Friday, 29 June 2012

Qutb al-Irshaad Siraaj al-Awliya Sayyid Abul Hussain Ahmad-e-Noori al-Hussini al-Qadiri Barakaati Marehrawi

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Hadrat Shah Abul Hussain Ahmad-e-Noori alias Miyan Sahab, the last Qutub of Marehra dynasty became the Sajjadah Nasheen of Marehra Sharif after the demise of Shah Aal-e-Rasool Ahmadi. Following is Noori Miyan’s family tree:


Sayyid Shah Abul Hussain Noori Miyan Sahib s/o Sayyid Zahoor Hasan s/o Sayyid Shah Aal-e-Rasool s/o Sayyid Shah Aley Barkaat Suthrey Miyan s/o Sayyid Shah Hamza s/o Sayyid Shah Aley Muhammad s/o Sayyid Sayyid Shah Barkatullah s/o Sayyid Shah Uwais s/o Sayyid Shah Abdul Jaleel s/o Sayyid Shah Mir Abdul Wahid Bilgrami s/o Sayyid Shah Ibrahim s/o Sayyid Shah Qutubuddin s/o Sayyid Shah Mahro s/o Sayyid Shah Bade s/o Sayyid Shah Kamaal s/o Sayyid Shah Qasim s/o Sayyid Shah Hasan s/o Sayyid Shah Naseer s/o Sayyid Hussain s/o Sayyid Shah Umar s/o Sayyid Shah Muhammad Sughra s/o Sayyid Shah ali s/o Sayyid Shah Hussain s/o Sayyid Shah Abul Farah II s/o Sayyid Shah Abu Firas s/o Hazrat Sayyid Shah Abul Farah Wasti s/o Hazrat Sayyid Dawood s/o Hazrat Sayyid Hussain s/o Hazrat Sayyid Yahya s/o Hazrat Sayyid Zayd III s/o Hazrat Sayyid Umar s/o Hazrat Sayyid Zayd II s/o Hazrat Sayyid Ali Iraqi s/o Hazrat Sayyid Hussain s/o Hazrat Sayyid Ali s/o Hazrat Sayyid Muhammad s/o Hazrat Sayyid Issa alias Motam-ul-Ashbaal s/o Hazrat Sayyid Zayd the Shahid s/o Sayyid-us-Sadaat Imam Zainul Abidin Sajjad s/o Sayyidush Shuhada Imam Hussain s/o Hazrat Ameer al Momineen Mawla Ali Murtaza the husband of Sayyidatun Nisa Fatima az-Zahra d/o Sayyid al Ambiya Ahmad-e-Mujtaba Muhammad-e-Mustafa Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam wa Ridhwanullahi Ta’ala Alaihim Ajama’een.
 

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Hadrat Noori Miyan Saheb was born on 19th of Shawal 1255 hijri (corresponding to 26th December, 1839) in Marehra. He was barely 2½ years when he lost his mother. He was taken over by his grandmother Nisar Fatima and Grandfather Shah Aal-e-Rasool Ahmadi. Hadrat Khaatim al-Akaabir Shah Aal-e-Rasool never allowed him to be out of his sight. He educated him and trained him in the family traditions and legacies. At the age of eleven years he lost his father Shah Zahoor Hasan who died on 26th of Jamadi al-Awwal at Dhari in Kathiawad. That was the time when his grandfather put him to hard training in mystic rituals. Hadrat Khatim al-Akabir used to say:
 

“Miyan Sahib has nothing to do with worldly pleasures. He is something and is deemed to be something in the spiritual world. He is one of the seven Qutubs whose glad tiding has been given by Hadrat Bu-Ali Shah Qalandar and Hadrat Shah Badiuddin Qutb-e-Madar and he is the last Qutub of the chain of seven Qutubs.”

Hadrat Noori Miyan sahib became the Mureed of Shah Aal-e-Rasool in 1267 hijri and was declared the Sajjadah Nasheen of the Dargah. He received his worldly education at the hands of renowned Scholars like Maulvi Shah Turab Ali of Lucknow, Maulvi Fadhlullah Jalesari, Maulvi Noor Ahmad Badauni, Maulvi Muhammad Saeed Badauni, Maulvi Abdul Qaadir Badauni, Maulvi Fadhl-e-Rasool Badauni, Maulvi Ahmad Hasan Sufi Muradabadi and Maulvi Hussain Shah Bukhari. The spiritual education was imparted to him by great seers like the Khatim al-Akabir Shah Aal-e-Rasool Ahmadi and Shah Ghulam Muhiyuddin Amir-e-Alam. His other mentors were Shah Shams al-Haq alias Tinka Shah, Mufti Sayyid Ainul Hasan Bilgrami and Hafiz Shah Ali Hussain Muradabadi. After the completion of spiritual training, Shah Aal-e-Rasool Ahmadi conferred upon Hadrat Noori Miyan the Khilafat and Ijazat of all the five silsilas of his family including the Qadriyah, Chishtiyah, Naqshbandiyah, Suhrwardiyah and Maddariyah. He spent most of his time in Dhikr and meditation.

Noori Miyan’s court was always full of Mureeds and Khalifas who put forth their problems to him and got delivered from these problems immediately. He always visited the houses of poor people and consoled them. The rich Mureeds yearned for his visit to their homes but he preferred the poor ones.


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Hadrat Miyan Sahab was the Spiritual Master of Great Sunni Scholar of Bareilly, Hadrat Mustafa Rida Khan, known as Mufti-e-Azam-e-Hind. Hadrat Noori Miyan was the author of many books on various subjects:

Al-Aslul Musaffa fi Aqaid-e-Arbab-e-Sunnatil Mustafa – a journal in simple Urdu for children on the basics of faith.
Risala Sawal-o-Jawab – a journal in Urdu on the wrong beliefs of misguided Rafidhi Sect.
Ishtihar-e-Noori – an essay against Sunni Ulema’s joining the Nadwa group.
Tehqeequl Tarawih – a journal testifying the twenty rak’ats of Tarawih during Ramadhan,
Dalil-ul-Yaqin – proving that Hazrat Abu Bakr and Hazrat Umar were superior beings among the Companions of the Holy Prophet. A journal on the beliefs of Ahl-e-Sunnat regarding the battles of Jumal, Siffin and Naharwan.
Lataif-e-Tariqat Kashful Quloob – a journal in Urdu on the early phases of mysticism.
An-Noor-o-Wal-Baha fi-Asaneedil Hadith wa Salasilil Awliya – a journal containing the hierarchy of the traditions of the Holy Prophet.
Sirajul Awarif fil-Wasaya wal Ma’raif – a book on Urdu on various information regarding the Sufi practice.
Al-Jafar – a brief journal in Urdu on the method of Jafar.
Takheel-e-Noori – collection of Arabic, Persian and Urdu poetry. His pen name was Saeed in early days. Later he adopted Noori as his pseudonym.

He died on 11th Rajab al-Murajjab 1324 Hijri (31st of August 1906). His first wife was Ruqaiyya Begum the daughter of his uncle Shah Zahoor Hussain and the second wife was Altaf Fatima the daughter of Sayyid Muhammad Haider. He had a son Sayyid Muhiyuddin Jilani who died at an early age.


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Hazrat Ali Karam ullah Wajho

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HIS POSITION IN THE SILSILA: Ameer al-Momineen, Asadullahil Ghalib, Haidar-e-Karaar Hadrat Sayyiduna Ali al-Murtuda Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu are the second Imam of the Silsila Aaliyah Qaadiriyah Barakaatiyah Razaviyyah Nooriyah.

BLESSED NAME: His name is Ali and is known as Abu al-Hassan and Abu Turab and his titles are Murtuda, Asadullah and Haidar-e-Karraar.

HIS FATHER: His father was Abu Taalib and Grandfather were Abdul Mutallib. Abu Taalib is the uncle of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam.

HIS MOTHER: His mother's name was Faatima bint Asad, bin Haashim, bin Abd Munaaf. Her Janazah was performed by Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam, and he gave his blessed Qamees (Kurta) to be used as her kaffan (shroud). He prepared her grave and first he himself laid down in her grave, so that it will be comfortable for her in the grave, and so that she may be adorned in the Garb of Jannat. [Noor al-Absaar]

MIRACULOUS EVENTS IN THE WOMB OF HIS MOTHER: When Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu was in the womb of his mother, then she used to see astonishing dreams. She says, “When I was pregnant with Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu, some bright people came to me and gave me glad tidings, and for as long as he was in womb, I felt very different, and whenever I intended to prostrate before the idols, I would have a severe pain in my stomach. In this way, I could not prostrate to any idol.” [Masaalik as-Saalikeen]

HIS BIRTH: Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu was born on a Friday. Some narrations quote the date as the 13th of Muharram and others state the 13th of Rajab. His birth occurred 30 years after the incident of Feel. He was born inside the Holy Kaa'ba, and none has been blessed with this excellence before him. [Noor al-Absaar]

His mother said, “When he was born, he did not drink milk for three days, and this, caused great sadness in my home. This message reached Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. The Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam arrived and took Sayyiduna Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu in his blessed arms and showed great love to him. He then placed his tongue in the mouth of Sayyiduna Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu and Hadrat Ali suckled on the tongue of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam and thereafter started to drink milk.”

When Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu was five years old, the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam kept him at his blessed home and took care of him. He was thus groomed in the home of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam until he was ten years old.



HIS FEATURES: Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu was of excellent built and not very tall in height. He was tan in colour and very handsome. His face was very beautiful and would always be shining like the full moon. He had huge, black shining eyes. His shoulders were broad and well built like that of a lion. His beard was long and full. His body was very muscular, and his body was covered by a lot of hair.  His hands and wrists were very strong and firm. If he gripped anyone with his hands, the person would not be able to breath. His thighs and legs were also very strong and firm. He walked very swiftly in the manner that the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam walked. He was so healthy, that if he wished, he wore summer clothes in winter and winter clothes in summer. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen]

FAMILY TREE: Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu son of Abu Taalib son of Abdul Mutalib son of Abd Munaaf son of Qasi son of Kilaab son of Marrah son of Lawi son of Ghaalib son of Fahar son of Maalik son of Nuzar son of Kinaana. [Tareekh al-Khulafa]

HE ACCEPTS ISLAM: Almighty Allah commanded the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam to propagate Islam amongst his family first and to correct their habits and behaviour. This, the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam did and he first invited to Islam, Bibi Khadija Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu and Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu. He also invited Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu who happily accepted Islam. He was the first amongst the youth (children) to accept Islam. [Ikmaal fi Asmaa ar-Rijaal]

HIS EXCELLENCE: Allama ibn Hajr Makki Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu writes in Zawaajir, that Hadrat Ameer Muawiyah Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu asked Zar’raar to explain the qualities of Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu. He said, “His knowledge was vast. He was Aarif billaah, and strict in the issues of Deen. His spoke words of righteousness which differentiated right from wrong. His every decision was full of justice. He did not desire the pomp and splendour of this world. The night and the silence of the night was very dear to him. He would often cry in the fear of Almighty Allah, and he would sometimes be in deep meditation. He was always quick in assisting others. He always shunned his nafs. He preferred thick clothing.  He ate any food that was present, and did not give preference to its taste. When he was amongst us, he seemed like one of us and did not care about his status. Whenever anyone called him, he went to them. Even though he was so humble and we were so close to him, we still were very afraid to talk to him. He always respected those who were inclined to religious affairs. His friends were the poor and the needy. Even if a person was very famous and was guilty, he knew that his case would not be compromised by Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu. A weak person never feared that he would look down upon him, due to his weakness.”

Zar’raar then swore an Oath (Qasm) and said, “I saw that when it became dark and even the stars were hidden, he was standing in the Mimbar and firmly holding his beard and was in a state as if a snake had bitten him. He was weeping and calling out to Almighty Allah. He was saying, ‘O Materialistic World, O Materialistic World! You have turned towards me. You have looked at me. Stay away from me! Stay away from me! Go and try to deceive someone else. I have given you three irrevocable divorces, in other words I have left you, because your age is less, your pleasures are destructive and there is much fear by being with you.’ He used to be sad about himself and would spend his time weeping the fear of Allah.”

