Friday, 31 August 2012

Sixth Noor of Qadiriyah Spiritual Chain Sayyiduna Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu

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HIS POSITION IN THE SILSILA: Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu is the Sixth Imam and Shaykh of the Silsila Aaliyah Qadiriyah Barakatiyah Ridawiyyah Nooriyah. Much has been said in his praise by many great scholars.

BIRTH: He was born on a Monday, the 7th of Rabi ul Awwal in either 80 or 83 Hijri in Madinah Munawwarah. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol.1, Page 217]

HIS NAME: His name was Jaafar bin Muhammad, and he was also known as Abu Abdullah and Abu Ismaeel. His titles were Saadiq, Faadil and Taahir.

HIS MOTHER: His mother’s name was Umm-e-Fardah who was the daughter of Hadrat Qasim Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu, the grandson of Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu and Hadrat Qasim’s Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu mother, A’asma Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu is the daughter of Hadrat Abdur Rahmaan, the son of Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu.

HIS FEATURES: He was very handsome and had a radiant appearance. He had the perfect height, and was tan in complexion. He encompassed the exemplary qualities his forefathers. Haafiz Abu Nuaim Isfahani narrates in Khalifatul Abraar on the authority of Umar bin Midqaam, “When I used to look at Hadrat Imam Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu then I used to immediately feel that he was from amongst the descendants of the Prophets”

EXCELLENCE: He was without doubt the true successor to the Muslim empire and one of the greatest Imams of his era. Imam Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu was a great Aabid and Sufi. Many secrets of Tasawwuf were explained by him. It is in Tabqaatul Abraar, that he received the authority of Hadith from his blessed father, from Imam Zuhri and Naaf'i and ibn Munkadir etc. and Sufyaan Sawri, Ibn Ainiyyah, Shu’ba, Yahya Al Qataan, Imam Maalik and his son Imam Moosa Kaazim (ridwaanullahi ta aala alaihim ajmaeen) attained this authority of Hadith from him. Allama Ibn Hajar Makki Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu writes in Sawaa’iq Muhariqa . “The exalted Imams such as Yahya Bin Saeed, Ibn Jareeh, Imam Maalik ibn Anas, Imam Sufyaan Sawri, Sufyan bin Ainiyyah, Imam Abu Hanifa and Abu Ayoob Sajistani (ridwaanullahi ta aala alaihim ajmaeen) took Hadith from him.” [Masaalik as-Saalikeen]

HIS CHARACTER: He was a very exalted and pious personality. His inner and outer appearance exuded brightness and radiance. He addressed the poor and the downtrodden with great love. Once he called all his servants and said, “Let us give our hands in the hands of one another and promise that whichever one of us first receives salvation on the day of Qiyaamah, he will intercede for the rest of us.” On hearing this, they said, “O Ibn Rasool SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam! For what reason do you need our intercession, when your beloved forefather Rasoolullah SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam will intercede for the entire creation?” He then said, “I am ashamed to take my deeds and stand before my forefather, the Holy Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam.”

Once Hadrat Dawood Taa’ee Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu came to Hadrat Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu and said, “Beloved descendant of the Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam please give some advice, as my heart has become dark.” Hadrat Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu said, “O Abu Sulaiman! You are great Zaahid of your era. What need do you have for my advice?” Hadrat Dawood Taa’ee Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu said, “O descendant of the Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam, You have been blessed with excellence amongst people and to advise everyone is compulsory upon you.” He then said, “O Abu Sulaiman! I fear that on the day of Qiyaamah, my forefather Muhammadur Rasoolullah SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam will hold me by my collar and ask, ‘Why were you slow in fulfilling your right to submission?’ What will I say then? Thus, this deed (of advice) does not depend on ones stature or family lineage, but it deals with good deeds which are done in the Court of Allah.” Hadrat Dawood Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu heard this and began to weep. He then said, “O Allah! When such a great personality, who is the descendant of a Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam, and whose reality is filled with light and wisdom, and whose great grandmother is Bibi Faatima, is so afraid of his future and condition, then what right does Dawood Taa’ee have do be proud of his deeds?” [Masaalik as-Saalikeen]


HIS IBAADAT: He was well known for his ibaadat, and his striving in the Court of Allah. Hadrat Imam Malik Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu says, “I spent a very long time serving him, and I always found him in one of three Ibaadats. Either he was in namaaz, or engrossed in recitation of the Quran, or he would be fasting.” He never narrated any Hadith Shareef without wudhu. [Tazkirat al-Awliyah]

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HIS DUA: He was without doubt a faithful servant of Allah, and he always attained everything that he asked for from the Court of Allah. Abul Qasim Tabri narrates from Wahab, that he heard Laith bin Sa’ad Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu saying, “I was on my way to Hajj by foot in 113 Hijri and I reached Makkah Muazammah. I reached Jabl Abu Qais close to the time of Asr Salaah. There, I saw a pious man sitting (in seclusion), making dua. He was saying ‘Ya Rabbi Ya Rabbi’ so many times, that breathing became difficult. Then in the same way, he said ‘Ya Hayy Ya Hayy’ then ‘Ya Rab’bahu Ya Rab’bahu, then in the same say, he said ‘Ya Allah Ya Allah’ in one breath continuously. He then said ‘Ya Rahmaanu Ya Rahmaanu, Ya Raheemu Ya Raheemu’ and then he went on to say ‘Ya Arhamar Raahimeen’. He then said, “O Allah I desire to eat grapes. Please bless me with some, and my clothes have become old and tattered Please give me new ones.”

Hadrat Laith says, “By Allah, he was still competing his dua, when I saw a basket of grapes kept before him, whereas it was not event the grape season and I did not see an grapes near him before his dua. I also saw that there were two pieces of cloth kept near the grapes. I have never seen such beautiful material before. He then sat down to eat the grapes. I went up to him and said, Huzoor! May I also have a part in this?, and he asked how this was so, so I said, I was saying Aameen as you made the dua. He said, ‘Well then, step forward and join me.’ I also began to partake in the grapes. They were so tasty, that never have I eaten such delicious grapes. I ate until I was satisfied, but the basket still remained as it was before, full of grapes. He then offered on piece of cloth to me, and I said that I had no need for it, so he tied one around his waist, and he draped the other over his shoulder. He then descended from the mountain and I followed him. As he drew close to Saffa and Marwa, a beggar called out to him and said, ‘O Descendant of the Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam! Give these clothes to me and Allah will dress you in the clothes of Jannat.” He immediately gave the two pieces of cloth to the beggar. (On seeing this), I enquired about the identity of this pious man from the beggar, who informed me that he was Hadrat Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu. I then looked for him so that I may listen to some words of wisdom from him and attain his blessings, but he had disappeared from my sight.” [Tazkirat al-Awliyah, Page 12]

Once, some people saw that Hadrat Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu was wearing a very expensive robe. One of them walked up to him and said, “Huzoor! It is not good for the Ahle Bait to wear such expensive clothing.” He caught hold of the man’s hand and thrust it into his sleeves. The man was amazed when he found that a Hadrat was wearing clothes make from sacks under his robe. Hadrat Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu then said, “The one inside is for my Creator and the one on top is for the creation.”

A man once lost his purse which contained one thousand dinaars. Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu was walking close to him, so he held the hand of the Imam and accused him of stealing his money. Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu asked how much he had in his money bag, and the man said that he had one thousand dinaars. Hadrat took him home and gave him one thousand dinaars from his wealth. The next day, the man found his money bag, and came rushing to Hadrat Imam Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu to return the money he had taken from him. Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu said, “We do not take back what we have already given.” The man then asked some people who this person was, and he was told that it was Hadrat Imam Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu. When he heard this, he became very sad and regretted his behavior. [Tazkirat al-Awliyah]

DEBATE WITH AN ATHEIST: Hadrat Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu spent a lot of his time spreading the word of Allah and His Rasool SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam. He always spoke against those who did not believe in Allah. An atheist from Egypt came to Hadrat Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu whilst he was in Makkah. Hadrat Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu asked his name and he said that his name was Abdul Malik and he was also known as Abdullah. On hearing this Hadrat said, “Malik, whose servant you are, is he from the Kingdom of the Skies or the Kingdom of the earth, the Lord that is the Lord of your son, is he the Lord of the skies or the Lord of the Earths?” The atheist could not answer this question. Hadrat then said, “Did you ever journey under the earth? Do you know what is beyond it?” He replied in the negative and said, “I think there is nothing beyond it.” Hadrat then said to him, “Thinking is not sufficient! However, have you ever flown into the skies and journeyed beyond the skies?” Again he replied in the negative. Hadrat said, “Did you ever travel the entire East and West and did you realise anything about the future from this?” Again he answered in the negative. Hadrat said, “I am amazed, that you are not aware of the earth and what is beneath it, and the sky and what is beyond it, and in this state of ignorance, you still have the arrogance to reject the existence of Allah. O Ignorant man! There is no argument for one who is naive about that which is a reality. The sun, the moon, the night and day, are all in a specific pattern. Verily they are within some divine control. If they were free, then they would move as they willed and would sometimes go to an appointed spot and not return. Why is it that the night does not take the place of day and the day does not take the place of night? Do you not ponder upon the reality of the skies and the earth? Why does the sky not come to the earth and why is it that the earth is not flattened by the sky? There is definitely ONE, who has all this in His Divine Control. It is He (Allah) who is All Powerful. It is He, who is our and their Lord.” When the atheist heard this, he immediately accepted Islam and had faith in the existence of Allah.


