
25. Shaykh Abdul Qadir Taufiq Shalabi
26. Shaykh Sayyid Isma‘il bin Khalil
27. Shaykh Muhammad Yusuf Afghani
28. Shaykh Muhammad Tajuddin bin Mustafa Ilyas
29. Shaykh Sayyid Ahmad al Jazairi
30. Shaykh Khalil bin Ibrahim Kharbuti
31. Shaykh Sayyid Muhammad bin Muhammad Habib Didawi
32. Shaykh Muhammad bin Muhammad Sosi Khiari
33. Shaykh Muhammad Uzayr Wazir [Alaihim ar-raHma wa ar-Ridwan]
 
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Branches of Knowledge
 
Imam Ahmad Rida studied under various teachers but with personal study, he perfected himself in more than 54 different disciplines of knowledge. The following 21 branches of Knowledge he learnt from his father:-

1. Ilm-al-Quran (Knowledge of the Quran)
2. Ilm-al-Hadith (Knowledge of Traditions)
3. Usul-e-Hadith (Principle of Traditions)
4. Fiqh-e-Hanafi (Hanfi Jurisprudence)
5. Kutub-e-Fiqh Jumla (All Books of Jurisprudence)
6. Usul-e-Fiqh (Principle of Jurisprudence)
7. Jadl-e-Muhazab.
8. Ilm-e-Tafseer (Knowledge of Exegesis of the Holy Quran)
9. Ilm-al Kalam (Scholastic theology)
10. Ilm-e-Nahav (Syntax)
11. Ilm-e-Sarf (Grammar, Accidence and Etymology)
12. Ilm-e-Maani (Elocution)
13. Ilm-e-Badi (Style)
14. Ilm-e-Bayan (Rhetoric)
15. Ilm-e-Mantique (Logic)
16. Ilm-e-Munazara (Dialectic)
17. Ilm-e-Takseer (Carrying figures)
18. Ilm-e-Falsafa (Philosophy)
19. Ilm-e-Hay’at (Astronomy)
20. Ilm-e-Hisab (Arithmetic)
21. Ilm-e-Hindasa (Geometry)
 
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Following are the 10 disciplines of knowledge, which AlaHadrat haven't studied under any teacher but he had the Ijazat in these from discerning Ulama and He use to give Ijaza in these disciplines too.

22. Qirat (Recitation of the Quran)
23. Tajwid (Knowledge of Right pronunciation of the Quran.
24. Tasauwuf (Mysticism)
25. Suluk (Knowledge of manner in mystic)
26. Akhlaque (Ethics)
27. Asma-ul-Rajaal (Encyclopaedia of Narrators of Traditions)
28. Siyar (Biography)
29. Tawarikh (Chronology)
30. Loghat (Lexicon)
31. Adab-Ma-Jumla Funoon (Literature with all Arts)
 
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Following are the 14 disciplines of Knowledge that Imam Ahmad Rida haven't learnt by any teachers:-

32. Arsamatiqi (Arithmetic)
33. Jabr-o-Muqabilah (Algebra)
34. Ilm-e-Tauqeet (Timings)
35. Logharsimat (Logarithms)
36. Hisab-e-Satini
37. Manazir-o-Maraya (sense & sight)
38. Ilm-ul-Ukur (spheres)
39. Zijaat (Astronomical tables)
40. Muthallath Kurvi (Spherical Trigonometry)
41. Muthallath Musattah (Plane Trigonometry)
42. Haiyate Jadeedah (Modern Astronomy)
43. Jafr (Numerology & Literology)
44. Murabba'at (Quadrangular)
45. Za'icha (Horoscopes)
 
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Following are the 10 branches of learning that he has received by the Heavenly Blessing inspired directly into his heart:

46. Nazm-e-Arabi (Arabic Poetry)
47. Nazm-e-Farsi (Persian Poetry)
48. Nazm-e-Hindi (Hindi Poetry)
49. Nathr-e-Urdu (Urdu Prose)
50. Nathre-Farsi (Persian Prose)
51. Nathre Arabi (Arabic Prose)
52. Khat-e-Naskh (Arabic Calligraphy)
53. Khat-e-Nastalique (Persian Calligraphy)
54. Tilawat ma'a Tajwid (Recitation of the Holy Quran with right pronunciation)
55. Ilm-e-Meeras (Knowledge of Inheritance)

Note:- Sayyidi AlaHadrat learnt Ilm-e-Takseer and Ilm-e-Jafr from Hadrat Abul Hussain Ahmed-e-Noori too but it was just to an extant not in depth as such.
 
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The branches of knowledge of Imam Ahmad Rida, are more than 60. Here they are arranged according to the syllabus of Jamias & Universities written as under :-

1. Jurisprudence
2. Principle of Jurisprudence.
3. Lexicon of jurisprudence
4. Hadith
5. Principle of Hadith
7. Encyclopaedia of Hadith
7. Critical examination of Hadith.
8. Exegesis
9. Principle of Exegesis.
10. Scholastic theology
11. Islameology
12. Recitation of the Quran with right pronunciation.
13. Knowledge of the Quran & art of its translation
14. Dialectic.
15. Syntax & Etymology
16. Rhetoric and style & elocution
17. Linguistic and lexicon
18. Phonetic
19. Urdu prose
20. Arabic Prose
21. Persian Prose
22. Arabic poetry
23. Persian Poetry
24. Urdu poetry
25. Hindi poetry.
26. Explanation, criticism & appreciation
27. Prosody
28. Mysticism
29. Metaphysics
30. Incantation & Invocation
31. Jafr (Literology & Numerology)
32. Carrying the figures (Takseer)
33. Ethics
34. Logic
35. Philosophy
36. Psychology
37. Chronology & Biography
38. Sociology
39. Economics
40. Education
41. Political Science
42. Commerce
43. Banking
44. Arithmetic & Computation
45. Algebra (Factorization, equation of any degree, exponential series, Binomial theorem, set theory, Topology, Tensorial Algebra)
46. Plane Trigonometry Euclidean logarithms
47. Spherical Trigonometry.
48. Euclidean Geometry
49. Coordinate Geometry
50. Timings
51. Horoscopes
52. Astronomy & Astronomical Tables
53. Hisab e Satini
54. Statistics
55. Dynamics
56. Statics
57. Hydro Dynamics
58. Hydrostatics
59. Zoology
60. Botany
61. Geology
62. Geography
63. Horticultise
64. Unani (Greek) Medicine
65. Physiology
66. Inorganic Chemistry
67. Organic Chemistry
68. Physical Chemistry
69. Bio Chemistry etc.

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