When Hadrat Ameer Muawiyah Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu heard this, he began to weep so bitterly that tears ran down to his beard, and he could not stop weeping, until he wiped his tears with his sleeves. The entire gathering also wept. Hadrat Ameer Muawiyah then said this as he wept, “Allah have mercy on Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu. I swear by Allah, he was just as you have explained him to be.” [Masaalik as-Saalikeen]

He is the fourth Khalifa of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam and a lot has been said by great scholars in his praise. His praise is also present in the verses of the Quran and in the Hadith of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. Hadrat Imam Muhammad Ghazzali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu write in Ihyaa al-Uloom that on the night of Hijrat, when Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu was asleep in the blessed bed of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam, Almighty Allah sent wahi to Hadrat Jibraeel and Hadrat Mikaeel (alaihimus salaam) that, “I have made the two of you brothers to one another and I made the age of one from amongst you more than that of the other. Is there any from amongst you that will give part of your age to the other?”

None answered from both of them. Almighty Allah said, “The both of you are not the example of Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu.  I have made him the brother of my Beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. Look, he is asleep in the bed of his brother and is willing to sacrifice his life for him. Both of you go to earth and protect him from his enemies. Hadrat Jibraeel u descended and stood at the head side of Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu and Hadrat Israfeel u stood at his feet, protecting him for the entire night.” It was on this, that Almighty Allah revealed the verse, “Some person sells his life in pleasing Allah, and Allah is Most compassionate towards his servants.” (Surah Baqara) [Kashful Mahjoob, Page 260]



Hadrat Ibn Abbas Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu reports that once Hadrat Imam Hassan and Imam Hussain Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu were very ill.  The Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam, Hadrat Abu Bakr and Hadrat Umar (radi Allahu anhum) came to visit the children. On leaving the Sahaba-e-Kiraam requested that Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu take some Nazr (vow) on behalf of the children. Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu, Bibi Faatima Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu and their female servant all took the vow to keep three fasts each, so that Almighty Allah may bless both the children with shifa. All three of them kept the first fast, but there was nothing in the house for Iftaar. Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu then bought three portions of flour on credit from a jew called Sham'oon. He gave one portion to Bibi Faatima Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu, who made five breads with the flour. As the time of Iftaar arrived, and they were about to eat, a beggar came to their door and said, “Salaam upon you O Ahle Bait of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. I am a poor Muslim from amongst the poor Muslims. Please feed me with something and Allah shall feed you from the bounties of Jannat.” When they heard this, all of them gave their bread to him, and they slept just by drinking water. The next day, they sat for Iftaar when they heard someone say, “I am an Orphan. Please assist me.” Again, all of them gave their share of food to him. This happened on the third day again, when a captive asked for food, they gave all their food to him. When morning came, Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu took Imam Hassan and Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhum) to visit the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. When he saw how weak the children were, he went to Bibi Faatima Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu and saw that she too had become weak. This caused much sadness to the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. It was then, that Hadrat Jibraeel Alaihis Salam descended with this verse of the Quran, “And they feed the poor, orphan and captive in His love.” [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol 1, Page 145]

This verse of the Holy Quran was also revealed in praise of Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu, “Those who spend their wealth in charity during the night and the day, (both) discreetly and openly. For them, they have a generous reward by their Lord. They have no fear nor do they have any grief.”

Hadrat ibn Abbas Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu states that Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu had only four dirhams with him. He distributed one dirham as charity at night and one dirham in the day. He then gave one dirham discreetly and one dirham openly. It was on this, that the above mentioned verse of the Quran was revealed. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol 1 Page 147]

Hadrat Dharr bin Hubaish Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu reports that Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu said, “I swear in His Name who caused a tree to explode from a seedling and who created life, that the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said to me, ‘O Ali! Only he shall have true love for you, who is a Momin and he who has enmity against you is a hypocrite.’” [Sahih al-Muslim]

Hadrat Imraan bin Haseen Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu reports that the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said, “Ali is mine and I am his, and he is the beloved of all the believers.” [Sunan al-Tirmidhi]

Hadrat Sahl ibn Saad Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu says, “On the day of Khaibar, the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said, ‘Tomorrow I shall give this flag in the hand of that person, through whom Almighty Allah shall grant us victory. That person loves Allah and His Rasool SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam, and Allah and His Rasool SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam love him.’ When morning came, all the companions of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam came into the court of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam hoping that they would be the one who shall be chosen in whose hand the flag shall be given, but the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam asked, ‘Where is Ali bin Abi Taalib Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu?’ It was said that his eyes were sore through an infection. The Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said, ‘Call him’ He was thus called and the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam put his blessed saliva into his eyes and they became well, as if they were never sore. He SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam then gave the flag in his hand.” [Sahih Bukhari - Sahih Muslim]



HIS CHARACTER: The life of Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu was a beautiful example of good character. It is stated that even though he was blessed with an exalted status, he never showed himself to be above others. He always lived a very simple and humble life. He also helped with the household chores. He would often be seen sewing a patch in his torn clothing. Even when the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam had commanded the Sahaba to dig a trench, Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu worked like an ordinary labourer.

HIS KINDNESS AND GENEROSITY: He was a very kind and generous personality. He never caused pain to anyone. Even if someone committed an error, he explained to him with great kindness and love. Hadrat Abu Dhar Ghaffari Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu says, “Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu was very exalted, brave, Truthful, soft hearted and kind. The desire to help the poor flowed in him like the huge waves of the sea. He used to travel far away from home, to assist the sick, old, poor, orphans, crippled and downtrodden.”

HIS BRAVERY: Hadrat Abbas Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu says, “Sayyiduna Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu is the bravest amongst the people.” It is for this reason that he is known as “Ashja'un Naas”. Volumes can be written only on the bravery of Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu. Hadrat Abu Dharr Ghaffari Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu reports that before Hijrat, when the kufaar were planning to martyr the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. (The incident of Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu sleeping that night on the blessed bed of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam has already been explained in this book) and it also showed his bravery and his faith in the Holy Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. He partook in all the great battles except in the Battle of Tabook. During one battle, Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu and Hadrat Zubair bin Al Awaan Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu killed 700 kufaar of the Banu Quraiza, in one day. [Madarij an-Nabuwwah]

Hadrat Abu Raafi' Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu says that during the battle of Khaibar, the shield of Sayyiduna Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu was damaged. He went forward in the Love of Allah and His Rasool SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam and uprooted the Door of the Fort of Khaibar with his bare hands and used it as a shied. After the battle, forty strong men together could not move the door from where it has kept by Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu. [Zarkani, Vol 2, Page 230 - Taareekh al-Khulafa, Page 33]

BAY’AT AND KHILAAFAT: Ibn As’ad says that all the people of Madinah Munawwarah took the oath of allegiance at the hands of Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu. Hadrat Ali's Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu Khilafat lasted for 4 years 8 months and 9 days. [Tareekh al-Khulafa]

HIS VAST KNOWLEDGE: Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu attained great knowledge from the holy court of Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. Hadrat Abu Amar reports from Abu Tufail, that Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu said, “Ask me whatever you wish from the Quran. There is no ayat that I am not aware of. I even know whether it was revealed during the day or night, or it was revealed on soft our mountainous land.” [Jaami' al-Manaqib]

Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu narrated five hundred and eighty six Ahadith (Sayings) of Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. His knowledge, wisdom and decisions were so great that Hadrat Umar a-Farooq Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu says, “The best judge amongst all the saHaba is Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu.”

Hadrat Saeed ibn Habeeb Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu says, “There was no person in Madinah Munawwarah except Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu who could say, ‘Ask me what ever you want to know’”

Hadrat Abdullah ibn Mas'ood Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu was also the possessor of great knowledge, but he too used to openly announce the following, “None has more knowledge of the Fara'idh than Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu and none has more understanding than him.” Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu says, “If I wished to compile the commentary of Sura Fateh, then I would be able to load 40 camels with books (from this tafseer).”



LOVE FOR HADRAT ALI: The Muhaditheen have recorded that Hadrat Ali al-Murtuda Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu said, “The Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said the following words about me, ‘You have a special attachment with Hadrat Esa Alaihis Salam. The Jews hated him so bitterly that (Allah forbid) they accused his pure mother Bibi Maryam Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu and the Christians went over the limitations in his love to such an extent, that (Allah forbid) they called him the son of Allah. Beware, since there will also be two groups in your case. One will be those, who in your love will hold you in such esteem, that they will transgress the limitations and the other group, will be those who will have dislike for you, and they shall target you with their accusations.’”

From these blessed words, it is evident that both the Kharijis and Shi'as are Misled and that the proper ones are the Ahle Sunnat wa al-Jama’at, who show great love to Sayyiduna Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu and yet we do not transgress the limitations.

HIS POETRY: In eloquence and command of language, there is none that can be equal to the people of Arabia. They have the ability to render beautiful impromptu verses of prose. Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu was also a very great poet. He wrote Praises to Allah, and many poems in praise of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam, which can be found in the books of history and Seerah. A few stanzas of his poems are being presented for attaining blessings.

Radeena Qismatal Jabaari feena
Lana ilmuw wa lil Juhhaali Maalu

“We are pleased with that which our Lord has distributed
That, he blessed me with knowledge and the ignorant with wealth.”

Li Annal Maala Yufni Anqareebin
wa Innal ilma Yabqaa Laa Yazaalu

“Because very soon, the wealth will become less and be finished
And knowledge will remain, for there is no end for it.”

WIVES AND CHILDREN: There are numerous opinions of the Ulama on the wives of Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu and how many they were. However, his first wife was Bibi Faatima Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu, the daughter of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. He was not allowed to remarry as long as she was in his Nikah. His second wife was Bibi Imaama, who was the grand daughter of the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam and the daughter of Sayyida Zainab Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu. He married her because Bibi Faatima Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu asked him to do so before she passed away. His third wife was Hadrat Aasma bint Umais Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu. She was married to his brother Hadrat Jaafar Tayyaar Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu. After his demise, she married Hadrat Abu Bakr Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu and after his demise, she came into the Nikah of Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu. His fourth wife was Hadrat Khaula bint Jaafar bin Qais Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu. His fifth wife was Umm al-Baneen Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu, His sixth wife was Umme Habeeb bint Rabiaa Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu, His seventh was Sayyida Laila bint Mas’ood Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu, His eight wife was Umme Sa’ad bint Urwah and his ninth wife’s name is not known. There are numerous narrations concerning the number of children. Mufti Ahmad Yaar Khan Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu said twelve sons and nine daughters. Allama Muhammad Mia Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu has mentioned 18 sons and 18 daughters.



INCIDENTS RELATING TO HIS SHAHAADAT: The shahaadat of Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu was a very painful event in the history of Islam. Three Kharijies, Abdur Rahmaan bin Muljim, Bark bin Abdullah Tameemi and Amr bin Bukair Tameemi, planned to martyr Hadrat Ali, Hadrat Ameer Muawiyah and Hadrat Amr ibn al-A’as (Ridwaanullahi Ta'ala Alaihim Ajmaeen) on the same day. These traitors planned to attack these Sahaba Kiraam Ridwaanullahi Ta'ala Alaihim Ajmaeen) on the 17th of Ramadaan 40 Hijri. Bark went to Syria and attacked Hadrat Ameer Muawiyah Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu who was only injured and was not martyred. Bark was captured. His hands and feet were cut off, and he was set free. Amr bin Bakeer went to Egypt to martyr Hadrat Amr ibn al-'Aas Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu. On that day, Hadrat Amr Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu was ill and he appointed Sahl Aamiri or Khaarija to perform the Namaaz. Thinking that he was Hadrat Amr Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu, Ibn Bukair attacked and killed him. He was captured and taken to Hadrat Amr Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu and was killed. Early that morning Hadrat Ali awoke and told Hadrat Imam Hussain Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu that he had seen the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam in his dream. He said, “I told the Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam that I had attained no comfort from his Ummah. The Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam said that I should curse the tyrants, and I made this dua, ‘O Allah! Take me away from these people and put me amongst better people and put such a person in my place who will be very bad for them.”

Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu was still talking to Hadrat Imam Hasan Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu when the Muazzin announced the time for Salaah. Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu walked towards the Masjid for Salaah and as he entered the Masjid, Ibn Muljim the cursed came from behind a pillar and struck Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu on his blessed face, with a sword that was dipped in poison. The people in the Masjid arrested him and brought him before Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu. He said, “Imprison him, but make a soft bed for him and give him good food. If I survive, then I have the right to forgive him or avenge what he has done and if I pass away, then kill him also.”

Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu passed away on the 21st of Ramadan from the severe injury caused by the attack on him. He passed away at the age of 63.