HADRAT BAYAZEED BUSTAAMI: Hadrat Ba Yazeed Bustaami Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu used to distribute water in the Darbaar of Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu. Hadrat placed his saintly sight on Hadrat Bayazeed Bustaami Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu once, and he became one of the greatest mystics of his time. He then served in the Court of Hadrat Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu and became one of the greatest Awliyah.

IMAM-E-AZAM ABU HANIFA: Hadrat Imam Azam Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu attained great blessings from Hadrat Imam Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu. It is narrated that once he asked Imam Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu concerning who is an intelligent person. Hadrat Imam Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu said, “He who can differentiate between good and evil is an intelligent man.” Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu said, “Even animals have the ability to differentiate. It can differentiate between those who love them, beat them or instill fear in them?” Imam Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu then said, “O Hadrat! Would you please explain who is truly intelligent?” Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu said, “An intelligent person, is one who can differentiate between two good things and two evils, so that he may choose the better of two good things and that he may be able to repel the worse of two evils.”

SHAYKH-E-TARIQAT: He was the mureed and Khalifa of Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Baaqir Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu and attained great blessings from his beloved father.

BOOKS AND TREATIES: Hadrat has also written books on numerous topics, as mentioned by scholars like Imam Kamaaludeen etc.

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KARAAMATS: Hadrat Imam Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu is an example for Muslims in every way. His greatest Karaamat was his firmness on the Shariat. His every step was in accordance with the Sunnat of the Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam. A few of his Karaamats are being quoted below.

A MANSION IN JANNAH: Once, a man came to Hadrat Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu before journeying for Hajj. He gave Hadrat 10,000 dirhams, and asked him to purchase a mansion for him before he returned. Instead of purchasing a mansion, Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu distributed the entire 10,000 dirhams in the way of Allah. After the man returned from Hajj, he went to meet Hadrat Imam Jaafar Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu. Hadrat Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu told him that he had purchased his mansion and then handed the title deed over to him. The title deed read as follows : “One wall of the house is adjoined to the house of the Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam, the other wall is adjoined to the house of Hadrat Ali Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu, the third wall is adjoined to the house of Imam Hassan Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu and the fourth wall is adjoined to the house of Imam Hussain Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu.” The man took this title deed, and asked his family members to place it in his grave when he passed away. After his demise, his family members found the title deed on the top of his grave and on the rear of the title deed the following words were written,

“Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu was honest and loyal in what he said.” [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol.1, Page 220]

AMAZING INCIDENT: Once, he was on his way to Hajj, when he stopped to rest under a date tree which was completely dried out. At the time of Chasht, he asked the tree to present him with some dates. Immediately, the tree became green and lush and full of dates. Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu then ate from it. A villager was passing by and saw this. He saw this great karaamat and said that it was magic. Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu said,

“This is not magic. Almighty Allah has blessed me with such a quality, that he accepts all my duas. If I make dua, even you can be transformed into a dog.” Hadrat had not yet completed what he was saying, when the villager began to resemble a dog. He quickly repented and asked Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu to forgive him. Hadrat made dua for him, and he was transformed to his normal self. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol.1, Page 223]

KHALIFA MANSOOR: Khalifa Mansoor once sent one of his ministers to summon Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu to his Court. He informed his servants that when Imam Jaafar arrived, they should wait for him (Mansoor) to remove his crown. The moment he did this, they should martyr Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu. When the minister heard this, he was not pleased and thus tried to explain to Mansoor, how wrong it was to kill a pious person, who is also a Sayyid. The Khalifa did not take heed and had Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu summoned. When Hadrat Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu arrived, the servants waited for their cue, so that they may martyr Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu. Instead, Mansoor woke up from his throne and rushed towards the Imam. He brought him towards his throne and allowed him to sit on it with great respect, whilst he sat on the ground in front of the great Imam. The servants and ministers were surprised to see this sudden change in plan. Mansoor then asked the Imam if he had any requests. Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu said,"In future you should not summon me to your court, as I wish to remain engrossed in Ibaadat."

When he heard these words, his body began to tremble and he allowed the Imam to leave with respect. When the Imam left, the minister asked about the sudden change in plan and Mansoor said, "When Imam Jaafar Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu entered my court, I saw a huge python with him. The python had its one lip over my throne and one under my throne, and it spoke to me and said that if I tried to ever harm the Imam, then he would consume me with my throne, and that is why I behaved in the manner which I did."

HIS CHILDREN: He was blessed with six sons and one daughter. Their names are :

1. Hadrat Ismaeel
2. Hadrat Muhammad
3. Hadrat Ali
4. Hadrat Abdullah
5. Hadrat Ishaaq
6. Hadrat Moosa Kaazim
7. Bibi Umm-e-Fardah (Ridwaanullahi Ta'ala Alaihim Ajma'een)

HIS KHULAFA: If one studies the books of history, then one will learn about his Khulafa, and how exalted each one of them was and how they had attained his blessings. Some of them are:

1. Hadrat Imam Moosa Kaazim  Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu
2. Hadrat Imam Azam Abu Hanifa Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu
3. Hadrat Sultaan Bayazeed Bustaami Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu

WISAAL: He passed away during the rule of the second Abbasi Khalifa Abu Jaafar Mansoor bin Abul Abbas As Safah on a Friday, the 15th of Rajab or 24 Shawwal 148 Hijri at the age of 68 in Madinatul Munawwarah. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol.1, Page 217]

MAZAAR SHAREEF: His Mazaar Shareef is in Jannat al-Baqi in Madinatul Munawwarah.

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The blessed Genealogy of Sayyiduna AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan al-Baraylawi Alaihir raHmah

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The following ancestral tree of AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan Alaihir raHmah is carefully constructed from the authentic Books of Genealogy and meticulously scrutinized with references to other books in this field. The ancestors were compared with dates and periods found in books written by Historians who were masters in this field. The following points were noted before compiling the Ancestral tree:

  • Preference was given to books compiled by Historians of Afghan descent/origin as they knew their descendants better than others.
  • Furthermore, amongst the Afghani Historians, preference was given to Historians that belonged to the Bar'hech tribe as AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan Alaihir raHmah belong to the Bar'hech tribe.
  • There is not much dispute in the Chain of the Ancestral tree from Sayyiduna Nabi Adam to Sayyiduna Nabi Ishaq.
  • The chain of the Family tree from Sayyiduna Nabi Ishaq to Hadrat Malikaloot was extracted according to the citation found in the books of authors who belonged to the Bar'hech tribe. This was so because people of a tribe will have more genuine information of their ancestors in relation to others of different tribes.
  • There is a consensus in Books of Ancestral trees from Hadrat Malikaloot to Sayyiduna Qais Malik 'Abdur-Rashid and so is the case from Sayyiduna 'Abdur-Rashid to Bar'hech.
  • From Bar'hech till Hadrat Shuja'at Jang Muhammad Sa'eedullah Khan the genealogy was extracted from Khulasat al-Ansab, Akhbar al-Sanadid and Bustan-e-Hikmat, whose authors are not only Afghanis, but belonged to the Bar'hech tribe.

This is how cautiously this Family tree from Sayyiduna Nabi Adam Alaihis Salam till AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida Khan was constructed. The Ancestral tree is as follows:

AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida s/o Ra’is al-Atqiya Imam Muhammad Naqi 'Ali s/o 'Arife-Billah Imam Rida 'Ali s/o Mawlana Hafiz Kazim 'Ali s/o Mawlana Shah Muhammad A'zam Khan s/o Mawlana Muhammad Sa'adat Yaar Khan s/o Shuja'at Jung Muhammad Sa'idullah Khan Bhadur Qandhari s/o 'Abdur-Rahman Khan s/o Yusuf Khan Qandhari s/o Dawlat Khan s/o Badal Khan s/o Da'ūd Khan s/o Bar’hech Khan s/o Sharfud-Deen 'Urf Shar’habūn s/o Ibra’him 'Urf Sard’bun s/o Sayyiduna Qais Malik 'Abdur-Rashid Sahabi Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu s/o 'Ays s/o Salool s/o 'Utba s/o Na'eem s/o Marra s/o Malik Jalandar s/o Malik Askandar s/o Zaman s/o 'Unais s/o Bah’lool s/o Sa’lam s/o Salah s/o Qaroon s/o Nasr s/o Ashmu’ail s/o Na'eem s/o Akram s/o Ash’ath s/o Sharood s/o Makhal s/o Nusrat s/o Qalaj s/o Sher s/o 'Atham s/o Faylool s/o Karam s/o 'Amaal s/o Hudayfa s/o Mat’hal s/o Qabal s/o 'Ilm or 'Aleem s/o Ash’mool s/o Harūn s/o Qamar s/o Abi s/o Suheb s/o Talal s/o Lu’ee s/o 'Ameel s/o Taraj s/o Arzand s/o Mandool s/o Saleem or Sa’lam s/o Afghana s/o Sarad al-Muqallab bi Malik Taloot s/o Qais s/o 'Utbah s/o Talas s/o Ru’ail s/o Yahūdah s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Ya'qūb Alaihis Salam s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Ishaq Alaihis Salam s/o Khaleelullah Sayyiduna Nabi Ibra’him Alaihis Salam s/o Ta’rikh s/o Makhūd or Nahūr s/o Shurū' or Ash’ragh s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Hūd Alaihis Salam s/o 'Abir s/o Sha’lakh s/o Araf’khashad s/o Saam s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Nūh Alaihis Salam [age: 1400 years] s/o La’lak [age:780 years] s/o Malik Matla’shakh [age: 900 years] s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Idris Alaihis Salam s/o Bayarad s/o Mahla’heel s/o Qay’nan s/o Anūsh s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Sheeth Alaihis Salam [age: 912 years] s/o Sayyiduna Nabi Adam Alaihis Salam [age: 900 years]

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AlaHadrat Alaihir raHmah belong to the Afghani Bar'hech tribe which was of Royal Descent. He was indeed a very respectable and noble tribe in Afghanistan. Great 'Ulama and Masha'ikh hailed from his dignified tribe whose Mazars are still a centre of solace and spiritual enlightenment for the people both in Afghanistan and Hindustan. A separate detailed book can be written about these great dignitaries. However, an important point to note is that in the ancestry of AlaHadarat, there are Eight (8) Noble Prophets and One Exalted Sahabi. The Prophets Alaihim as-Salam are:

1) Sayyiduna Nabi Ya'qoob
2) Sayyiduna Nabi Ishaq
3) Khalilullah Sayyiduna Nabi Ibra'him
4) Sayyiduna Nabi Hood
5) Sayyiduna Nabi Nooh
6) Sayyiduna Nabi Idris
7) Sayyiduna Nabi Sheeth
8) Sayyiduna Nabi Adam (Alaihim as-Salam)

The one Sahabi is Sayyiduna Qais Malik 'Abdur-Rashid Sahabi Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu. He is the 43rd descendant of Afghana and 45th descendant of Hadrat Malikaloot. Qais bin 'Ays lived in the mountain of Ghour. In one of the Expeditions of Sayyiduna Khalid ibn Walid, he became interested in Islam. So he took some of the leaders of Afghanistan and went to Madinah al-Munawwara. They met the beloved Prophet of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam and immediately accepted Islam on his sacred hands. Sayyiduna Rasoolullah then said to him:

"Qais is a Hebrew word and I am an Arab".

The Prophet of Allah gave him the Islamic name 'Abdur-Rashid. The blessed Habib SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam further said:

"You are the Awlad of Malik Taloot whom Allah blessed with the title of Malik (King). in the future you too will be remembered with the title of Malik".

This is how he got the title of Malik from the office of Prophethood.

It was in the Madinan period that the Beloved Nabi was planning for the conquest of Makkah Mukarrama and appointed Malik 'Abdur-Rashid and the other Afghani Sahabi as the lead of the secret service scouts of the army led by Sayyiduna Khalid ibn Walid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu. The Afghani Mujahids displayed their astonishing bravery in the battle of Makkah. Sayyiduna Malik 'Abdur-Rashid himself killed 70 Kuffar in this battle (Refer to Akhbar al-Sanadid for details). His role and bravery in this war brought great joy to the heart of the Beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam who predicted that a great family will emerge from the off-springs of this Sahabi. They will be steadfast on religion and will strengthen the Din of Islam like Bataan (conqueror with great bravery or Military Advisor). It was the effects of this Du'a of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam that great 'Ulama and Masha'ikh were born in the lineage of Sayyiduna Malik 'Abdur-Rashid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu.

To name a few, some other stars in the firmament of excellence are: The great Mujaddid, AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida al-Qadiri, His sons, Hujjat al-Islam Imam Hamid Rida al-Qadiri, Ghawth al-Zaman Mufti A'zam Imam Mustafa Rida al-Qadiri Noori and Taaj al-Shari'ah Mufti Muhammad Akhtar Rida al-Qadiri. Their services to the Deen is known to the Muslim World and precisely the manifestations of the Du'as of the Beloved Prophet of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam.

Since the Beloved Nabi's Du'a for the Awlad of Sayyiduna Malik 'Abdur-Rashid was that they will strengthen the Deen and their strength will be like Bataan, from that day on he became famous by the title of "Bataan". This word Bataan in later days changed to the present day name "Pathaan". Eventually, the Awlad of Sayyiduna Malik 'Abdur-Rashidhen became synonymous by the word Pathaan. This is how the word Pathaan can into existence. Sayyiduna Malik 'Abdur-Rashid Radi Allahi Ta'ala Anhu married Mutahira, the daughter of Sayyiduna Khalid ibn Walid Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu, and he passed away at the age of 87 years.

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10th Shawwal al-Mukarram | Birthday of AlaHadrat Imam Ahmad Rida al-Qadiri Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu

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The Mujaddid of the 14th Century is Mawlana alHaaj al-Hafidh al-Qarī Muhammad Ahmad Rida Khan al-Qadri al-Barkati al-Baraylwi Radi Allahu Ta'ala 'Anhu. He was born in the town of Bareilly [northern Indian state of U.P.) at the time of Duhr prayer on 10th Shawwal, 1272 AH and demised on 25th Safar, 1340 AH. He was named Muhammad and a historic name of al-Mukhtar (1272 AH) was given to him. Due to his fervent love for the Messenger şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam; Imām Ahmad Rida would write Abdul Mustafa before his name. He was a master of Abjad and he deduced his year of birth from the verse of the Holy Qur’ān: These are they in whose hearts Allah has inscribed faith and helped them with a spirit from Himself. [58:22]

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Education and Upbringing

His initial education was taught by (1) Mirza Qadir Baig al-Baraylwī (d. 1297 AH) and he completed his education with his father, (2) Mawlana Naqī Alī Khan al-Baraylwī. He also took knowledge of Islam and Ijazahs in Hadīth from the following scholars:

1. Mawlana Abdul Ali Khan Rampurī (d. 1303 AH) – student of ‘Allama Fazle Haq Khairabadī
2. Shah Abu’l Husain Ahmad al-Nūrī Marehrawī (d. 1324 AH) – student of Mawlana Nūr Ahmad Badayunī
3. Shah Aale Rasūl Marehrawī (d. 1297 AH) – student of Shah Abdul Azīz Muhaddith Dihlawī (d. 1239 AH)


Imam Ahmad Rida went to Shah Aale Rasūl Marehrawī Radi Allahu Ta'ala 'anhu along with his father and ‘Allama Abdul Qadir Badayunī (d. 1319 AH) who was the son of ‘Allama Fazle Rasūl Badayunī (d. 1289 AH). During their very first meeting, Imām Ahmad Rida was granted Bay’ah, Ijazah and Khilafah. Upon seeing this extraordinary event, some of the disciples of Shah Aale Rasūl exclaimed that they had been busy in worship and spiritual training for such a long time yet had not received the same benevolence. Shah Aale Rasūl answered this query by saying: “Others have to be trained whilst these people came already trained”. He then said:

“I was worried for a long time over a problem, but, by the grace of Allah, today that issue has been resolved. When Allah asks me on the day of Judgement, “Oh Aale Rasūl! What have you bought with you?” I will then present my Ahmad Rida”.

4. Imām al-Shafi’iyah Shaykh Husain Salih (d. 1302 AH)
5. Mufti Hanafiya Shaykh Abdur Rahman Siraj (d. 1301 AH)
6. Mufti Shafi’iyah Shaykh Ahmad bin Zayn Dahlan (d. 1299 AH) – Qadi al-Quddat, Makkah


His Knowledge

Imām Ahmad Rida specialised in over fifty branches of knowledge including: Tafsīr, Hadīth, Fiqh, Usūl al-Fiqh, ‘Aqaid and Kalam, Tasawwuf, Nahw, Sarf, History, Logic, Philosophy, Astronomy, Astrology and Mathematics.

Imām Ahmad Rida lived for 28 years, 2 months and 5 days in the 13th century, in which he gained recognition due to his efforts in writing and research, teaching and sermons; and he lived for 39 years, 1 month and 25 days of the 14th century, which he spent in holding up the flag of Islam, refuting the innovators, promoting the truth and fighting against falsehood. He supported the Sunnah and challenged the Bid’ah. Whenever and howsoever he possibly could, he used his knowledge to promote the Sharī’āh and refute all types of falsehood – and in doing so – he did not let anything stop him including any important personalities. He never craved fame and praise nor did he care what people said against him as long as he spoke the truth.