HIS FINAL ADVICE: Before his wisaal, he called Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain (Radi Allahu Anhum) and said, “I advice you to remain pious and do not wish for the world even if it wishes for you. And if you lose any worldly belonging, then do not cry over it. Have mercy on the orphans, and help the weak.” He then turned to one of his sons, Hadrat Muhammad bin Hanafiyah Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu and gave him the same advice. He then read the Kalima and his soul travelled from this mundane world in to the heights of the hereafter. Inna Lillaahi wa Inna Ilaihi Raaji'oon!!

GHUSL AND KAFFAN: Hadrat Imam Hasan, Imam Hussain and Abdullah ibn Jaa'far (Ridwaanullahi Ta'ala Alaihim Ajma'een) gave him ghusl and tied his kaffan, which was three pieces of cloth. Hadrat Imam Hasan Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu lead his Janaaza Salaah. [Taareekh al-Khulafa]

MAZAAR-E-PAAK: There are numerous narrations relating to his Mazaar Shareef, but the most famous narration is that it is in Najf Ashraf in Iraq.




THE AQIDA OF THE AHL AS-SUNNAH WA AL-JAMA’AH

Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu was blessed with many beautiful qualities and splendours. It is the belief of the Ahle Sunnat wa al-Jama’ah that Hadrat Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu is the fourth Khalifa of Islam, which the Shias reject and thus oppose the other Khulafa. The belief of the Shias in this issue of Khilafat and in other related issues is totally corrupt. The Ahle Sunnat Wa Jama’at should stay away from them and keep them away from us. The Great Imam Aa'dham Abu Hanifa Sayyidi Nau'man bin Thaabit Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu says, “The most exalted amongst the people after Huzoor SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam are Hadrat Abu Bakr, then Hadrat Umar, then Hadrat Uthman, then Hadrat Ali (Ridwaanullahi Ta'aala Alaihim Ajma'een).”

Dar Qutni have recorded in his Sunan that Syeduna Ali Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho said,
Whoever says that I (Ali) am more excellent than Abu Bakr and Umar, I shall punish him with the Hadd of a Slanderer. [as-Sawaa'iq al-MuHarriqah, Page 91]

The same narration is recorded in the famous Asma ar-Rijal book of Shia Madh'hab named, Rijal-e-Kashi, Page Number 338, Printed in Karbala.

The son of Sayyiduna Ali, Imaam Muhammad bin Hanafiyya narrates: 'I asked my father who was the best of people after the Holy Prophet and he answered "Abu Bakr". I asked him who is the best of people after Abu Bakr and he replied, "Umar"' [Sahih Bukhari, Vol 1, Page 518]

Hadrat Abdullah bin Salma reports from Sayyiduna Ali, 'After the Noble Messenger, the best of people is Abu Bakr, then the best of people is Umar' [Sunan Ibn Majah, Page 11]

Hadrat Imam Jalal al-Din Suyooti Alaihir raHma records that Syeduna ALI Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anho said,
The most exalted amongst the people after Beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam are Hadrat Abu Bakr and Hadrat Umar. And it is impossible for a heart of a Momin that My Love and Hatred towards Abu Bakr and Umar Radi ALLAHu Anhum resides together. [Tarikh al-Khulafa, Page 122]

Sayyiduna Gawth al-Aa'zam Sheikh Abdul Qaadir Jilaani Radi ALLAHu Ta'ala Anhu says, “The Aqida of the Ahle Sunnat wa al-Jama’ah is this, that the Ummah of the Prophet Muhammad SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam is the Greatest of all Ummahs, and from the Ummah, the greatest are the Asharah al-Mubasharah. These are ten personalities, namely, Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, Ali, Talha, Zubair, Abdur Rahman bin Auf, Sa'ad, Sa'eed and Abu Ubaidah Al Jarah (Ridwaanullahi Ta'ala Alaihim Ajma'een). From these ten, the most exalted are the Khulafa ar-Raashideen. From the four of them, the most exalted is Abu Bakr as-Siddique, then Umar al-Farooq, then Uthman al-Ghani and then Ali al-Murtuda.” (Ridwaanullahi Ta'ala Alaihim Ajma'een).



Sixth Noor of Qadiriyah Spiritual Chain Sayyiduna Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu

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HIS POSITION IN THE SILSILA: Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu is the Sixth Imam and Shaykh of the Silsila Aaliyah Qadiriyah Barakatiyah Ridawiyyah Nooriyah. Much has been said in his praise by many great scholars.

BIRTH: He was born on a Monday, the 7th of Rabi ul Awwal in either 80 or 83 Hijri in Madinah Munawwarah. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol.1, Page 217]

HIS NAME: His name was Jaafar bin Muhammad, and he was also known as Abu Abdullah and Abu Ismaeel. His titles were Saadiq, Faadil and Taahir.

HIS MOTHER: His mother’s name was Umm-e-Fardah who was the daughter of Hadrat Qasim Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu, the grandson of Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu and Hadrat Qasim’s Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu mother, A’asma Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu is the daughter of Hadrat Abdur Rahmaan, the son of Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu.

HIS FEATURES: He was very handsome and had a radiant appearance. He had the perfect height, and was tan in complexion. He encompassed the exemplary qualities his forefathers. Haafiz Abu Nuaim Isfahani narrates in Khalifatul Abraar on the authority of Umar bin Midqaam, “When I used to look at Hadrat Imam Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu then I used to immediately feel that he was from amongst the descendants of the Prophets”

EXCELLENCE: He was without doubt the true successor to the Muslim empire and one of the greatest Imams of his era. Imam Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu was a great Aabid and Sufi. Many secrets of Tasawwuf were explained by him. It is in Tabqaatul Abraar, that he received the authority of Hadith from his blessed father, from Imam Zuhri and Naaf'i and ibn Munkadir etc. and Sufyaan Sawri, Ibn Ainiyyah, Shu’ba, Yahya Al Qataan, Imam Maalik and his son Imam Moosa Kaazim (ridwaanullahi ta aala alaihim ajmaeen) attained this authority of Hadith from him. Allama Ibn Hajar Makki Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu writes in Sawaa’iq Muhariqa . “The exalted Imams such as Yahya Bin Saeed, Ibn Jareeh, Imam Maalik ibn Anas, Imam Sufyaan Sawri, Sufyan bin Ainiyyah, Imam Abu Hanifa and Abu Ayoob Sajistani (ridwaanullahi ta aala alaihim ajmaeen) took Hadith from him.” [Masaalik as-Saalikeen]

HIS CHARACTER: He was a very exalted and pious personality. His inner and outer appearance exuded brightness and radiance. He addressed the poor and the downtrodden with great love. Once he called all his servants and said, “Let us give our hands in the hands of one another and promise that whichever one of us first receives salvation on the day of Qiyaamah, he will intercede for the rest of us.” On hearing this, they said, “O Ibn Rasool SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam! For what reason do you need our intercession, when your beloved forefather Rasoolullah SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam will intercede for the entire creation?” He then said, “I am ashamed to take my deeds and stand before my forefather, the Holy Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam.”

Once Hadrat Dawood Taa’ee Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu came to Hadrat Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu and said, “Beloved descendant of the Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam please give some advice, as my heart has become dark.” Hadrat Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu said, “O Abu Sulaiman! You are great Zaahid of your era. What need do you have for my advice?” Hadrat Dawood Taa’ee Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu said, “O descendant of the Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam, You have been blessed with excellence amongst people and to advise everyone is compulsory upon you.” He then said, “O Abu Sulaiman! I fear that on the day of Qiyaamah, my forefather Muhammadur Rasoolullah SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam will hold me by my collar and ask, ‘Why were you slow in fulfilling your right to submission?’ What will I say then? Thus, this deed (of advice) does not depend on ones stature or family lineage, but it deals with good deeds which are done in the Court of Allah.” Hadrat Dawood Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu heard this and began to weep. He then said, “O Allah! When such a great personality, who is the descendant of a Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam, and whose reality is filled with light and wisdom, and whose great grandmother is Bibi Faatima, is so afraid of his future and condition, then what right does Dawood Taa’ee have do be proud of his deeds?” [Masaalik as-Saalikeen]


HIS IBAADAT: He was well known for his ibaadat, and his striving in the Court of Allah. Hadrat Imam Malik Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu says, “I spent a very long time serving him, and I always found him in one of three Ibaadats. Either he was in namaaz, or engrossed in recitation of the Quran, or he would be fasting.” He never narrated any Hadith Shareef without wudhu. [Tazkirat al-Awliyah]

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HIS DUA: He was without doubt a faithful servant of Allah, and he always attained everything that he asked for from the Court of Allah. Abul Qasim Tabri narrates from Wahab, that he heard Laith bin Sa’ad Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu saying, “I was on my way to Hajj by foot in 113 Hijri and I reached Makkah Muazammah. I reached Jabl Abu Qais close to the time of Asr Salaah. There, I saw a pious man sitting (in seclusion), making dua. He was saying ‘Ya Rabbi Ya Rabbi’ so many times, that breathing became difficult. Then in the same way, he said ‘Ya Hayy Ya Hayy’ then ‘Ya Rab’bahu Ya Rab’bahu, then in the same say, he said ‘Ya Allah Ya Allah’ in one breath continuously. He then said ‘Ya Rahmaanu Ya Rahmaanu, Ya Raheemu Ya Raheemu’ and then he went on to say ‘Ya Arhamar Raahimeen’. He then said, “O Allah I desire to eat grapes. Please bless me with some, and my clothes have become old and tattered Please give me new ones.”

Hadrat Laith says, “By Allah, he was still competing his dua, when I saw a basket of grapes kept before him, whereas it was not event the grape season and I did not see an grapes near him before his dua. I also saw that there were two pieces of cloth kept near the grapes. I have never seen such beautiful material before. He then sat down to eat the grapes. I went up to him and said, Huzoor! May I also have a part in this?, and he asked how this was so, so I said, I was saying Aameen as you made the dua. He said, ‘Well then, step forward and join me.’ I also began to partake in the grapes. They were so tasty, that never have I eaten such delicious grapes. I ate until I was satisfied, but the basket still remained as it was before, full of grapes. He then offered on piece of cloth to me, and I said that I had no need for it, so he tied one around his waist, and he draped the other over his shoulder. He then descended from the mountain and I followed him. As he drew close to Saffa and Marwa, a beggar called out to him and said, ‘O Descendant of the Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam! Give these clothes to me and Allah will dress you in the clothes of Jannat.” He immediately gave the two pieces of cloth to the beggar. (On seeing this), I enquired about the identity of this pious man from the beggar, who informed me that he was Hadrat Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu. I then looked for him so that I may listen to some words of wisdom from him and attain his blessings, but he had disappeared from my sight.” [Tazkirat al-Awliyah, Page 12]

Once, some people saw that Hadrat Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu was wearing a very expensive robe. One of them walked up to him and said, “Huzoor! It is not good for the Ahle Bait to wear such expensive clothing.” He caught hold of the man’s hand and thrust it into his sleeves. The man was amazed when he found that a Hadrat was wearing clothes make from sacks under his robe. Hadrat Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu then said, “The one inside is for my Creator and the one on top is for the creation.”

A man once lost his purse which contained one thousand dinaars. Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu was walking close to him, so he held the hand of the Imam and accused him of stealing his money. Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu asked how much he had in his money bag, and the man said that he had one thousand dinaars. Hadrat took him home and gave him one thousand dinaars from his wealth. The next day, the man found his money bag, and came rushing to Hadrat Imam Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu to return the money he had taken from him. Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu said, “We do not take back what we have already given.” The man then asked some people who this person was, and he was told that it was Hadrat Imam Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu. When he heard this, he became very sad and regretted his behavior. [Tazkirat al-Awliyah]

DEBATE WITH AN ATHEIST: Hadrat Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu spent a lot of his time spreading the word of Allah and His Rasool SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam. He always spoke against those who did not believe in Allah. An atheist from Egypt came to Hadrat Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu whilst he was in Makkah. Hadrat Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu asked his name and he said that his name was Abdul Malik and he was also known as Abdullah. On hearing this Hadrat said, “Malik, whose servant you are, is he from the Kingdom of the Skies or the Kingdom of the earth, the Lord that is the Lord of your son, is he the Lord of the skies or the Lord of the Earths?” The atheist could not answer this question. Hadrat then said, “Did you ever journey under the earth? Do you know what is beyond it?” He replied in the negative and said, “I think there is nothing beyond it.” Hadrat then said to him, “Thinking is not sufficient! However, have you ever flown into the skies and journeyed beyond the skies?” Again he replied in the negative. Hadrat said, “Did you ever travel the entire East and West and did you realise anything about the future from this?” Again he answered in the negative. Hadrat said, “I am amazed, that you are not aware of the earth and what is beneath it, and the sky and what is beyond it, and in this state of ignorance, you still have the arrogance to reject the existence of Allah. O Ignorant man! There is no argument for one who is naive about that which is a reality. The sun, the moon, the night and day, are all in a specific pattern. Verily they are within some divine control. If they were free, then they would move as they willed and would sometimes go to an appointed spot and not return. Why is it that the night does not take the place of day and the day does not take the place of night? Do you not ponder upon the reality of the skies and the earth? Why does the sky not come to the earth and why is it that the earth is not flattened by the sky? There is definitely ONE, who has all this in His Divine Control. It is He (Allah) who is All Powerful. It is He, who is our and their Lord.” When the atheist heard this, he immediately accepted Islam and had faith in the existence of Allah.