He was given such a brilliant mind that he completed his religious education at the age of 13 years and 10 months. He is amongst the greatest Hadith scholars of his age and in Fiqh, the whole of the 14th century did not produce a jurist to his like. Hence, ‘Allama Iqbal pays tribute to his juristic brilliance thus:

Hindustan did not produce such a genius Faqīh as him. I have read his fatawa and they are proof of his extraordinary intellect. When Mawlana forms an opinion; he sticks to it. This is because he only decrees a ruling after careful thought. Hence, there is never any need to change any ruling.

Imām Ahmad Rida was also a poet par excellence. His collection of religious poetry, Hada’iq-e-Bakhshish, has received praise by hundreds of poets, researchers, critics and scholars. There have also been Ph.D. theses that have been completed on his poetry.

He was also a master of ancient and modern philosophy. This can be seen from books of his such as al-Kalimatu’l Mulhima, Nuzul-e-Ayaat-e-Furqan and Fauz-e-Mubeen. As for his acumen relating to secular sciences, his answer to Sir Dr. Ziauddin’s mathematical problem is proof enough. Sir Ziauddin, vice chancellor of Muslim University, Aligarh, was sent to Imām Ahmad Rida by Mawlana Sayyid Sulayman Ashraf. Mufti Burhan Ul-Haq was eye-witness to this event and said:

Dr. Ziauddin came outside and addressed Sayyid Sulaiman Ashraf and said that it is doubtful that such a fine scholar is alive today. Allah has given him such knowledge that my mind is baffled. Alongside religious knowledge, he has such plentiful knowledge of mathematics, algebra and geometry that he solved that problem in a matter of minutes that I could not solve in weeks. He is certainly worthy of a Nobel Prize but he is not hungry for fame. May Allah grant him a long life and may He let people benefit from him. [1]

Imām Ahmad Rida possessed a very powerful memory. He himself says that some people who are not well acquainted with me write Hafidh with my name. I am not a Hafidh but when I hear someone recite a part of the Holy Qur’ān, I can then repeat the same part back to them. When he did memorise the whole Qur’ān, it only took him a month where he would memorise one chapter a day between ‘Asr and Maghrib.

He was also able to read very quickly and retain what he had read. He borrowed ‘Uqud ad-Dariya from Mawlana Wasī Ahmad Muhaddith Surati and managed to read the two-volume work in one day. When asked what he would do when he needed to quote from the book, he replied that the contents of the book were now in his mind for ever.

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His mastery of Fiqh

It is normally the case that scholars begin to pen their works after they have graduated from their religious education. However, Imām Ahmad Rida is amongst those scholars who began to author books during their student days. He began to issue judicial verdicts the very day he graduated and the very first fatwa he ever decreed was so well researched and comprehensive that his father, Mawlana Naqī Ali Khan - himself a renowned Mufti of his era - was astounded. Imām Ahmad Rida began writing fatawa at the tender age of 13 years and 10 months and continued this till his demise in 1340 AH – a total of 54 years.

It is unfortunate that some of his earlier fatawa could not be kept safe. Those that remain have been gathered in the form of al-‘Ataya al-Nabawiya fi al-Fatawa al-Ridawiyah. They cover 12 volumes, each of 900-1000 pages. Finding such a voluminous fatwa work is rare and the research qualities of Imām Ahmad Rida can be seen throughout the work. The fatawa have been a source of reference for the Hanafi School ever since they were written.

The total number of monographs and books written by him number around 1000 that cover over 50 subject areas. By 1887, at the age of 30 years, he had already written 75 books and treatises and by 1909, at the age of 43 years, this number had increased to approximately 500.

As is evident, Imām Ahmad Rida did write a lot of books but what must be noted is that the quantity of books is not what makes Imām Ahmad Rida great; it is the quality of each one that makes him great. In many cases, one page written by Imām Ahmad Rida is more valuable than whole books of other scholars.

His excellence in Fiqh can be seen from the number of references he cites for each issue. Some examples of this are seen below:

1. Can the Janazah prayer be repeated? Imām Ahmad Rida compiled a monograph on this matter and dealt with the issue by segregating it into 10 categories. He cited 207 references and at another place also gathered 40 other references of Hadith and books of Fiqh.

2. Can the Awliya hear and assist after their demise? He answered this by compiling a lengthy monograph named Hayat al-Mawat fi Bayani Sama’il Amwat. He first cited 60 ahadith and then gathered 200 sayings of the Sahaba, Tabi’in and then gathered a further 100 references of those scholars that are revered by the Wahābīs. Not just this, he then compiled another 150 page book on this issue.

3. He was asked about making Dū’ā after Salah. He cited one verse of the Holy Qur’ān and then presented a hadîth from 10 different books whereas Mawlana Abdul Haleem Farangi Mahalli only presented one hadîth as his answer and Molvi Muhammad Nazeer Husain, the leader of the Ahle Hadith, also only managed one hadîth.

4. Abiding by times of Salah is compulsory and joining prayers is impermissible. He wrote a monograph on this issue named Hajiz al-Bahrain in which he presented 7 verses of the Holy Qur’ān and 36 ahadīth from famous books of Hadīth.

5. The famous Hadith scholar of the age, ‘Allama Wasī Ahmad Muhaddith Surati, asked Imām Ahmad Rida a question regarding the ‘Imaama . The latter gathered 40 ahadith on the blessings of the ‘Imaama and also their references. Muhaddith Surati also questioned about a Hadīth that some claimed was weak. Imām Ahmad Rida replied in a way that all allegations were refuted.

Other aspects of his superlative knowledge of Fiqh can be seen from his answers to perennial issues. For example, when the issue of currency notes arose, the scholars were baffled. Even the Hanafi Mufti of Makkah, Mawlana Jamal bin Abdullah, was unable to provide a comprehensive answer and left it by saying:

العلم امانة في اعناق العلما

It is a favour upon the whole Muslim ummah that Imām Ahmad Rida answered the question with utmost clarity. When he went to his second Hajj in 1323 AH, news of the brilliance of al-Dawlah al-Makkiyah had spread far and wide. Hence, the scholars took advantage of his visit and asked 12 questions about currency notes. Imām Ahmad Rida wrote Kifl al-Faqih al-Fahim and when he went to the library of Haram on 4th Safar 1324 AH, he found the Mufti-e-Hanafiya, Mawlana Abdullah bin Siddiq, reading Kifl al-Faqih and when he reached the point where Imām Ahmad Rida had cited Fath al-Qadir­ which said that: If a man wishes to sell a piece of paper for Rs. 1000, then this is permissible; the Mufti was shocked and whilst hitting his thigh he exclaimed: “Jamal bin Abdullah, how did you miss such a clear evidence?” By saying this, the current Mufti was addressing the Mufti of old .

Imām Ahmad Rida was a great Faqīh because he was able to convey what Fuqaha before him had researched in their own books but he was also able to add his own research to issues. For example, Fatawa Ridawiyah has 311 points on Tayammum whereas previous works of Fiqh have 72. The additional 239 points have been derived by Imām Ahmad Rida himself.

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His Mastery of Hadīth

For one to be a Muhaddith; it is not necessary to be a Faqīh but to be a Faqīh, one must be a Muhaddith and Imām Ahmad Rida was an undisputed Imām of Fiqh. He had a vast knowledge of Hadīth and its related sciences including Turuq, Nasikh and Mansūkh, Rajih and Marjūh, Tatbīq and Rijal. Sayyid Muhammad Muhaddith Kachochawi writes:

His knowledge of Hadīth can be seen by the fact that all the ahadīth that are the foundation of the Hanafi School were in his memory and those ahadith by which the Hanafi school is challenged; Imām Ahmad Rida knew the weaknesses of their Sanad and the meanings of all of them. The knowledge of Asma’ al-Rijal is the most difficult science of Hadīth; however, if any Sanad was recited before Imām Ahmad Rida and he was asked about any narrator, he would mention the strengths and weaknesses of each narrator with specific words and when the books of Rijal were checked, those exact words were found therein. [2]

Concerning the etiquettes of Takhrīj al-Hadīth, Imām Ahmad Rida wrote a monograph named al-Rawd al-Baheej fi Adab al-Takhreej. Mawlana Rahman Ali writes about this work:

If there is no book before this on this topic, then the writer can be called the inventor of this science. [3]

Sayyid Muhammad Muhaddith Kachochawi once asked his teacher, Mawlana Sayyid Wasī Ahmad Muhaddith Surati: “Was the rank of Imam Ahmad Raza the same as yours in the field of Hadith?” The latter replied, “Not at all, not at all”. He then said, “Do you understand what I mean by this? Imām Ahmad Rida is Amīr al-Mu’minīn fi’l Hadīth and if I study Hadīth at his feet for many years, I will still not reach his rank”.

Imām Ahmad Rida was once questioned about how many books of Hadīth he had studied. He replied with the names of 29 books and said that he had studied over 50 books of Hadīth. Moreover, when one researcher studied 356 books of Imām Ahmad Rida, he found citations therein from not just 50 books but 240 books of Hadīth. As mentioned, these 240 books are mentioned in just 356 of his books whereas he has authored approximately 1000 books; hence, this number is likely to be much greater.

Many a time, for only one hadîth, he cites up to 25 references. He wrote 45 books specifically on Hadīth and when answering questions, he would cite extensively from the books of Hadīth. A few examples are given:

· Is it allowed to refer to Sayyidinā Rasūlullah şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam as ‘the remover of difficulties’? Answering this, Imām Ahmad Rida wrote al-Amnu wa’l ‘Ula wherein he proved his motif by presenting 60 verses and 300 ahadith.

Some Wahabis denied the fact that Sayyidinā Rasūlullah şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam is the best of creation. Imām Ahmad Rida answered this fallacious claim by gathering 100 ahadith and named this monograph Tajalli al-Yaqeen bi Anna Nabiyyina Sayyida’l Mursaleen.

· When asked about having a feast to remove the difficulties of famine and smallpox, Imām Ahmad Rida presented 60 ahadith to show its permissibility.

· Whilst burying the nonsensical claim of Prophethood by Mirza Qadiani, Imām Ahmad Rida wrote a monograph wherein he presented 121 ahadith which demolished Mirza’s claim.

· On the issue of the second Adhan for Jumu’ah, Imām Ahmad Rida wrote Shama’im al-Anbar in Arabic in which he gathered 45 ahadith.

· Regarding the hearing of the dead, he presented 60 ahadith.

· On the creation of Angels, he cited 24 ahadith.

· About dyeing the hair, he presented 16 ahadith.

· Regarding Mu’aniqa , he cited 16 ahadith.

· On the importance of the beard, he gathered 56 ahadith.

· On the rights of parents, he presented 91 ahadith.

· Regarding the impermissibility of the prostration of reverence, he put forward 70 ahadith.

· On intercession, he gathered 40 ahadith.

· On the issue of pictures, he cited 27 ahadith.

His Knowledge of Tafsīr

Though he did not compile a single Tafsīr of the whole Qur’ān; he did compile numerous works that relate to Tafsīr. He wrote marginalia to books of Tafsīr and when he did write a commentary of just one Surah – Surah ad-Duha – he wrote 600 pages. Glimpses of majestic knowledge of Tafsīr can be seen in numerous works of his.

His Translation of the Holy Qur’ān

One of his most outstanding works is his translation of the Holy Qur’ān into Urdu which he named Kanzu’l Iman fi Tarjamatu’l Qur’ān which is unique and unparalleled in every sense. Each and every line of this translation gives glimpses of the beauty of the Holy Qur’ān and shows his mastery of the sciences of Tafsir. The translation takes into account the Glory of Allah and the perfection of His Messenger şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam; hence, it is free from the faults that are found in other translations.

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Hajj and visitation to the Sacred Sanctuaries

Imām Ahmad Rida performed Hajj twice – in 1295 AH and 1323 AH. His books al-Muneeratu’l Wadiya, al-Jaamu’s Sunnah, Fatawa al-Haramayn, Husam al-Haramayn, al-Dawlah al-Makkiya and Kiflu’l Faqih al-Fahim are all masterpieces in the Arabic language that he compiled during his visits to the sacred lands. Some of these books have scores of taqaridh from the scholars of Haramayn. This shows that the views and beliefs of Imām Ahmad Rida were the same as those held by the scholars of the sacred lands.

Imām Ahmad Rida was loved by the scholars of Haramayn. Shaykh Karimullah Muhajir Madani [student of Shaykh al-Dala’il Muhammad Abdul Haq Muhajir Madani (d. 1333AH)] writes his account thus:

I have spent many years in Madina. Thousands of people of knowledge including scholars and mystics come here. They can be found in every street of the city and the locals do not pay much attention to them. However, I see that many great scholars flock towards him and continuously show their respect and reverence. This is the favour of Allah that He grants to whomsoever He wishes. [4]

The famous historian, Mawlana Rahman Ali, adds:

After Maghrib at the station of Ibrahim ‘alaihis salam, Imam al-Shafi’iyah Husain bin Salih Jamalu’l Layl, without any introduction, grabbed the hand of Mawlana Ahmad Rida al-Baraylwī and looked at his face for a long time. He then said, اِنِّى لَاَجِدُ نُورَ اللّٰه مِن هٰذا الجَبيْن . He then granted him Ijazahs for both the Sihah Sitta and the Qadrī order with a special signature in which he named him as Ziauddin Ahmad. The sanad that he granted was unbroken till Imām Bukharī. [5]

Abu’l Hasan Ali Nadwi writes:

The scholars of Hijaz discussed some issues of Fiqh and Kalam with Imām Ahmad Rida and he wrote some monographs to present to them. He also answered some questions for them. His multitude of knowledge, speed of writing, acumen and intelligence left people amazed and astonished. [6]

The ‘Ulama turn to Imām Ahmad Rida [Marja’ul ‘Ulama]

Mawlana Waqaruddīn, the student of Mawlana Amjad Ali Aa’zmī, writes regarding the knowledge of Imām Ahmad Rida:

I taught at Madrasah Mazhar-e-Islam in Bareilly for approximately 9 years and was in charge of teaching the most advanced books. Whenever I came across any difficulty I would go to the library of Imām Ahmad Rida and look for the book within which I was having difficulty and would always find that Imam Ahmad Raza had written a marginalia in the book which solved my problem. I also found that those complex parts that are left alone by other commentators, Imām Ahmad Rida had written marginalia to even those.

Volumes 1-7 and 10-11 of Fatāwa Ridawiyyah contain a total of 4095 fatāwa. Out of this, 1061 are questions sent to Imām Ahmad Rida by other scholars. This shows that along with the general public, the scholars also turned to Imām Ahmad Rida to find solutions to their problems.

His refutation of Ahlu’l Bid’ah

Those who wished to challenge the greatness of Allah by attributing deficiencies to Him were refuted by Imām Ahmad Rida. He wrote Subhan al-Subbuh ‘an ‘Aybi Kadhibi al-Maqbuh and wrote another 5 monographs on the issue of Imkan-e-Kidhb. He also refuted those who believed in Allah having a body by compiling Qawari’ al-Qahhar ‘alal Mujassamatu’l Fujjar. Refuting ancient philosophers, he wrote a lengthy monograph named al-Kalimatu’l Mulhima. He strongly refuted those who insult and curse the dear Prophet şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam, his companions, his family, the Mujtahid Imams and the saints. As for the fitna of Qadian, he tore it from the roots by writing 5 monographs against it and was the first scholar to issue a fatwa of Kufr against it. It can easily be seen from his literary masterpieces that he strove against all the prevalent innovations of his era and saved the Muslim ummah from their dangers.

His love for Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alaihi wa Sallam

Many scholars have paid tribute to his sincerity, honesty, piety and to the purity of his heart but the whole world pays tribute to his unfaltering adherence to the Qur’an and Sunnah and his love for Sayyidinā Rasūlullah şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam. Not only his followers; even unbiased opponents of his are witness to the reality of his love. He awakened such an inspiring love for the Prophet şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam that the dwellings of the heart began to shine like mirrors. Every day and night in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, England, Holland, the USA and Africa, his poetic masterpiece is heard thus:

مصطفٰى جانِ رحمت په لاكهوں سلام
شمع بزم هدايت په لاكهوں سلام


Whenever someone returned from Hajj, he would ask them if they had been to visit Sayyidinā Rasūlullah şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam and if they had, he would immediately kiss their feet.


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Imām Ahmad Rida and the Scholars of Haramayn

Imām Ahmad Rida was not just a personality revered and accepted by the scholars of the Indian Subcontinent – even the scholars of Haramayn accepted his leadership and his status as the Mujaddid of his era. These are the words of some scholars of Makkah in praise of Imām Ahmad Rida.