HADRAT BAYAZEED BUSTAAMI: Hadrat Ba Yazeed Bustaami Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu used to distribute water in the Darbaar of Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu. Hadrat placed his saintly sight on Hadrat Bayazeed Bustaami Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu once, and he became one of the greatest mystics of his time. He then served in the Court of Hadrat Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu and became one of the greatest Awliyah.

IMAM-E-AZAM ABU HANIFA: Hadrat Imam Azam Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu attained great blessings from Hadrat Imam Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu. It is narrated that once he asked Imam Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu concerning who is an intelligent person. Hadrat Imam Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu said, “He who can differentiate between good and evil is an intelligent man.” Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu said, “Even animals have the ability to differentiate. It can differentiate between those who love them, beat them or instill fear in them?” Imam Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu then said, “O Hadrat! Would you please explain who is truly intelligent?” Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu said, “An intelligent person, is one who can differentiate between two good things and two evils, so that he may choose the better of two good things and that he may be able to repel the worse of two evils.”

SHAYKH-E-TARIQAT: He was the mureed and Khalifa of Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Baaqir Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu and attained great blessings from his beloved father.

BOOKS AND TREATIES: Hadrat has also written books on numerous topics, as mentioned by scholars like Imam Kamaaludeen etc.

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KARAAMATS: Hadrat Imam Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu is an example for Muslims in every way. His greatest Karaamat was his firmness on the Shariat. His every step was in accordance with the Sunnat of the Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam. A few of his Karaamats are being quoted below.

A MANSION IN JANNAH: Once, a man came to Hadrat Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu before journeying for Hajj. He gave Hadrat 10,000 dirhams, and asked him to purchase a mansion for him before he returned. Instead of purchasing a mansion, Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu distributed the entire 10,000 dirhams in the way of Allah. After the man returned from Hajj, he went to meet Hadrat Imam Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu. Hadrat Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu told him that he had purchased his mansion and then handed the title deed over to him. The title deed read as follows : “One wall of the house is adjoined to the house of the Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam, the other wall is adjoined to the house of Hadrat Ali Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu, the third wall is adjoined to the house of Imam Hassan Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu and the fourth wall is adjoined to the house of Imam Hussain Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu.” The man took this title deed, and asked his family members to place it in his grave when he passed away. After his demise, his family members found the title deed on the top of his grave and on the rear of the title deed the following words were written,

“Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu was honest and loyal in what he said.” [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol.1, Page 220]

AMAZING INCIDENT: Once, he was on his way to Hajj, when he stopped to rest under a date tree which was completely dried out. At the time of Chasht, he asked the tree to present him with some dates. Immediately, the tree became green and lush and full of dates. Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu then ate from it. A villager was passing by and saw this. He saw this great karaamat and said that it was magic. Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu said,

“This is not magic. Almighty Allah has blessed me with such a quality, that he accepts all my duas. If I make dua, even you can be transformed into a dog.” Hadrat had not yet completed what he was saying, when the villager began to resemble a dog. He quickly repented and asked Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu to forgive him. Hadrat made dua for him, and he was transformed to his normal self. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol.1, Page 223]

KHALIFA MANSOOR: Khalifa Mansoor once sent one of his ministers to summon Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu to his Court. He informed his servants that when Imam Jaafar arrived, they should wait for him (Mansoor) to remove his crown. The moment he did this, they should martyr Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu. When the minister heard this, he was not pleased and thus tried to explain to Mansoor, how wrong it was to kill a pious person, who is also a Sayyid. The Khalifa did not take heed and had Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu summoned. When Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu arrived, the servants waited for their cue, so that they may martyr Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu. Instead, Mansoor woke up from his throne and rushed towards the Imam. He brought him towards his throne and allowed him to sit on it with great respect, whilst he sat on the ground in front of the great Imam. The servants and ministers were surprised to see this sudden change in plan. Mansoor then asked the Imam if he had any requests. Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu said,"In future you should not summon me to your court, as I wish to remain engrossed in Ibaadat."

When he heard these words, his body began to tremble and he allowed the Imam to leave with respect. When the Imam left, the minister asked about the sudden change in plan and Mansoor said, "When Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu entered my court, I saw a huge python with him. The python had its one lip over my throne and one under my throne, and it spoke to me and said that if I tried to ever harm the Imam, then he would consume me with my throne, and that is why I behaved in the manner which I did."

HIS CHILDREN: He was blessed with six sons and one daughter. Their names are :

1. Hadrat Ismaeel
2. Hadrat Muhammad
3. Hadrat Ali
4. Hadrat Abdullah
5. Hadrat Ishaaq
6. Hadrat Moosa Kaazim
7. Bibi Umm-e-Fardah (Ridwaanullahi Ta'ala Alaihim Ajma'een)

HIS KHULAFA: If one studies the books of history, then one will learn about his Khulafa, and how exalted each one of them was and how they had attained his blessings. Some of them are:

1. Hadrat Imam Moosa Kaazim  Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu
2. Hadrat Imam Azam Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu
3. Hadrat Sultaan Bayazeed Bustaami Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu

WISAAL: He passed away during the rule of the second Abbasi Khalifa Abu Jaafar Mansoor bin Abul Abbas As Safah on a Friday, the 15th of Rajab or 24 Shawwal 148 Hijri at the age of 68 in Madinatul Munawwarah. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol.1, Page 217]

MAZAAR SHAREEF: His Mazaar Shareef is in Jannat al-Baqi in Madinatul Munawwarah.

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The Importance of Fiqh and Excellence of a Faqih

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Fiqah refers to Islamic Jurisprudence and is the explanation of the Shariah in the light of the Qur’an and Sunnah. There are four well-known schools of Jurisprudence, namely; Hanafi; Shafi’i; Hambali and Maliki. Fiqh plays a very important part in the life of every Muslim. The learned Jurists (Fuqaha) have derived the important rulings of the Shariah based on the commands of Qur’an and Sunnah. The importance of Fiqh and the excellence in understanding the Deen has been mentioned clearly in the Holy Qur’an and the Hadith.

Shafi'i, Malik, Ahmad, Imam-e-Hanif;
Chaar Baag-e-Imamat pe Laakhon Salam

Blessed Grave of Imam al-Azam Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu in Baghdad Sharif, Iraq.
 
Fiqh in the Light of the Qur’an al-Karim

Intellect, acumen and understanding are great blessings of Allah. It is necessary for a Muslim to be blessed with these if he wishes to understand the Holy Qur’an, The Hadith, and the secrets and laws that have been mentioned therein.

Almighty Allah says

إن في ذلك لآيات لقوم يعقلون
‘Verily, in it are signs for those who understand’ [Surah al-Rome, Verse 24]

In another verse of the Holy Qur’an Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala says

إن في ذلك لآيات لقوم يتفكرون
‘Verily, in it are signs for those who deliberate.’ [Surah al-Rome, Verse 21]

Almighty Allah says

وتلك الأمثال نضربها للناس لعلهم يتفكرون
‘And We present these examples for the people, so that they may contemplate’ [Surah al-Hashr, Verse 21]

Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala says

قد فصلنا الآيات لقوم يفقهون
‘Undoubtedly, we have explained the signs in detail; for those who understand.’ [Surah al-An’aam Verse 98]

The above mentioned verses of the Holy Qur’an make it very clear that to attain Tafaqquh fid Deen, i.e. proper understanding and appreciation of the Deen; one has to be blessed with intellect and the capability to understand.

Those who have been blessed with the knowledge of Deen and especially with the knowledge of Fiqh are those who have been bestowed with special blessings by Allah SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala.

The Holy Qur’an makes it very clear that those with knowledge and those who are unaware are not alike. Almighty Allah says

قل هل يستوي الذين يعلمون والذين لا يعلمون إنما يتذكر أولو الألباب
‘(O Beloved) Say you; Are those who know and those who know not equal? Surely, it is the wise alone that recognize the guidance.’ [Surah al-Zumar, Verse 9]

Almighty Allah says:

ومن يؤت الحكمة فقد أوتي خيرا كثيرا
‘And he, who has been blessed with wisdom, has surely been blessed with great virtue.’ [Surah al-Baqarah, Verse 269]

It must be noted that the Mufasireen (commentators of the Qur’an) have mentioned that wherever in the Qur’an the mention of Wisdom has come, it refers to the knowledge of Fiqh. The importance of Fiqh, i.e. understanding the Deen is also evident from this verse of the Holy Qur’an.

Almighty Allah says

فلولا نفر من كل فرقة منهم طائفة ليتفقهوا في الدين ولينذروا قومهم إذا رجعوا إليهم لعلهم يحذرون
‘And it is not possible for all the believers to go out (at once); Then why should a delegation not come forth from every grouping, so that they may attain the understanding of Religion, thereafter returning to their people, warning them, in the hope that they may remain guarded. [Surah al-Tawbah, Verse 122]

Whilst explaining this verse of the Holy Qur’an, Sadrul Afaadil Allama Sayyid Na’eemud’deen Muradabadi Alaihir raHma wa ar-Ridwan says:

‘It is not necessary for every person to become an Aalim or Faqih. However, every individual has to attain sufficient knowledge to be able to differentiate between that which is lawful and unlawful, and to know what Fard is and what Waajib is. To acquire this amount of knowledge is Fard-e-‘Ain upon every Muslim, and to acquire more knowledge than this is Fard-e-Kifaayah. It has been mentioned in the Hadith, that it is Fard upon every Muslim to acquire knowledge (of Deen).’ [Tafseer Khazain al-Irfan]

Blessed Grave of  Imam Maalik Ibn Anas Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu in Baqi Sharif.
 
The Excellence of a Faqih in the Light of Hadith

Up to now, we have mentioned the importance of Fiqh in the light of the Holy Qur’an. This has been further explained and clarified in the Hadith Sharif.

Hadrat Sayyiduna Ameer Mu’awiyah Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu has reported that the Beloved Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him) said:

من يرد الله به خيرا يفقهه في الدين
‘If Allah wills to bestow someone with special virtue; He makes him a Faqih of the Religion’.

Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Chapter 13, Page 137, Hadith 71
Sahih Muslim, Volume 6, Chapter 34, Page 396, Hadith 2439
Mishkat al-Masabih, Volume 1, Page 43, Hadith 200

Hadrat Abu Hurairah Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu reported that Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam said:

خيارهم في الجاهلية خيارهم في الإسلام إذا فقهوا
‘Those who were good in the days of ignorance are also good in Islam, if they have understanding of the Deen.’

Sahih Bukhari, Volume 12, Chapter 8, Page 20, Hadith 3353
Sahih Muslim, Volume 15, Chapter 44, Page 450, Hadith 6311
Mishkat al-Masabih, Volume 1, Page 43, Hadith 201

In this Hadith, Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam mentioned that people are bestowed with being better, on the basis of Fiqh, i.e. on the basis of their understanding of their Deen. This also proves that according to Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam, one of the best qualities in a person is for him to have knowledge of Fiqh.

Once the Holy Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him) made the following Dua for Hadrat Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu by saying:

اللهم فقهه في الدين
‘O Allah! Make him a Faqih of the Religion.’

Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Chapter 10, Page 260, Hadith 143
Sahih Muslim, Volume 16, Chapter 45, Page 195, Hadith 6523
Mishkat al-Masabih, Volume 3, Page 340, Hadith 6139

Hadrat Ibn ‘Abbas Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu says that Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam said

فقيه واحد أشد على الشيطان من ألف عابد
‘One Faqih is more superior over shaitaan, than a thousand worshippers.’