Mawlana Muhammad Yusuf al-Afghani al-Makki writes:


الذى افتخربوجوده الزمان
He whose existence the era is proud of. [9]

Shaykh Salih Kamal Mufti Hanafiya writes:

A sea of merits, the coolness of the eyes of scholars, Mawlana, Muhaqqiq, the blessing of the era, Ahmad Rida Khan al-Baraylwi. May Allah preserve him. [10]

Shaykh Abu’l Khayr Mirdad writes:

Indeed he is that ‘Allama and Fadil who solves problems with the light of his eyes – his name is Ahmad Rida Khan. [11]

Shaykh Abdur Rahman Dahlan writes:

The one on whom the scholars rely; the ‘Allama of his time; the unique; for whom the scholars of Makka bear witness that he is the leader; the unmatched; the Imam; my master; my refuge; Hazrat Ahmad Raza Khan Barelwi. May Allah make us and all Muslims benefit from his life and may He give me his mission as his mission is the mission of Rasūlullah şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam. [12]

Shaykh Muhammad Mukhtar bin ‘Ata al-Jawi al-Makki writes:

Indeed the writer is the leader of the scholars and researchers and all his words are the truth. He is from the miracles of our Prophet sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam and Allah revealed this miracle at the hands of the Imam. [13]

Shaykh Musa Ali Shami al-Azhari Ahmad Darderwi Madani writes:

امام الاٮٔمة المجدد لهذه الامه
The Imam of Imams and the Mujaddid of the Muslim ummah. [14]

Shaykh Muhammad Yaseen Ahmad al-Khayari Madani praises him thus:

هو امام المحدثين
He is the Imam of the Hadith scholars. [15]

 ‘Allama Mawlana Tafaddal al-Haq Makki writes:

These answers show that the writer is an ‘Alim, ‘Allama, Fahhama and he is to the scholars as the eye is to the body. [16]

Due to weakness, Shaykh al-Khutaba, ‘Ustad al-‘Ulama, ‘Allama Mawlana al-Shaykh Ahmad Abu’l Khayr Mirdad was not able to visit Imām Ahmad Rida at the latter’s residence. The Shaykh heard al-Dawlah al-Makkiya from cover to cover and when Imām Ahmad Rida was about to leave Makkah, he respectfully touched the feet of the Shaykh. The Shaykh addressed Imām Ahmad Rida and said:

انا أقبل أرجلكم انا أقبل نعالكم
I would kiss your feet and I would kiss your shoes. [17]

Shaykh Mirdad also addressed Imām Ahmad Rida as:

شيخنا العلامه احمد رضا خاں بريلوى

Shaykh Sayyid Alawi Maliki Makki says:

When someone from India comes to Makka and we want to see if he is Sunni, we simply mention the name of Imām Ahmad Rida before him. If his face lights up with happiness, we know he is a Sunni and if he shows unhappiness at his mention, we know he is something else.

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His Demise

The Imam of Ahlus Sunnah, the Mujaddid, Shaykh al-Islam wa’l Muslimīn, Imām Ahmad Rida Khan al-Hanafī al-Qadrī al-Barkatī al-Baraylwī passed away on 25th Safar, 1340 AH, at the age of 65. From beginning to end, this shining star of the Ummah was an embodiment of Sharī’āh. Hence, even on his death bed, he ordained that nothing be done in contravention to the Sunnah. He said:

From the food of the Fatiha, nothing should be given to the rich. Only the poor will be fed and that too with utmost respect. No-one will treat the poor badly and nothing will happen that is against the Sunnah. [18]

In the majority of cases, food from the Fatiha is only for the rich and only the poor miss out. Imām Ahmad Rida destroyed this ugly practice which was snatching the rights of the poor and in doing so he revived a dying Sunnah of the dear Prophet şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam.

The benevolence of Allah and His Prophet şallAllāhu álayhi wa sallam remained with Imām Ahmad Rida till his demise. He said that my weakness has left me in such a state that I may not even recognise some of my own relatives but all the matters of the Sharī’āh are still with me and I have not forgotten any of them.

May Allah shower abundant blessings on the grave of the great Imam and may He raise us with him on the day of Judgement.
________________________________

[1] Ikram-e-Imam Ahmad Raza, p.59-60, Lahore, 1981
[2] Maqalat-e-Yawm-e-Raza, ‘Abdun Nabi Kokab, vol.1, p.41
[3] Tadkirah ‘Ulama-e-Hind, Molvi Rahman Ali, Pakistan Historical Society, p.100
[4] Translation from Arabic – al-Ijazat al-Mateena, Mawlana Hamid Rida al-Qadrī al-Baraylwī
[5] Tadkirah ‘Ulama-e-Hind, p.16, Lucknow, 1914
[6] Translation from Arabic – Nuzhatu’l Khawatir, vol.8, p.38-39, Da’iratu’l Ma’arif, Hyderabad, 1970
[7] Salla’s Suyuf al-Hindiya - Imām Ahmad Rida
[8] Ashaddu’l Adhab, p. 13
[9] Husam al-Haramayn, p.62
[10] Ibid, p.25
[11] Ibid, p.23
[12] Ibid, p.46
[13] al-Dawlah al-Makkiya, p.166
[14] Ibid, p.203
[15] Rasa’il-e-Ridawiyyah, Mawlana Abdul Hakeem Shahjanhanpuri, p.148
[16] Ibid, p.136
[17] al-Malfūdh, vol.1, p.10 - Imām Ahmad Rida
[18] Wisāya Sharīf, written on 28th October, 1921 – Imām Ahmad Rida
 
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Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Moosa bin Ja'far "al-Kaadhim" Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu

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HIS POSITION IN THE SILSILA: Hadrat Sayyiduna Imam Moosa Kaazim Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu is the Seventh Imam and Shaykh of the Silsila Aaliyah Qadiriyah Barakatiyah Ridawiyah Nooriyah. He was a great Aalim and is a Wali-e-Kaamil.

BIRTH: He was born in Abwa Sharif (between Makkah Mukarrama and Madinah Munawwarah), on a Sunday, either on the 7th or the 10th of Safar, 128 Hijri. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol. 1, Page 225]

NAME: His name was Moosa, and he was also known as Saami, Abul Hassan and Abu Ibrahim. His titles were Saabir, Saaleh, Ameen and Kaazim.

HIS PARENTS: His father was Hadrat Imam Jaafar Saadiq and his mother was Umm-e-Wulad Bibi Hameeda Radi Allahu Ta'ala Alaihim Ajma'een .

HIS FEATURES: He was of good height, and very handsome. He was tan in complexion and some have said that he was not very fair in complexion. [Anwaar-e-Sufiyah, Page 92]

SHAYKH-E-TARIQAT: He is the mureed and Khalifa of his father, Hadrat Imam Jaafar as-Saadiq Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anhu.

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HIS EXCELLENCE: Hadrat Moosa Kaazim was such a blessed personality, that whomsoever took his name as a wasila, they found that all their duas were accepted. It is for this reason, that the people of Iraq referred to him as Baabul Hawaa'ij (The Door at which all their problems were answered).

Hadrat Imam Shafi'i Radi Allahu Anhu says that

The Mazaar Shareef of Imam Moosa Kaazim is a great means of acceptance.

Hadrat Imam Jaafar as-Saadiq Radi Allahu Anhu says,

"From all of my children, the most exalted is Moosa Kaazim. He is a pearl from amongst the pearls (treasures) of Allah."

He was an Aabid and Zaahid, and spent his days keeping fast, and his nights in the ibaadat of Allah. He was also known as Abdus Saaleh, due to the lengthy nights that he used to spend in the Ibaadat of Almighty Allah. He was known as Kaazim (one who drinks his anger), due to his humility and simplicity. He was also very generous and kind. He would go out in search of the needy in Madinah Munawwarah, and would then send people to distribute money to them in the darkness of night, and none would know from where they had received the money. He never turned any supplicant away at any time. He always fulfilled the needs of those who asked his assistance. Whenever he met any person, he would be first in making Salam. If someone spoke against him or tried to harm him, then he even took care of that person by sending him money and treating him kindly. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Vol. 1, Page 226]

Hadrat Shafeeq Balkhi who was a contemporary of Imam Moosa Kaazim says,

"On my way to Hajj in 149 Hijri, I stopped over at a town called Qaadisiya. I was looking at the behaviour and the manner of the people living there, when my sight fell upon a very handsome young man, who was wearing a Suf (blended cotton fabric) cloth over his clothes, and a pair of shoes. He sat away from the rest of the people. I began to think that he was a Sufi kind of person and wanted to be an obstacle in the way of the people. I thus went towards him to give him some advice. When he saw me coming towards him. He called my name and told me exactly what I was thinking. I then thought in my heart, that this is definitely a pious man, as he does not even know me, yet he called me by my name and said what was in my heart. I felt that I should meet with him and ask his forgiveness. I rushed to find him, but he had already gone away. I searched for a very long time, but could not find him. We stopped at a place called Fida during our journey, and again I saw him. He was in namaaz, and he was trembling and weeping. I walked towards him again, with the intention of asking him to forgive me, when he said, "O Shafeeq Read! Verily I am Compassionate towards him who repented and brought faith and did good deeds and then walked the straight path." He read this verse, and then walked away. I then began to think that he was from amongst the Abdaals (a station of Wilaayat), for he has read my heart twice already. Then we went to Mina, and I saw him again. He was standing at a well, with a huge bowl in his hand. He was intending to take some water. Then all of a sudden the bowl fell from his hands into the well. When this happened, he recited the following couplet: 'You are my Sustainer, when I am thirsty for water, and You are my strength when I intend to eat.' He then said, 'O Allah! O my Creator! O my Lord! You know that with the exception of this bowl, I have nothing else. Do not deprive me of this bowl.' By Allah, I saw that the water in the well reached the top of the well and he stretched out his hand and filled his bowl with water. He then performed wudhu and read four rakaats of Namaaz. After Namaaz, he filled sand into his bowl of water and began to stir it. He then began to drink the mixture of sand and water. I went close to him and said salaam. He returned my salaam. I then asked if he would bless me with some of the blessings which he has attained. He said, 'O Shafeeq! My Lord has always bestowed his hidden and apparent bounties upon me, so always intend good from your Lord.' He then handed his bowl over to me. When I drank out of it, By Allah it was a sweet drink, and never have I tasted something so delicious. The barkat of that meal was such, that I did not feel any hunger and thirst for may days. Then I did not see him until we entered Makkah Mukarramah. I again saw him late one night near the well of Zamzam, reading Namaaz, weeping and trembling. After his Namaaz he sat there for a long time and read tasbeeh. He then read his Fajr Salaah and went to the Haram to perform the Tawaaf. As he left the Haram, I followed him, but I was amazed to see him in a completely different situation to which I had seen him during our journey. I saw his friends, disciples and servants all around him. They sealed of the entire area around him as he arrived and they began to make his khidmat. Each one of them were making salaam to him with great love and respect. On seeing this, I asked one person, 'Who is this young man?' He said, 'he is Moosa bin Jaafar bin Muhammad bin Ali bin Hussain bin Ali bin Abi Taalib.' [Jaami' al-Manaaqib, Page 226/230]

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KARAAMATS: Imam Moosa Kaazim performed many miracles. A few of his miracles are quoted below for us to attain barakaat.

KNOWLEDGE OF THE UNSEEN: Ishaaq bin Amaar says, that when Imam Moosa Kaazim was imprisoned, then the Saahibain of Imam Abu Hanifa, namely Imam Abu Yusuf and Imam Muhammad bin Hassan (Ridwaanullahi Ta'ala Alaihim Ajma'een) went to meet with him, so that they ask him some important questions. Whilst they were seated with him, a prison guard came to him and said, 'I am now about to complete my duty and I am on my way home. If there is anything you need, please let me know, so that I may arrange it for you tomorrow when I return.' Hadrat Moosa Kaazim looked at him and said, 'There is nothing I need. All is well.' As he left, Imam Moosa Kaazim said, 'I am amazed by him, that he wants to know if there is anything that he can do for me tomorrow, whereas tonight he will pass away.' When Imam Abu Yusuf and Imam Muhammad (Ridwaanullahi Ta'ala Alaihim Ajma'een) heard this, they said, 'We came here to learn about some laws relating to fard and sunnahs and he discusses Ilm-e- Ghaib (Knowledge of the Unseen).' Both of them, then sent a man to follow the prison guard to see the outcome of what Imam Moosa Kaazim said. The man sat outside the house of the prison guard, as he was instructed. When he heard the sounds of weeping and screaming, he enquired as to what had happened. The people of the house informed him that the guard had passed away. When this message reached Imam Abu Yusuf and Imam Muhammad (radi Allahu anhum), they were astonished. [Tashreef al-Bashar, Page 84]

HIS FORESIGHT: Esa Mada'ini says that he worked for a year in Makkah Mukarramah and then decided to spend a year in Madinatul Munawwarah as he felt that this would be a means of achieving many blessings. He arrived in Madinatul Munawwarah and often visited Imam Moosa Kaazim whilst he was there. One day whilst he was seated in the presence of Hadrat Moosa Kaazim, the Imam looked at him and said, "O Esa! Go and see, your house has collapsed over all your belongings." Esa Mada'ini immediately rushed home and found that his house had collapsed over all his belongings. He quickly employed a man that was passing by to remove all his belongings from the house. He then realised that his jug was missing. The following day, he went to meet Hadrat Moosa Kaazim who said, "O Esa! Did you lose anything when your house collapsed. If so, let me know, so that I may make dua and Allah shall bless you with something better in its place." Esa Mada'ini answered that everything was found except a jug. Hadrat then lowered his head for a while and then raised his head and said, “You removed it from the house before it collapsed and you have forgotten about where you left it. Go to the maid of the house and ask her to give the jug to you.” He did this, and found that the maid handed over the lost jug to him. [Masaalik as-Saalikeen, Page 83]
 
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HIS CHILDREN: Almighty Allah had blessed Imam Moosa Kaazim with many children. The names of his children are as follows:

Sons: Hadrat Ali Raza, Zaid, Aqeel, Haaroon, Hassan, Hussain, Abdullah, Abdur Rahmaan, Ismaeel, Ishaaq, Yahya, Ahmad, Abu Bakr, Muhammad, Akbar, Jaafar  Akbar, Jaafar Asghar, Hamza, Abbas, Qaasim

Daughters: Bibi Khadija, Asmaul Akbar, Asmaul Asghar, Faatimatul Kubra, Faatimatus Sughra, Zainab Kubra, Zainab Sughra, Umme Kulthoom Kubra, Umme Fardah, Umme Abdullah, Ummul Qaasim, Aaminah, Hakeema, Mahmooda, Imaama, Maimoona (Ridwaanullahi Ta'ala Alaihim Ajma'een).

HIS KHULAFA: The names of all his Khulafa can not be found, but His two well-known khulafa are being mentioned:

1. Hadrat Shaykh Ali Raza
2. Hadrat Shaykh Matlibi [Anwaar-e-Sufiyah, Page 93]

WISAAL: He commanded one of his servants to be the administrator of his funeral arrangements. Hadrat Sayyiduna Moosa Kaazim was poisoned by his enemies. He passed away on either the 5th or 25th of Rajab, 183 Hijri on a Friday, at the age of 55.

MAZAAR SHAREEF: His Mazaar Shareef is in a place called Kaazmeen (Kadhimiyah) in Iraq.

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— — —
Extracted from
Tadhkira Mashaikh-e-Qadiriyah Barakatiya Ridawiyah
Urdu: Mawlana Abdul Mujtaba Ridawi | English: Mawlana Aftab Qasim

Tuesday, 28 August 2012

♥ فضائل شب معراج شریف ♥ یوم بعثت نبوی صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم

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بیہقی شعب الایمان اور دیلمی نے مسند الفردوس میں سلمان فارسی رضی اﷲ تعالیٰ عنہ سے مرفوعاً روایت كی:
 
فی رجب یوم ولیلة من صام ذٰلك الیوم وقام تلك اللیلة كان كمن صام من الدهر مائة سنة وقام مائة سنة وھو  لثلث بقین من رجب وفیه بعث اﷲ تعالٰی محمدا صلی اﷲ تعالٰی علیه وسلّم۔
رجب میں ایک دن اور رات ہے جو اس دن كا روزہ ركھے اور وُہ رات نوافل میں گزارے سَو برس كے روزوں اور سَو برس كے شب بیداری كے برابر ہو، اور وہ ۲۷رجب ہے اسی تاریخ اﷲ عزوجل نے محمد صلی اﷲ تعالیٰ علیہ وسلم كو مبعوث فرمایا۔

الفردوس بمأثور الخطاب حدیث ٤۳۸۱ دارالكتب العلمیہ بیروت ۳ /۱٤۲
شعب الایمان حدیث ۳۸۱۱ دارالكتب العلمیہ بیروت ۳ /۳۷٤

نیز اسی میں بطریق ابان بن عیاش حضرت انس رضی اﷲ تعالیٰ عنہ سے مرفوعاً مروی:

فی رجب لیلة یكتب للعامل فیھا حسنات مائة سنة، وذٰلك لثلٰث بقین من رجب فمن صلی فیه اثنتی عشرة ركعة یقرأ فی كل ركعة فاتحة الكتاب وسورة من القرأن، ویتشھد فی كل ركعة ویسلم فی اٰخرهن، ثم یقول، سبحٰن اﷲ والحمدﷲ ولاالٰہ الااﷲ واﷲ اكبر مائة مرة ویستغفر اﷲ مائة مرة ویصلی عن النّبی صلی اﷲتعالٰی علیہ وسلم مائة مرة ویدعو لنفسہ ماشاء من امر دنیاه واٰخرته ویصبح صائما فان اﷲ یستجیب دعاء كلہ الاان یدعوفي معصیة۔
رجب میں ایک رات ہے كہ اس میں عمل نیك كرنے والے كو سَو برس كی نیكیوں كا ثواب ہے اور وہ رجب كی ستائیسویں شب ہے جو اس میں بارہ ركعت پڑھے ہرركعت میں سورہ فاتحہ اور ایك سورت، اور ہر دوركعت پر التحیات اور آخر میں بعد سلام سبحن اﷲ والحمد ﷲ ولاالٰہ الا اﷲ واﷲ اكبرسو بار، استغفار سَو بار، درود سو بار، اور اپنی دنیا وآخرت سے جس چیز كی چاہے دعا مانگے اور صبح كو رزہ ركھے تو اﷲ تعالیٰ اس كی سب دعائیں قبول فرمائے سوائے اس دُعا كے جو گناہ كے لیے ہو۔ (شعب الایمان حدیث ۳۸۱۲۱ دارالكتب العلمیہ بیروت ۳ /۳۷٤)