Sunan Tirmidhi, Volume 10, Chapter 19, Page 203, Hadith 2897
Sunan Ibn Majah, Volume 1, Chapter 39, Page 267, Hadith 227
Mishkat al-Masabih, Volume 1, Page 47, Hadith 217

From this Hadith it is evident that a single Faqih (Jurist) is more powerful over shaitaan, than a thousand devout worshippers. The reason for this is that due to the knowledge which Almighty Allah has bestowed upon him, and due to his understanding of the Deen, he is able to recognise and avoid the traps and the trickery of shaitaan. In reality, he becomes the one who assist others to be protected from the trickery and deception of shaitaan.


Blessed Grave of Imam Muhammad ibn Idris al-Shafi'i Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu in al-Fustat, Egypt.

In Ilm al-Hadith, there are two things that are fundamental. The first being, the authenticity of the chain of transmission, and its narration; and the second being its meaning and understanding it. The Muhaditheen of the Ummah memorised and preserved the words and chain of transmission of the Hadith, whereas the distinguished Fuqaha carried the responsibility of understanding its true meaning and wisdom. It should also be noted that the distinguished Fuqaha also have complete expertise and proficiency in the subject of Hadith. One incident pointing to the importance and excellence of the Fuqaha is as follows:

Khateeb Baghdadi Alaihir raHma wa ar-Ridwan mentions that a Group of Muhaditheen were present, when a woman who used to bathe deceased females came forth and asked a question, ‘Can a female who is menstruating give Ghusl to a female who has passed away or not?’

Imam Yahya bin Mu’een, Abu Hatheema, Zuhair bin Harb, and Khalf bin Saalim etc. who are regarded amongst distinguished Muhaditheen were present there. Each one of them began to look at the other, and none of them was able to give an answer immediately. At that time, Imam Abu Thaur who with the exception of being a Muhadith; was also a Mujtahid and a Faqih, passed by. The lady approached him and queried regarding the said issue. He said ‘Yes, a female who is menstruating is permitted to give Ghusl to a deceased female.’ The reason being that once Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam said to Hadrat A’isha Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anha:

حيضتك ليس في يدك
‘Your menstruation is not in your hand’.

It is also mentioned in the Hadith that whilst in the condition of Haidh, Hadrat A’isha Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anha used to sprinkle water in the hair of the Prophet (Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon Him) and she would comb a path in his hair. So, if in such a condition, water can be poured onto the head of a living person, why then can a deceased not be given Ghusl?’

When the distinguished Muhaditheen heard this Fatwa of Imam Abu Thaur they began to discuss the chain of transmission of the Hadith he had mentioned, mentioning who its narrators were and how it was narrated. When the woman heard this, she said ‘Where were you all this while?’ In other words, she tried to say that if that were the case, why then did they not give the answer’. [Tareekh-e-Baghdad, Volume 6, Page 67]

Blessed Grave of Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu in Baghdad, Iraq.

اسلام کا آٹھواں مہینہ شعبان المعظم

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پانچویں صدی کے مجدد سیدنا امام محمد غزالی رحمۃ اللہ علیہ فرماتے ہیں ''شعبان دراصل شعب سے مشتق ہے ۔ اس کا معنی ہے پہاڑ کو جانے کا راستہ، اور یہ بھلائی کا راستہ ہے۔ شعبان سے خیر کثیر نکلتی ہےــ'' (مکاشفۃ القلوب صفحہ ٦٨١) 

ایک اور قول کے مطابق شعبان تشعب سے ماخوذ ہے اور تشعب کے معنی تفرق کے ہیں۔ چونکہ اس ماہ میں بھی خیر کثیر متفرق ہوتی ہے، نیز بندوں کو رزق اس مہینہ میں متفرق اور تقسیم ہوتے ہیں۔ (فضائل الایام والشہور صفحہ ٤٠٤/ ماثبت باالسنۃ صفحہ١٨٦)

سیدی و سندی حضور غوث اعظم الشیخ عبدالقادر حسنی حسینی جیلانی رضی اللہ عنہ فرماتے ہیں کہ شعبان میں پانچ حرف ہیں۔

١۔ شین
٢۔ عین
٣۔ باء
٤۔ الف
٥۔ نون

پس ''شین'' عبارت ہے شرف سے اور ''عین'' عبارت ہے علو سے اور ''با ''عبارت ہے بِرّ (یعنی بھلائی) سے اور ''الف ''عبارت ہے الفت سے اور ''نون ''عبارت ہے نور سے۔ لہٰذا اللہ تعالیٰ ماہِ شعبان میں اپنے نیک بندوں کو یہ پانچ چیزیں عطا فرماتا ہے۔ (غنیۃ الطالبین عربی، جلد۔١، صفحہ ٢٨٨، نزہۃ المجالس ج۔١، صفحہ ١٣١)

شب برات سے متعلق ارشاد خداوندی :

حٰمۤ o وَ الْکِتٰبِ الْمُبِیْنِ o اِنَّا اَنْزَلْنٰہُ فِیْ لَیْلَۃٍ مُّبٰرَکَۃٍ اِنَّا کُنَّا مُنْذِرِیْنَ o فِیْھَا یُفْرَقُ کُلُّ اَمْرٍ حَکِیْمٍo اَمْرًا مِّنْ عِنْدِنَا ط اِنَّا کُنَّا مُرْسِلِیْنَo (سورہ دخان، آیت ١ تا ٥)
ترجمہ :۔ قسم اس روشن کتاب کی بیشک ہم نے اسے برکت والی رات میں اتارا بے شک ہم ڈر سنانے والے ہیں اس میں بانٹ دیا جاتا ہے ہر حکمت والا کام ہمارے پاس کے حکم سے بے شک ہم بھیجنے والے ہیں۔ (کنز الایمان)

اس رات سے کون سی رات مراد ہے علمائے کرام کے اس میں دو قول ہیں۔ حضرت ابن عباس رضی اللہ عنہما و حضرت قتادہ رضی اللہ عنہ اور اکثر مفسرین کی رائے یہ ہے کہ وہ لیلۃ القدر تھی کیونکہ سورہ قدر میں اس کی وضاحت موجود ہے اور حضرت عکرمہ رضی اللہ عنہ اور جماعت کا خیال ہے کہ اس سے مراد پندرہ شعبان کی رات تھی۔

شعبان المعظم کی اہم ترین عبادت:

غوث الثقلین ، امام الفریقین، سیدنا شیخ عبدالقادر جیلانی رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہ فرماتے ہیں ''اس مہینے میں محبوب خدا صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم پر درود شریف کی کثرت کرنی چاہئے ، کیونکہ یہ مہینہ حضور پر نور شافع یوم النشور صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کا مہینہ ہے ۔ درود شریف اور اس مہینے کے وسیلے سے بار گاہِ الٰہی میں قرب حاصل کرنا چاہئے۔ (غنیۃ الطالبین عربی، جلد ۔١،صفحہ ٢٨٨)

فضائل میں احادیث:

نبی کریم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے فرمایا ،'' رجب اللہ تعالیٰ کا مہینہ ہے، شعبان میرا مہینہ ہے، اور رمضان میری اُمت کا مہینہ ہے۔'' (ماثبت با السنۃ صفحہ١٧٠بحوالہ جامع الکبیر بروایت امام حسن بصری رحمۃ اللہ علیہ) 

محدث ویلمی علیہ الرحمۃ روایت کرتے ہیں، ''حضرت عائشہ رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہا نے فرمایا، میں نے حضور اکرم محمد رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کو یہ فرماتے سُنا ، اللہ تعالیٰ چار راتوں میں بھلائی کی مہر لگاتا ہے۔

(١) شب عید الاضحی
(٢) شب عید الفطر
(٣) ماہ رجب کی پہلی شب
(٤) شب نصف شعبان۔ 

حضرت ابو امامہ باہلی رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ سے مروی ہے ، نبی کریم رؤف الرحیم علیہ الصلوٰۃ والتسلیم نے فرمایا، ''پانچ راتیں ایسی ہیں کہ ان میں کوئی دعا رد نہیں ہوتی،

(١) رجب کی پہلی رات
(٢) نصف شعبان کی رات
(٣) جمعہ کی رات
(٤) اور
(٥) دونوں عیدوں کی رات۔

حضور اکرم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے شعبان کی تیرہویں شب اپنی امت کی شفاعت کیلئے دعا کی تو آپ کو تہائی عطا ہوا، پھر چودہویں شب دعا کی تو دو تہائی عطا ہوا، پھر پندرہویں شب دعا کی تو سب کچھ عطا ہوا ، سوائے اس کے جو اللہ تعالیٰ سے بِدکے ہوئے اونٹ کی طرح بھاگے یعنی نافرمانی کرنے والا۔ (مکاشفۃ القلوب صفحہ ٦٨٢)

حضرت ابو امامہ باہلی رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ سے مروی ہے کہ رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم آمد شعبان پر فرماتے ، اس میں اپنی جانوں کو پاک کرو اور اپنی نیتوں کو درست کرو۔ (مکاشفۃ القلوب ٦٨١)

ابن اسحق نے حضرت انس بن مالک رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ سے روایت کیا کہ ام المؤمنین سیدہ عائشہ صدیقہ رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہا نے مجھے بتایا نصف شعبان کی شب رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم مسجد میں سجدہ کی حالت میں یہ دعا فرما رہے تھے ،

سَجَدَ لَکَ سَوَا دِیْ وَخَیَالِیْ وَاٰمَنَ بِکَ فَوَا دِیْ وَہٰذِہ یَدِیْ وَمَا جَنَیْتُ بِہَا عَلیٰ نَفْسِیْ یَا عَظِیْمًا یُّرْ جیٰ لِکُلِّ عَظِیْمٍ اِغْفِرِ الذَّنْبَ الْعَظِیْمَ سَجَدَوَجْہِیَ لِلَّذِیْ خَلَقَہ، وَصَوَّرَہ، وَشَقَّ سَمْعَہ، وَبَصَرَہ،
میرے بدن اور میری صورت نے تجھے سجدہ کیا میرا دل تجھ پر ایمان لایا اور یہ میرے ہاتھ ہیں جن سے میں نے خود پر زیادتی کی، اے عظیم! ہر بڑی بات میں اس پر امید کی جاتی ہے، بڑا گناہ معاف فرمادے میرے چہرے نے اس ذات کو سجدہ کیا جس نے اسے پیدا کیا اس کی صورت بنائی اور کان اور آنکھ بنائے

پھر آپ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے سر اٹھایا اور یہ دعا کی:

اَللّٰہُمَّ ارْزُقْنِیْ قَلْبًا تَقِیًّا نَقِیًّا مِّنَ الشِّرْکِ بَرِیًّا لَّا کَا فِرًا وَّ لَا شَقِیًّا
اے اللہ ! مجھے ایسا دل عطا فرما جو پر ہیزگار ہو شرک سے پاک ہو ، نیک ہو ۔۔۔۔۔۔ نہ کافر ہواور نہ ہی بدبخت ہو

پھر دوبارہ سجدہ کیا اور میں نے یہ پڑھتے ہوئے سُنا،

اَعُوْذُ بِرِضَائِکَ مِنْ سَخَطِکَ وَ بِعَفْوِکَ مِنْ عُقُوْبَتِکَ وَبِکَ مِنْکَ لَا اُحْصِیْ ثَنَآءَ عَلَیْکَ اَنْتَ کَمَا اَثْنَیْتَ عَلٰی نَفْسِکَ اَقُوْلُ کَمَا قَالَ اَخِیْ دَاؤ،دُ اَغْفِرُ وَجْھِیْ فِیْ التُّرَابِ لِسَیِّدِیْ وَحَقَّ لِوَجْہِ سَیِّدِیْ اَنْ یُّغْفَرَ
میں تیری ناراضگی سے تیری پناہ مانگتا ہوں تیری سزا سے تیری معافی کی پناہ تجھ سے تیری پناہ، میں تیری تعریف نہیں کرسکتا بس تو ایسا ہے جیسے کہ تو نے خود اپنی تعریف فرمائی میں وہی کہتاہوں جو میرے بھائی حضرت داؤود علیہ السلام نے کہا میں اپنے آقا کیلئے مٹی میں اپنے چہرے کو خاک آلود کرتا ہوں اور چہرے کا یہ حق ہے کہ اپنے آقا کیلئے خاک آلودہ ہو۔ (مکاشفۃ القلوب صفحہ٦٨٣۔٦٨٤)

شعبان میں روزوں کی فضیلت:

یوں تو عام طور پر ہر ماہ چند نفلی روزے جسمانی و روحانی اعتبار سے مفید ہوتے ہیں۔ اگر ہر ماہ کی تیرہ ، چودہ اور پندرہ تاریخوں (ایامِ بیض) کے تین دن مسلسل روزے رکھیں تو ایمانی درجات کی بلندی، روحانی بالیدگی اور ایمان پر استقامت کی ضمانت حاصل ہوتی ہے لیکن شرط یہ ہے کہ صحیح العقیدہ سنی شیخ طریقت کی راہنمائی حاصل ہو، جو اپنے مریدین کو کامل طور پر مسلک امام احمد رضا محدث و محقق بریلوی علیہ الرحمۃ و الرضوان کے دائرے میں رکھے اور صلح کلی کے فریب سے بچائے۔

نسائی شریف میں حضرت اسامہ رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ سے روایت ہے کہ میں نے عرض کیا، اے اللہ کے رسول صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ! میں آپ کو اس قدر روزے رکھتا نہیں دیکھتا جس قدر کہ شعبان میں آپ روزوں کا اہتمام کرتے ہیں، آپ نے فرمایا یہ وہ مہینہ ہے جس سے لوگ غافل ہیں یہ رجب اور رمضان کے درمیان وہ مہینہ ہے کہ جس میں لوگوں کے اعمال رب العالمین کے حضور پیش ہوتے ہیں، میں پسند کرتا ہوں کہ میرا عمل جب پیش ہو تو میں روزے کی حالت سے ہوں۔'' (مکاشفۃ القلوب صفحہ ٦٨١، جامع الصغیر، جلددوم، صفحہ٣٠١)

اُم المومنین سیدہ عائشہ صدیقہ رضی اللہ عنہا سے مروی ہے کہ میں نے محبوب خدا صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کو رمضان المبارک کے علاوہ کسی مہینے میں مکمل روزے رکھتے ہوئے نہیں دیکھا اور شعبان سے زیادہ کسی مہینے میں روزے رکھتے نہیں دیکھا۔'' (بخاری شریف جلد اول صفحہ٢٦٤، مسلم شریف جلد اول صفحہ٣٦٥)

ام المؤمنین سیدہ عائشہ الصدیقہ رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہا فرماتی ہیں کہ رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کو تمام مہینوں میں شعبان کے روزے زیادہ پسند تھے، پھر اسے رمضان سے ملادیا کرتے ۔ (جامع الترمذی جلد اول، صفحہ ٢٧٥، سنن ابو داؤد ، جلد اول صفحہ ٣٣٧، سنن ابن ماجہ صفحہ١١٩)

یہی روایت سیدہ ام سلمہ رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہا سے بھی ہے، جسے ابن ماجہ صفحہ ١١٩ ، اور ترمذی جلد اول صفحہ٢٧٥ پر ملاحظہ کریں۔

شبِ برأت کے فضائل و اعمال

(١) ام المؤمنین سیدہ عائشہ صدیقہ رضی اللہ عنہا روایت کرتی ہیں کہ میں ایک رات رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کو نہ پاکر آپ کی تلاش میں نکلی آپ جنت البقیع میں تھے، آپ کا سر آسمان کی جانب اٹھا ہوا تھا، آپ نے مجھے فرمایا ، اے عائشہ کیا تمہیں ڈر ہے کہ اللہ اور اس کا رسول تم پر ظلم کرے گا؟ میں نے عرض کیا، یا رسول اللہ مجھے گمان ہوا شاید آپ دوسری ازواج کے پاس تشریف لے گئے ہیں۔ آپ نے فرمایا '' اللہ تعالیٰ پندرہویں شعبان کی رات آسمانِ دنیا پر (اپنی شایانِ شان) نزول فرماتا ہے اور بنو کلب قبیلہ کی بکریوں کے بالوں سے زیادہ لوگوں کی مغفرت فرماتا ہے۔ (ترمذی جلد اول صفحہ٢٧٥، ابن ماجہ صفحہ ٩٩) امام ترمذی علیہ الرحمہ فرماتے ہیں اس باب میں سیدنا ابو بکر صدیق رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ سے بھی روایت ہے۔

(٢) مولائے کائنات حضرت علی کرم اللہ وجہہ روایت کرتے ہیں رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے فرمایا ، نصف شعبان کی رات میں قیام کرو اور دن میں روزہ رکھو ، کیونکہ اللہ تعالیٰ اسی رات غروب آفتاب تا طلوع فجر آسمانِ دنیا کی طرف متوجہ رہتا ہے اور فرماتا ہے ''کوئی ہے مجھ سے مغفرت طلب کرنے والا کہ میں اسے بخش دوں ، کوئی رزق طلب کرے تو اس کو رزق دوں ، کوئی مصیبت سے چھٹکارا چاہے تو اس کو عافیت دوں۔ (ابن ماجہ شریف صفحہ نمبر٩٩)

(٣) حضرت ابو موسیٰ اشعری رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ سے روایت ہے ،''نبی کریم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے فرمایا ! اللہ تعالیٰ شعبان کی پندرہویں شب ظہور فرماتا ہے اور مشرک و چغل خور کے علاوہ سب کی بخشش فرمادیتا ہے (سنن ابن ماجہ صفحہ ٩٩)

قبل مغرب مختصر عمل مگر اجر بے مثل:

ماہ شعبان کی چودہ (١٤) تاریخ کو قبل مغرب چالیس مرتبہ لَاحَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّۃَ اِلَّا بِااللّٰہِ الْعَلِیِّ الْعَظِیْمِ اور سو (١٠٠) مرتبہ درود شریف پڑھنے کے نتیجے میں چالیس برس کے گناہ معاف ہوتے ہیں۔ بہشت میں خدمت کے لئے چالیس حوریں مامور کردی جاتی ہیں ۔ (مفتاح الجنان)
 
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شعبان المعظم کے نوافل

آفات و بلیات و محتاجی سے نجات:

نماز مغرب کے بعد ٦ رکعات نوافل اس طرح پڑھیں کہ دو رکعت نماز نفل برائے درازی عمر بالخیرپڑھیں، پھر سورۃ یٰسین پڑھ کر مزید دورکعت نفل برائے ترقی و کشادگی رزق پڑھیں، پھر سوۃ یٰسین پڑھ کر مزید دو رکعت نفل برائے دفع بلیات و استغفار پڑھیں پھر سورۃ یٰسین پڑھ کر دعائے شعبان پڑھنے کے نتیجے میں انشاء اللہ ایک سال تک محتاجی اور آفات قریب نہیں آئیں گی۔

صلوۃ خیر سے چار ہزار نو سو (٤٩٠٠) حاجتیں پوری ہوتی ہیں:

حضرت خواجہ حسن بصری علیہ الرحمۃ الرضوان فرماتے ہیں کہ '' مجھے تیس صحابہ علیہم الرضوان نے بیان کیا ہے کہ اس رات جو شخص یہ نماز خیر پڑھتا ہے تو اللہ تعالیٰ اس کی طرف ستر مرتبہ نظر رحمت فرماتا ہے ایک نظر میں ستر حاجتیں پوری فرماتا ہے جن میں سب سے ادنیٰ حاجت گناہوں کی مغفرت ہے اس طرح کل چار ہزار نو سو حاجتیں پوری ہوتی ہیں۔ اس کا طریقہ یہ ہے کہ دو دورکعت کر کے صلوٰۃ خیر مستحب کی نیت باندھیں، ہر رکعت میں سورۃ فاتحہ کے بعد دس بار سورۃ اخلاص پڑھیں۔ پچاس نمازوں کی سو رکعتوں میں ایک ہزار مرتبہ سورۃ اخلاص پڑھیں گے۔

تمام صغیرہ و کبیرہ گناہوں کی معافی:

آٹھ رکعت نفل دو دو کرکے پڑھیے، ہر رکعت میں سورۃ فاتحہ کے بعد ٢٥ مرتبہ سورۃ اخلاص پڑھ کر خلوص دل سے توبہ کریں اور درج ذیل دعا کھڑے ہوکر بیٹھ کر اور سجدے میں ٤٤ مرتبہ پڑھیں ۔ گناہوں سے ایسے پاک ہوجائیں گے جیسے کہ آج ہی پیدا ہوئے ہوں۔

اَللّٰہُمَّ اِنَّکَ عَفُوٌّ کَرِیْمٌ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّیْ یَا غَفُوْرُ یَا غَفُوْرُ یَا غَفُوْرُ یَا کَرِیْمُ

رزق میں برکت اورکاروبار کی ترقی کیلئے:

دورکعت نماز ہر رکعت میں سورۃ فاتحہ کے بعد آیت الکرسی ایک مرتبہ ، سورۃ اخلاص پندرہ مرتبہ پڑھیں۔ سلام کے بعد سو مرتبہ درود شریف پڑھیں پھر تین سو تیرہ مرتبہ یَاوَہَّابُ یَا بَاسِطُ یَارَزَّاقُ یَا مَنَّانُ یَا لَطِیْفُ یَا غَنِیُّ یَا مُغْنِیُّ یَا عَزِیْزُ یَا قَادِرُ یَا مُقْتَدِرُ کا وظیفہ پڑھنے سے کاروبار میں برکت اور رزق میں وسعت ہوجاتی ہے۔

موت کی سختی آسان اور عذابِ قبر سے حفاظت:

چار رکعت پڑھیں ہر رکعت میں سورۃ فاتحہ کے بعد سورۃ تکاثر ایک مرتبہ اور اخلاص تین دفعہ پڑھ کر سلام کے بعد سورۃ ملک اکیس مرتبہ اور سورۃ توبہ کی آخری دو آیتیں اکیس دفعہ پڑھنے سے انشاء اللہ والرسول صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم موت کی سختیوں اور قبر کے عذاب سے محفوظ رہیں گے۔

صلوۃ التسبیح:

حضور اکرم نور مجسم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے حضرت عباس رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ سے فرمایا: اے چچا! کیا میں تم کو عطا نہ کروں، کیا میں تم کو بخشش نہ کروں، کیا میں تم کو نہ دوں، کیا میں تمہارے ساتھ احسان نہ کروں، دس فوائد ہیں کہ جب تم یہ کرو تو اللہ تعالیٰ تمہارے گناہ بخش دے گا۔ اگلا، پچھلا، پرانا ، نیا ، جو بھولے سے کیا جو قصدًا کیا، چھوٹا ہو ، بڑا ہو ، پوشیدہ ہو یا ظاہر ہو۔ اس کے بعد صلوۃ التسبیح کی ترکیب تعلیم فرمائی، پھر فرمایا کہ اگر تم سے ہو سکے تو ہر روز ایک بار پڑھا کرو یا پھر جمعہ کے دن ایک بار یا ہر ماہ میں ایک بار یا سال میں ایک بار یہ بھی نہ ہوسکے تو زندگی میں ایک بار ضرور پڑھو۔ طریقہ یہ ہے کہ نیت کے بعد تکبیر تحریمہ کہہ کر ثنا پڑھیں، پھر تسبیح سُبْحَانَ اللّٰہِ وَالْحَمْدُلِلّٰہِ وِلَا اِلٰہَ اِلَّااللّٰہُ وَاللّٰہُ اَکْبَرُ پندرہ بار پھر تعوذ ، تسمیہ ،سورۃ فاتحہ اور کوئی بھی سورۃ پڑھ کر رکوع میں جانے سے پہلے دس بار یہی تسبیح پڑھیں پھر رکوع میں دس بار، رکوع سے سر اٹھا کر قومہ میں تحمید کے بعد دس بار پھر سجدہ میں دس بار دونوں سجدوں کے درمیان جلسے میں دس بار، دوسرے سجدہ میں دس بار اس طرح چاروں رکعت میں پڑھیں ہر رکعت میں پچھتر(٧٥) بار چاروں رکعتوں میں تین سو (٣٠٠) بار تسبیح پڑھی جائے گی۔ یہ واضح رہے کہ دوسری ، تیسری اور چوتھی رکعتوں کے شروع میں فاتحہ سے پہلے پندرہ بار اور رکوع سے پہلے دس بار یعنی قیام میں پچیس (٢٥) بار اور رکوع و سجود میں سُبْحَانَ رَبِّیَ الْعَظِیْم اور سُبْحَانَ رَبِّیَ الْاَعْلیٰ تین مرتبہ پڑھ کر پھر تسبیح دس دس بار پڑھیں گے۔

روز محشر اللہ تعالیٰ کا دیدار اور اس کی نظر کرم:

اس نعمت کے وہ مستحق ہوں گے جو پندرہ شعبان کا روزہ رکھیں اور بعد نماز ظہر چار رکعت دو دو کر کے اس طرح پڑھیں کہ پہلی رکعت میں فاتحہ کے بعدسورۃزلزال ایک بار،سورۃ اخلاص دس بار، دوسری رکعت میں سورۃ تکاثر ایک بار، سورۃاخلاص دس بار، دوسری نماز کی پہلی رکعت میں سورۃ فاتحہ کے بعد سورۃ کافرون تین دفعہ ،سورۃ اخلاص دس بار اور آخری رکعت میں آیت الکرسی تین دفعہ، سورۃ اخلاص پچیس بار، جو یہ عمل کریں گے تو روز محشر اللہ تعالیٰ کے دیدار سے مشرف ہوں گے۔ نیز اللہ تعالیٰ بھی ان کی طرف نظر کرم فرمائے گا۔

نوٹ: یاد رکھیں نوافل سے پہلے فرض نمازوں کی قضا کی ذمہ داری پوری کرنی ہوگی۔

فاتحہ اور حلوہ کھانے اور کھلانے کے فائدے:

١٤ شعبان کو گھر میں خواتین (باوضو ہوں تو بہتر ہے) حلوہ پکائیں اور آقائے دوجہاں حضور اکرم حضرت محمد مصطفی صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ، خاتون جنت سیدہ فاطمۃ الزہرا سلام اللہ علیہا، سیدہ عائشہ صدیقہ رضی اللہ عنہا، حضرت سیدنا حمزہ اور حضرت اویس قرنی رضی اللہ عنہما کی خصوصیت کے ساتھ نیز دیگر صالحین ، اولیائے کاملین ، سلاسل تصوف و طریقت کے بزرگان دین، اپنے آباؤ اجداد، اعزاو اقربا (جو حالتِ ایمان پر رحلت کر گئے ہوں) اور عام مومنین کی حلوے پر فاتحہ دلائیں اور ہمسایوں میں تقسیم کریں، خصوصاً محتاج و مستحقین امداد کو حلوے کے علاوہ کچھ خیرات بھی دیں۔ مشائخ سے منقول ہے یہ ارواح اپنے عزیزوں کی جانب سے فاتحہ و نذور کے منتظر ہوتے ہیں۔ ایصالِ ثواب کے تحفے وصول کرکے خوش ہوتے ہیں اور بارگاہ الٰہی میں اپنے زندہ عزیزوں کے حسنِ خاتمہ و آخرت کے لئے سفارش بھی کرتے ہیں۔ بخاری شریف کی حدیث جلد دوم صفحہ ٨١٧ کے مطابق حلوہ کھانا رسول اکرم صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کی سنت متواتر اور سنتِ عادیہ دونوں پر عمل ہے۔ جبکہ حلوہ کھلانے سے متعلق اللہ کے پیارے حبیب ہمارے طبیب مصطفی کریم علیہ التحیۃ والتسلیم فرماتے ہیں'' جس نے اپنے مسلمان بھائی کو میٹھا لقمہ کھلایا اس کو سبحانہ و تعالیٰ حشر کی تکلیف سے محفوظ رکھے گا،۔ (شرح الصدور، للعلامہ امام سیوطی مجدد قرن نہم)

قبرستان حاضری کے آداب 

مرحومین اور عزیزوں کی مغفرت کیلئے: باوضو ہو کر اور تازہ گلاب (یا دوسرے پھول) لے کر قبرستان جائیں، قبروں کے آداب اور خصوصًاقبروں کے سرہانے لوح پر لکھی آیاتِ قرآنی کا احترام کریں، قبروں پر نہ چلیں، قبروں پر آگ نہ جلائیں یعنی روشنی کے لیے موم بتی یا چراغ جلانا منع ہے ، ہر قبرستان میں شہری انتظامیہ کی ذمہ داری ہے کہ بجلی کے کھمبوں کی تنصیب کرے اور ان ہی کھمبوں پر تیز روشنی کے بلب لگائے جائیں تاکہ پورا قبرستان روشن ہو کیونکہ قبرستان بہت گنجان ہوتا ہے قبروں کے درمیان قطعاً جگہ نہیں ہوتی کہ وہاں موم بتی یا چراغ جلا سکیں لیکن بعض نادان حضرات ایسا کرتے ہیں جو شرعاً منع ہے، خوشبو کے لئے اگر بتی جلا کر قبر سے ایک فٹ دور رکھیں۔ اپنی موت کو بھی یاد رکھیں، خواتین قبرستان میں نہ جائیں ۔ قبرستان میں داخلہ کے وقت یہ دعا پڑھیں۔

اَلسَّلامُ عَلَیْکُمْ یَا اَہْلَ الْقُبُورِ الْمُسْلِمِیْنَ اَنْتُمْ لَنَا سَلَفٌ وَّ اَنَا اِنْشَاءَ اللّٰہُ بِکُمْ لَاحِقُوْنَ نَسْاَلَ اللّٰہَ لَنَا وَلَکُمُ الْعَفْوَ وَ الْعَافِیَۃِ

پھر درج ذیل درود شریف ایک مرتبہ پڑھنے کے نتیجے میں اللہ تعالیٰ مُردوں پر سے ستر سال کے لئے اور چار دفعہ پڑھنے پر قیامت تک کا عذاب اٹھا لیتا ہے ۔ چوبیس مرتبہ پڑھنے والے کے والدین کی مغفرت ہوجاتی ہے اور اللہ تعالیٰ فرشتوں کو حکم دیتا ہے کہ اس کے والدین کی قیامت تک زیارت کرتے رہو۔

بِسْمِ اللّٰہِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِیْمِ

اَلّٰہُمَّ صَلِّ عَلٰی مُحَمَّدٍا مَّا دَامَتِ الصَّلٰوۃِ
وَصَلِّ عَلٰی مُحَمَّدٍا مَّا دَامَتِ الرَّحْمَۃِ
وَصَلِّ عَلٰی رُوْحِ مُحَمَّدٍا فِی الْارْوَاحِ
وَصَلِّ عَلٰی صُوْرَۃِ مُحَمَّدٍا فِی الصُّوْرِ
وَصَلِّ عَلٰی اِسْمِ مُحَمَّدٍا فِی الْاَسْمَائِ
وَصَلِّ عَلٰی نَفْسِ مُحَمَّدٍا فِی النُّفُوْسِ
وَصَلِّ عَلٰی قَلْبِ مُحَمَّدٍا فِی الْقُلُوْبِ
وَصَلِّ عَلٰی مُحَمَّدٍا فِی القُبُوْرِ
وَصَلِّ عَلٰی رَوْضَۃِ مُحَمَّدٍا فِی الرِّیَاضِ
وَصَلِّ عَلٰی جَسَدِ مُحَمَّدٍا فِی الْاَجْسَادِ
وَصَلِّ عَلٰی مُحَمَّدٍا فِی التُّرَابِ
وَصَلِّ عَلٰی خَیْرِ خَلْقِہ وَ ذُرِّیَّتِہ وَ اَہْلِ بَیْتِہ
وَاَحْبَابِہ اَجْمَعِیْنَ بِرَحْمَتِکَ یَا اَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِیْنَ
 
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شعبان المعظم میں وفات پانے والے مشہور اولیاء و بزرگانِ دین رحمہم اللہ
 
یکم شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت بندگی شاہ لطف اللہ جونپوری ٭ مولانا قاضی سلطان محمود اعونی ١٣٣٧ھ ٭ محدث اعظم پاکستان مولاناسردار احمد لائل پوری۔

٢ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت مولوی شاہ ابو الحسن نصیر آبادی ١٢٧٢ھ ٭ حضرت عبدالکریم ملا فقیر اخون رامپوری ١٢٠٦ھ ٭ حضرت سید ابو الحسنات محمد احمد قادری ١١٠٨ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ بازو پشاوری۔ ٭ حضرت علامہ محمد جان بحری آبادی ١٣٣٨ھ

٣ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت سفیان ثوری ١٦١ھ ٭ حضرت ابو الفرح طرطوسی ۔ ٭ مولانا حکیم عبدالماجد بدایونی ٢٣٥٠ھ(رہنما تحریک پاکستان)

٤ شعبان المعظم

٭ ام المؤمنین سیدہ حفصہ رضی اللہ عنہا ٤٥ھ ٭ امام اعظم سید نا نعمان بن ثابت ابو حنیفہ کوفی ١٥٠ھ ٭ حضرت بدرالدین صاحب ولایت سلیمانی ٦٦٩ھ ٭ حضرت ابو سعید ابو الخیر فضل اللہ خراسانی ٤٤٠ھ ٭ حضرت محمد افضل رازی نیشا پوری ٤٥٨ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ نور الحق تپاں پھلواری١٢٣٣ھ ٭ حضرت علامہ سید امیر اجمیری خوشاب سرگودھا ١٣٩٠ھ

٥ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت مولانا رضی الدین عبدالغفور لاری ہراتی ٩١٢ھ ٭ حضرت علی خواص جعفربن نصیر ٣٤٨ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ فحر الدین ابو الخیر چشتی (بن خواجہ خواجگان خواجہ غریب نواز ) ٦٦١ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ کمال خجندی ٨٠٣ھ ٭ حضرت مولانا محمد یحییٰ قادری نقشبندی ١٣١٥ھ ٭ حضرت سیدشاہ محمد غوث بدایونی ١٢٥٥ھ ٭ حضرت غلام محی الدین امیر عالم مارہروی ٭ حضرت غائب شاہ غازی کراچی منوڑہ ٭ پیر غلام مرتضیٰ سرہندی مجددی (ملیر کراچی، رہنما تحریک پاکستان) ١٤٠٢ھ 

٦ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شیخ زاہد بخاری ٨٩٣ھ علیہ الرحمۃ ٭ حضرت نور الدین کشمیری ٭ حضرت شیخ سید محمد کالپی شریف ٭ حضرت شاہ انوار الحق فرنگی محلی١٢٣٦ھ ٭ حضرت مولانا قادر بخش سہسرامی ١٣٣٧ھ ٭ حضرت مولانا نذیر احمد خجندی میرٹھی ١٣٥٥ھ

٧ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شیخ ابو الیسر ثعلبی ٢٩٧ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ ہاشم لکھنوی ١١٣٥ھ ۔ ٭ حضرت سید اسد علی شاہ لکھنوی ٭ حضرت شیخ ابو سعید مبارک مخزومی ٭ مخدوم ابو القاسم نور الحق ٹھٹھوی ١١٣٨ھ ٭ علامہ ابو الحسنات محمد احمد قادری (مجاہد تحریک ختم نبوت، مصنف تفسیر حسنات، شرح قصیدہ بردہ شریف) ١٣٨٠ھ

٨ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت خواجہ شمس الدین محمد حافظ شیرازی ٧٢٩ھ ٭ حضرت مولانا رحیم بخش آروی ١٣٤٤ھ ٭ حضرت مولانا امام الدین سیالکوٹی نقشبندی ١٣٧٣ھ/١٢اپریل١٩٥٤ئ؁ ٭ شیخ القرآن حضرت علامہ محمد عبدالغفور ہزاروی ١٣٩٠ھ ۔

٩ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شیخ ابو علی ترکمانی ٢٦٧ھ ٭ حضرت قاضی احمد علی ١٢٣١ھ ٭ حضرت ابو القاسم جعفر مقری نیشاپوری ٣٧٨ھ ٭ حضرت مکیل بن زیاد ١١١ھ ٭ حضرت ابو منصور محمد انصاری ٤٣٠ھ حضرت شیخ المعمر بابا یوسف کوہی ٩٤٥ھ۔ ٭ پیر محی الدین لال بادشاہ مکھڑ شریف اٹک (راہنما تحریک پاکستان) ١٣٨٣ھ

١٠ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت سید عبداللطیف قادری ١١٤٩ھ ٭ حضرت محمد حسن چشتی ہراتی ١٠٠٧ھ ٭ حضرت مولانا غلام دین لاہوری ١٣٩٠ھ۔ ٭ حضرت ابراہیم شاہ بخاری، کھارادر، کراچی۔ ٭ شیخ محمد معصوم سرہندی دہلوی ١٣١٤ھ