فوائد ہناد میں انس رضی اﷲ تعالٰی عنہ سے مروی:

بعث نبیا فی السابع والعشرین رجب فمن صام ذٰلك الیوم ودعا عند افطارہ كان لہ كفارة عشر سنتین۔
۲۷ رجب كو مجھے نبوت عطا ہُوئی جو اس دن كا روزہ ركھے اور افطار كے وقت دُعا كرے دس برس كے گناہوں كا كفارہ ہو۔ (تنزیه الشریعة بحوالہ فوائد ہناد كتاب الصوم حدیث ٤۱ دارالكتب العلمیة بیروت ۳ /۱٦۱)

جزء ابی معاذ مروزی میں بطریق شہر ابن حوشب ابوھریرہ رضی اﷲ تعالیٰ عنہ سے موقوفاً مروی:

من صام یوم سبع وعشرین من رجب كتب اﷲ له صیام ستین شھرا وھو الیوم الذی هبط فیه جبریل علی محمد صلی اﷲ تعالٰی علیه وسلم بالرسالة۔
جو رجب كی ستائیسویں كا روزہ ركھے تو اﷲ تعالیٰ اس كے لیے ساٹھ مہینوں كے روزوں كا ثواب لكھے، اور وُہ وُہ دن ہے جس میں جبریل علیہ الصلٰوة والسلام محمد صلّی اﷲ تعالیٰ علیہ و سلم كے لیے پیغمبری لے كر نازل ہُوئے۔ (تنزیه الشریعة بحوالہ جزء ابی معاذ كتاب الصوم حدیث ٤۱ دارا لكتب العلمیه بیروت ۳ /۱٦۱)

تنزیه الشریعة سے ماثبت من السّنة میں ہے:

وھذا أمثل ما ورد فی ھذا المعنی۔
یہ اُن سب حدیثوں سے بہتر ہے جو اس باب میں آئیں۔ بالجملہ اس كے لیے اصل ہے اور فضائلِ اعمال میں حدیثِ ضعیف باجماعِ ائمہ مقبول ہے واﷲتعالٰی اعلم۔

تنزیه الشریعة بحوالہ جزء ابی معاذ كتاب الصوم حدیث ٤۱ دارا لكتب العلمیہ بیروت ۳ /۱٦۱
ما ثبت بالسنة مع اردو ترجمہ ذكرماہِ رجب ارادہ نعیمیہ رضویہ لال كھوہ موچی گیٹ لاہور ص ۲۳٤

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تحقیق: اعلیٰ حضرت الشاہ امام احمد رضا خان علیہ الرحمۃ والرضوان
کتاب: العطایا النبویہ فی الفتاوی الرضویہ ، جلد ۱۰ ، صفحہ ٦٤۷

♥ فضائل شب معراج شریف ♥ یوم بعثت نبوی صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم

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http://a5.sphotos.ak.fbcdn.net/hphotos-ak-ash4/263125_10150212659455334_672380333_7776762_3555355_n.jpg

 
بیہقی شعب الایمان اور دیلمی نے مسند الفردوس میں سلمان فارسی رضی اﷲ تعالیٰ عنہ سے مرفوعاً روایت كی:
 
فی رجب یوم ولیلة من صام ذٰلك الیوم وقام تلك اللیلة كان كمن صام من الدهر مائة سنة وقام مائة سنة وھو  لثلث بقین من رجب وفیه بعث اﷲ تعالٰی محمدا صلی اﷲ تعالٰی علیه وسلّم۔
رجب میں ایک دن اور رات ہے جو اس دن كا روزہ ركھے اور وُہ رات نوافل میں گزارے سَو برس كے روزوں اور سَو برس كے شب بیداری كے برابر ہو، اور وہ ۲۷رجب ہے اسی تاریخ اﷲ عزوجل نے محمد صلی اﷲ تعالیٰ علیہ وسلم كو مبعوث فرمایا۔

الفردوس بمأثور الخطاب حدیث ٤۳۸۱ دارالكتب العلمیہ بیروت ۳ /۱٤۲
شعب الایمان حدیث ۳۸۱۱ دارالكتب العلمیہ بیروت ۳ /۳۷٤

نیز اسی میں بطریق ابان بن عیاش حضرت انس رضی اﷲ تعالیٰ عنہ سے مرفوعاً مروی:

فی رجب لیلة یكتب للعامل فیھا حسنات مائة سنة، وذٰلك لثلٰث بقین من رجب فمن صلی فیه اثنتی عشرة ركعة یقرأ فی كل ركعة فاتحة الكتاب وسورة من القرأن، ویتشھد فی كل ركعة ویسلم فی اٰخرهن، ثم یقول، سبحٰن اﷲ والحمدﷲ ولاالٰہ الااﷲ واﷲ اكبر مائة مرة ویستغفر اﷲ مائة مرة ویصلی عن النّبی صلی اﷲتعالٰی علیہ وسلم مائة مرة ویدعو لنفسہ ماشاء من امر دنیاه واٰخرته ویصبح صائما فان اﷲ یستجیب دعاء كلہ الاان یدعوفي معصیة۔
رجب میں ایک رات ہے كہ اس میں عمل نیك كرنے والے كو سَو برس كی نیكیوں كا ثواب ہے اور وہ رجب كی ستائیسویں شب ہے جو اس میں بارہ ركعت پڑھے ہرركعت میں سورہ فاتحہ اور ایك سورت، اور ہر دوركعت پر التحیات اور آخر میں بعد سلام سبحن اﷲ والحمد ﷲ ولاالٰہ الا اﷲ واﷲ اكبرسو بار، استغفار سَو بار، درود سو بار، اور اپنی دنیا وآخرت سے جس چیز كی چاہے دعا مانگے اور صبح كو رزہ ركھے تو اﷲ تعالیٰ اس كی سب دعائیں قبول فرمائے سوائے اس دُعا كے جو گناہ كے لیے ہو۔ (شعب الایمان حدیث ۳۸۱۲۱ دارالكتب العلمیہ بیروت ۳ /۳۷٤)

فوائد ہناد میں انس رضی اﷲ تعالٰی عنہ سے مروی:

بعث نبیا فی السابع والعشرین رجب فمن صام ذٰلك الیوم ودعا عند افطارہ كان لہ كفارة عشر سنتین۔
۲۷ رجب كو مجھے نبوت عطا ہُوئی جو اس دن كا روزہ ركھے اور افطار كے وقت دُعا كرے دس برس كے گناہوں كا كفارہ ہو۔ (تنزیه الشریعة بحوالہ فوائد ہناد كتاب الصوم حدیث ٤۱ دارالكتب العلمیة بیروت ۳ /۱٦۱)

جزء ابی معاذ مروزی میں بطریق شہر ابن حوشب ابوھریرہ رضی اﷲ تعالیٰ عنہ سے موقوفاً مروی:

من صام یوم سبع وعشرین من رجب كتب اﷲ له صیام ستین شھرا وھو الیوم الذی هبط فیه جبریل علی محمد صلی اﷲ تعالٰی علیه وسلم بالرسالة۔
جو رجب كی ستائیسویں كا روزہ ركھے تو اﷲ تعالیٰ اس كے لیے ساٹھ مہینوں كے روزوں كا ثواب لكھے، اور وُہ وُہ دن ہے جس میں جبریل علیہ الصلٰوة والسلام محمد صلّی اﷲ تعالیٰ علیہ و سلم كے لیے پیغمبری لے كر نازل ہُوئے۔ (تنزیه الشریعة بحوالہ جزء ابی معاذ كتاب الصوم حدیث ٤۱ دارا لكتب العلمیه بیروت ۳ /۱٦۱)

تنزیه الشریعة سے ماثبت من السّنة میں ہے:

وھذا أمثل ما ورد فی ھذا المعنی۔
یہ اُن سب حدیثوں سے بہتر ہے جو اس باب میں آئیں۔ بالجملہ اس كے لیے اصل ہے اور فضائلِ اعمال میں حدیثِ ضعیف باجماعِ ائمہ مقبول ہے واﷲتعالٰی اعلم۔

تنزیه الشریعة بحوالہ جزء ابی معاذ كتاب الصوم حدیث ٤۱ دارا لكتب العلمیہ بیروت ۳ /۱٦۱
ما ثبت بالسنة مع اردو ترجمہ ذكرماہِ رجب ارادہ نعیمیہ رضویہ لال كھوہ موچی گیٹ لاہور ص ۲۳٤

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تحقیق: اعلیٰ حضرت الشاہ امام احمد رضا خان علیہ الرحمۃ والرضوان
کتاب: العطایا النبویہ فی الفتاوی الرضویہ ، جلد ۱۰ ، صفحہ ٦٤۷