١١ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت ابو سعید اعرابی ٣٤١ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ ابو محمد جاربردے ١٤٧ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ ابراہیم بلخی ٦٨٤ھ ٭ حضرت ابو اعلیٰ کاتب مصری ٣٤٦ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ حفص مدنی ٣٢٧ھ ٭ حضرت نجیب الدین علی برغش شیرازی ٦٧٨ھ ۔ ٭ حضرت شاہ عبدالباری صابری امروہی ١٢٢٦ھ ٭ پیر سید سردار احمد شاہ ، رحیم یار خان ١٣٥١ھ/١٩٣١ئ؁ ٭ حضرت علامہ مفتی محمد سعید بن صبغت اللہ محمد غوث محدث مدراس ١٣١٤ھ

١٢ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت ابو یعقوب طبری١٩٧ھ ٭ حضرت سید ابو المعالی لاہوری ٦٢٠ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ حسین بازیاری بصری ٣٠٢ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ خاوند محمود ١٠٥٢ھ ٭ حضرت سید داؤود مکی ٣٢١ھ ٭ حضرت میر صالح کشفی اکبر آبادی ١٠٦٠ھ ٭ حضرت سید عبد الوہاب گمانی بغدادی ٥٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت ابو الحسن علی مکی ٢٤٧ھ ٭ حضرت محمد فضل اللہ بن نصر اللہ مکی ٤٩٥ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ کبیر الحسن کوفی ٨٤٧ھ ٭ حضرت سید محمد بن محمود ٦١٦ھ ٭ حضرت سید محمد قادری بغدادی ٧٢٠ھ 

١٣ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شاہ رکن الدین کریمی ٧٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ سیف الدین بخاری ٦٥٨ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ سیف الدین خلوتی ٧٨٣ھ ٭ حضرت شمس الائمہ عبدالعزیز حلوائی بخاری ٤٤٨ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ عبدالجلیل بغدادی ١١٥٢ھ ٭ حضرت سید فرید بخش بھکری ٨١٥ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ قطب الدین بہاری ٧٨٩ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ کمال کیتھلی١٠٠٣ھ ٭ حضرت سید محمد بن مہدی ٧٩٧ھ ۔ ٭ حضرت ابو مزاحم شیخ ابراہیم شیرازی ٣٤٨ھ ٭ سلطان الواعظین حضرت علامہ عبد الاحد محدث پیلی بھیتی ١٣٥٢ھ ٭ حضرت قائم الدین قلندر مجذوب(بکیر شریف ٹنڈو الہ یار ١٢١٥ھ ٭ مولانا نور احمد حنفی پسروری سیالکوٹی ١٣٤٨ھ

١٤ شعبان المعظم

٭ ام المؤمنین سیدہ ام حبیبہ رضی اللہ عنہا ٤٤ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ ابی العزائم ٦٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ ابو عبد اللہ مدنی ٢٠٩ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ احمد جعفر ٦٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ برہان مکی ٣١٧ھ ٭ حضرت سید طہٰ خراسانی بغدادی ٨٦٦ھ ٭ حضرت مخدوم حافظ عبدالغفور پشاوری ١١١٦ھ ٭ حضرت سید عبدالعزیز تباعی مدنی ٩٤١ھ ٭ حضرت عبدل حنیف رسول شاہی دہلوی ١٢٤٥ ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ فضالت دیلمی٢٧٠ھ ٭ حضرت محمد اکبر مسعود ١١٩٨ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ نور العلی اکبر آبادی ٭ حضرت ابو زکریا یحییٰ بن غوث الاعظم ٦٠٠ھ ٭ حضرت یوسف بن حسین رازی ٣٠٤ھ ۔ ٭ حضرت شیخ علی بن محمد فاضل سورتی ١٣١٥ھ ٭ 

١٥ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت بایزید طفیور بسطامی ٢٦١ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ تاج العلا اکبر آبادی ٭ حضرت شیخ عبدالطیف کشمیری ١١٣٤ھ ٭ حضرت عبید اللہ کرخی ٣٤٠ھ ٭ حضرت علاؤالدین علی واسطی٥٦١ھ ٭ حضرت علی بن حمید گردویہ مصری ٦١٢ھ ٭ حضرت فتح خراسانی بغدادی ٢٧٣ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ محمد یحییٰ بغدادی ٦١٧ھ ٭ ابو الفداء امام اسماعیل بن کثیر دمشقی ٧٧٤ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ نظام الدین بن شیخ عثمان ١٠١٨ھ ۔

١٦ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت ابو بکر الداقی ٣٥٩ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ ابو العباس ٧٠٣ھ ٭ حضرت رویم رومی ٢٨٥ھ ٭ حضرت سید احمد عظیم آبادی ٦٩٧ھ ٭ حضرت شرف الدین قتال بغدادی ٧١١ھ ٭ حضرت سید علاؤالدین مدنی ٦٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت سید علی ترمذی ٧٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت سید عمر گیلانی لاہوری ١١١٥ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ غلام غوث سندھی قادری ١٢٥٧ھ ٭ حضرت سید نور بخش گجراتی ٨٠٠ھ ٭ حضرت محمد ابراہیم ترمذی ٣٧٠ھ ٭ حضرت مومن سواتی ١١١٣ھ ۔ ٭ حضرت پیر سید جماعت علی شاہ لاثانی١٣٥٨ھ

١٧ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شیخ اسحق مغربی ٧٧٦ھ ٭ حضرت اسمٰعیل نیشاپوری ٣٦٦ھ ٭ حضرت سید عبدالفتاح گجراتی ٭ حضرت شیخ علی صوفی طبری ٩٠٨ھ ۔ ٭ حضرت مولانا سکندر علی خالصپوری ١٣١٤ھ ٭ پیر سید محمد فضل شاہ جلال پوری (امیر حزب اللہ) ١٣٨٦ھ

١٨ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت سید ابو صالح مدنی٦٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت سید عبد الوہاب ٧٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت ابو حفص عمرو حداد ٢٦٥ھ ٭ حضرت لعل شہباز قلندر٦٧٣ھ ٭ علامہ کرم الدین جہلمی ٭ حضرت سید احمد قادری ١٣٦٥ھ۔ ٭ حضرت سید حاجی نور علی جیلانی (نورائی شریف) ١٣٨٣ھ

١٩ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شیخ ابو بکر اشبیلی٢٩٢ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ ابو بکر موافری ٤٩٩ھ ٭ حضرت احمد خراز ٢٨٦ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ اوحدی اصفہانی ٧٣٧ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ شمس الدین ترک٧١٥ھ ٭ حضرت ابو عبداللہ محمد بن سعید مغربی ٢٧٩ھ ۔

٢٠ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت سلطان شمس الدین التمش (فرمانر وائے ہند)٦٣٣ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ قوام الدین لکھنوی ٨٤٠ھ ٭ حضرت علامہ عبد الکافی ناروی الہ آبادی ١٣٥٠ھ (معروف عیسائی ادیب جارج برناڈ شا کے بھتیجے نے ١٣٤٠ھ/١٩٢١ء میں آپ کے ہاتھ پر اسلام قبول کیا)

٢١ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شیخ ابو طاہر عبدالرزاق اندلسی٣٢٥ھ ٭ حضرت احمد بن عطا شامے ٣٦٩ھ ٭ حضرت لعل شہباز قلندر عثمان مروندی ٦٧٣ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ سلطان ترکمان دمشقی ٧١٤ھ ٭ حضرت خواجہ عبدالقادر قلندر ثالث ٨٠٧ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ جمال کوروی ٨١٢ھ ٭ حضرت ابو نصر محمود بلخی ٨٦٥ھ ۔ ٭ حضرت خواجہ آدم امکنگی ١٠٠٨ھ ٭ علامہ عبد الحکیم فرنگی محلی ١٢٨٥ھ ٭ مولانا رضا علی حنفی بنارسی ١٣١٢ھ ٭ حضرت مولانا مفتی علی محمد مھیری (مترجم سندھی قصیدہ بردہ شریف ، مجموعہ فتاوی دو جلد) ١٣٦٧ھ

٢٢ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت ابو علی مروزی ٤٣٤ھ ٭ حضرت ابو البیان ابن الحواری ٥٥١ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ ابو الفرح بغدادی ٥٧٣ھ ٭ حضرت عبدالقادر مکی ٥٨٢ھ ٭ حضرت سید کبیر الدین شاہ دولہ گجراتی ٦٠٣ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ علاؤالدین ابدال مثالی ٨٤٥ھ ٭ حضرت محمد بھکر٩٨٩ھ ۔ ٭ حضرت سرمد دہلوی ١٠٧٠ھ ٭ حضرت فتح قلندر جونپوری ١١١٨ھ ٭ حضرت عبدالوالی لکھنوی ١٢٧٩ھ ٭ حضرت علامہ محمد شاہ بن حسن شاہ محدث رامپوری ١٣٣٨ھ

٢٣ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شیخ رضا رفیقی کشمیری ١٢٧٦ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ محمد عرف سید مرتضیٰ حسینی بلگرامی ثم مصری ١٢٠٥ھ ۔ ٭ حضرت علامہ شیخ محمد بن ہاشم فاضل سورتی ١٣١٥ھ

٢٤ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت سید عتیق اللہ چشتی ١١٣١ھ ٭ سید محمد اصغر علوی قادری رضوی١٣٩٧ھ(شیخوپورہ) ٭ پیر محمد شاہ بھیروی (والد پیر محمد کرم شاہ الازہری) ١٣٧٦ھ

٢٥ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شیخ عبداللہ بن وہب (جامع موطا امام مالک)١٩٧ھ ٭ حضرت سید ابراہیم المسبوع الرسوقیہ ٣٧٦ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ صدر الدین قونیوی ٦٢٧ھ ٭ حضرت مولانا صفی الدین سرہندی ١٢٢٨ ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ عبدالمجید ہروی ٤٥٣ھ ٭ حضرت قطب الدین قلندری ٨٨٠ھ ٭ حضرت حاجی شاہ محمد سعید اجمیری ١٢٢٥ھ ۔ ، ٭ حضرت خواجہ محمد حسین چشتی صابری رامپوری ١٣١٢ھ ٭ حضرت مولانا تاج الدین ١٣٢٧ھ/فروری ١٩٢٩ئ ٭ حضرت مولانا تاج الدین ١٣٢٧ھ/٦ فروری ١٩٢٩ئ ٭ حضرت خواجہ غلام علی جان مجددی (شہید مکھڑ ضلع حیدرآباد )١٣٩٧ھ

٢٦ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شیخ ابو الفیض ثوبان بن ابراہیم ذوالنون مصری (رئیس الصوفیائ) ٢٤٦ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ جمال دہلوی ١١٥١ھ ٭ حضرت میر سید محمد کالپوری ابوالعلائی ١٠٧١ھ ۔

٢٧ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شیخ ابو سلیمان دارانی ٢١٥ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ بہلول جالندھری صابری ١١٧٠ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ بہرام چشتی ٨٥٤ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ سیف الدین دہلوی ٩٩٠ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ عبدالعزیز مدنی ١٠٧ھ ٭ حضرت عبدالواسع مکی ٥٩٤ھ ٭ حضرت عبدالخالق گجراتی ١٠٧٨ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ علی بن خلیل مرصعی ٢٩٨ھ ٭ حضرت ابو الحسن علی ہمدانی بصری ٤١٤ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ موسیٰ دیفری ٤٥٩ھ ٭ حضرت شیخ ابو حفص وجیہ الدین سہروردی ٥٦٦ھ ۔

٢٨ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شاہ شیخ بلاول لاہوری ١٠٤٦ھ ٭ حضرت شاہ کبیرجونپوری سہروردی ٩٦٢ھ ۔ ٭ علامہ محمد عالم امرتسری ثم مدنی ١٣٦٢ھ ٭ حضرت علامہ سید اختصاص حسین پھپھوندوی ١٣٦٤ھ ٭ شیخ محمود بن محمد سورتی ١٣١٥ھ ٭ پیر سید سعید شاہ بنوری کوہاٹی (راہنما تحریک پاکستان) ١٣٩٠ھ

٢٩ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت اسمٰعیل علی نبینا علیہ الصلوٰۃ والسلام ٭ حضرت شاہ نعمت اللہ قادری پھلواری شریف 

٣٠ شعبان المعظم

٭ حضرت شیخ فضل نیاز ٤٨١ھ ٭ حضرت مولانا عبدالحکیم سیالکوٹی ١٠٦٨ھ 

رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہم و رحمۃ اللہ تعالیٰ علیہم اجمعین

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